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China’s Rise: Will it be Peaceful?. Orville Schell Colorado Seminar Notes KEEP FOR MY RECORDS, OR SUPER STRONG L1 CLASS- I MADE ABBREVIATED VERSION 2012 AS INTRO TO UNIT. U.S. & Sino Relations. Love-Hate Trust- Suspicion Relations ever since Opium War. Middle Kingdom.

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china s rise will it be peaceful

China’s Rise: Will it be Peaceful?

Orville Schell

Colorado Seminar Notes


u s sino relations
U.S. & Sino Relations
  • Love-Hate
  • Trust- Suspicion
  • Relations ever since Opium War.
middle kingdom
Middle Kingdom
  • China was the Middle of the Universe, neighboring states borrowed their religion and language.
  • They were the top dogs- no challenges to their power!
opium war
Opium War

Opium War

  • Europeans attempt to force trade on “Middle Kingdom”
  • War broke out in 1839-China & Britain-West wins and forced trade with China!
after opium war
After Opium War
  • Europeans Force Trade

Lose of Hong Kong

Spheres of Influences-mini colonies

These concessions let in missionaries

Chinese felt an enormous sense of threat and hopelessness!

open door policy 1898
Open Door Policy-1898
  • United States forces trade with China!

The open door policy stated that all European nations, and the United States, could trade with China.

invasion by japan
Invasion by Japan

The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937 –1945) was a fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan.

100 years of humiliation
100 Years of Humiliation
  • A important element in the formation of China’s modern identity has been the legacy of the country’s “humiliation” with China’s defeat in the Opium Wars & shameful treatment of Chinese in America, and Japanese invasion!
  • Rape of Nanking, was a murder and rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanjing (Nanking),
u s chinese relations time line
U.S.- Chinese Relations Time line
  • Chinese dislike the imperialist (west and Japanese) but recognize they had to learn something from the west.
  • Tremendous love- hate relationship
  • Missionaries do good work but condescending to Chinese.
  • Chinese allies with U.S. during WWII- against Japan.
  • Mao Zedong wins civil
And when the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, Mao Zedong famously declared, “Ours will no longer be a nation subject to insult and humiliation. We…have stood up.”
mao s communist revolution 1940s 50s
Mao’s Communist Revolution1940s & 50s
  • Heart and soul of the revolution was anti-imperialism- west and Japanese.
  • Cultural Revolution- down with America!
mao s china
Mao’s China
  • Communist revolution- enemies again, U.S. citizens can’t go to mainland China.
korean war chinese communist
Korean War & Chinese Communist!
  • U.S. & Chinese Hostile accounts
  • Korean War, 100,000 Chinese lost in war.
  • Vietnam War- seen as united front with China to spread communism.
  • China is isolated from the west! “American Imperialist Pigs!”
deng xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping

What Deng had the intelligence to see was that China would have to break out of its Maoist mold of state control!

The entrepreneurial spirit had to be encouraged, and that the capitalist nature of some had to be openly accepted.

deng s quotes
Deng’s Quotes
  • .

It doesn\'t matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice.

Reform is China\'s second revolution. To get rich is glorious.

His theories would have been considered an abomination in Mao’s time His theories would have been considered an abomination in Mao’s time

deng in america
Deng in America

1980’s Deng comes to America

friendship & love

visits Jimmy Carter- “Love in”

special economic zones
Special Economic Zones
  • In 1978 Deng started an ambitious program of economic reform.
  • He ended collective farming, which freed farmers to choose what crops to grow and to sell any surplus for profit.
  • Deng encouraged foreign trade and investment through joint ventures.
results of economic reform
Results of Economic reform!
  • In last 25 years, China has moved 300 million people out of poverty & quadrupled the average person’s income
  • Exports to the U.S. increased by 1600% in past 15 years.
  • China is considered to be the “Workshop of the World”!
  • The rapid economic progress has transformed cities and coastal areas.
economic development
Economic development
  • China consumes more steel, coal, meat and grain than any other nation.
  • It is also the world\'s fifth largest exporter, trading extensively with the EU, Japan and the US. In 2006, 80% of the world\'s consumer electronics were made in China.
  • But for those in China\'s underdeveloped rural interior life remains difficult. The gap between rich and poor in China is one of the biggest in the world.
tiananmen square 1989
Tiananmen Square- 1989

1989- hate relationship again!

Tiananmen Square- humiliating moment for the Chinese military.

The U.S. believes the CCP will not survive- but it does