10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia
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10th ANNIVERSARY OF THE CHAMBER OF TAX ADVISERS OF RUSSIA. With support :. Transfer pricing International experience: analysis and practical aspects Carlo Romano [email protected] 1. Programme. Introductory remarks on transfer pricing

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10th ANNIVERSARY OF THE CHAMBER OF TAX ADVISERS OF RUSSIA

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10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia

10th ANNIVERSARY OF THE CHAMBER OF TAX ADVISERS OF RUSSIA

With support:

Transfer pricing

International experience: analysis and practical aspects

Carlo Romano

[email protected]

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

1


Programme

Programme

  • Introductory remarks on transfer pricing

  • Documentation procedures within the company: steps, procedures, alternatives, solutions, EU developments

  • Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities

  • APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutions

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

2


Introductory remarks on transfer pricing 1

Introductory remarks on transfer pricing (1)

  • Transfer pricing is not an exact science (para 1.45 OECD)

  • Macro-economy and micro-economy

  • It requires a deep knowledge of the structure and functioning of the enterprise

  • It is an anti-avoidance legislation

  • Significant increasing number of tax litigations (also domestic TP)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

3


Introductory remarks on transfer pricing 2

Introductory remarks on transfer pricing(2)

  • To avoid currency rules

  • To show lower or higher profits so to manage employment issues

  • To transfer more easily profits with no timing and formal constraints

  • To remunerate the investments by the parent company

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

4


Introductory remarks on transfer pricing 3

Introductory remarks on transfer pricing (3)

Transfer pricing around the world

  • applicable to any kind of transacton with non-residents (e.g. Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Corea, Mexico, Norway, Sveden, UK, US; However: DK, IT, UK )

  • only for specific type of transactions (e.g. Argentina, Brasil)

  • There is no specific legislation but transfer pricing is countered through other anti-avoidance rules (e.g. the Netherlands fraus legis, in Switzerland hidden distribution of profits)

  • Only for direct taxes

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

5


Programme1

Programme

  • Introductory remarks on transfer pricing

  • Documentation procedures within the company: steps, procedures, alternatives, solutions, EU developments

  • Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities

  • APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutions

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

6


Documentation procedures within the company 1 eu developments

Documentation procedures within the company (1) EU developments

  • Setting up the EU Joint Transfer Pricing Forum (« JTPF »)

  • Code of conduct on the Arbitration Convention

  • Code of conduct on the EU Transfer Pricing Documentation

  • Guidelines on advance pricing agreements

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


Background

Background

Documentation procedures within the company (2) EU developments

  • The Commission proposed in its Communication of 23 October 2001 to establish a EU Joint Transfer Pricing Forum (« JTPF »).

  • The overall objective of the JTPF is a more uniform application of transfer pricing tax rules within the EU.

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


Participants to the jtpf

Participants to the JTPF

A chairman

Representatives of the Member States

15 experts from business

Representatives of the OECD

Documentation procedures within the company (3) EU developments

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


Functioning and outcome

Functioning and outcome

The JTPF aims at working on the basis of consensus

The outcome must be pragmatic, non-legislative solutions within the framework of the OECD Guidelines to the practical problems posed by transfer pricing practices in the EU.

The result of the work undertaken by the JTPF is transmitted on a regular basis to the Commission and then to the Council which assess the need for appropriate action.

Documentation procedures within the company (4) EU developments

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


Results up to now

Results up to now

Code of Conduct on Arbitration Convention approved by ECOFIN of 7 December 2004

Code of conduct on the EU Transfer Pricing Documentation approved by ECOFIN of 27 June 2006

Guidelines on APA approved by ECOFIN of 5 June 2007

Documentation procedures within the company (5) EU developments

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


The eu transfer pricing documentation eu tpd

The EU Transfer Pricing Documentation(« EU TPD »)

Documentation requirements in the EU have increased and there are significant differences in documentation requirements between Member States.

The existence of different sets of documentation requirements in the internal market places a burden on a company in one Member State that wants to set up and/or conduct business with an affiliated company in another Member State.

The JTPF identified different approaches to documentation requirements and, in the light of their pros and cons, in particular in terms of legal certainty and flexibility, decided to pursue the concept of standardized EU TPD.

Documentation procedures within the company (6) EU developments

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


Main features of the eu tpd

Main features of the EU TPD

Standardisation of the documentation requirements necessary for a tax administration as a risk assessment tool and to obtain sufficient information for the assessment of the group's transfer prices;

The possibility for centralisation of the core part of the documentation (« Masterfile ») at group level; and

Availability to all EU Member States concerned of common standardised transfer pricing information relevant for all EU affiliates of a multinational enterprise.

Documentation procedures within the company (7) EU developments

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


The eu tpd would consist of two main parts

The EU TPD would consist of two main parts:

Documentation procedures within the company (8) EU developments

ITA

FRA

Master File

one set of standardized and consistent documentation relevant for all EU group members of a multinational enterprise

Country files

several sets of standardized documentation each containing country specific information that fit together with the Masterfile.

GER

SPA

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


The different approaches of eu member states on tpd

The different approaches of EU Member States on TPD

Documentation procedures within the company (9) EU developments

Mandatory documentation

FRA

SPA

  • Optional documentation

  • in case of a transfer pricing assessment, no penalties will be levied in case the taxpayer:

    • complies with specific documentation requirements, and

    • makes a specific communication to the Italian tax authorities.

  • Please note that in Italy administrative penalties range from 100% to 200% of the higher tax to be applied on the adjusted prices.

ITA

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]


Programme2

Programme

  • Introductory remarks on transfer pricing

  • Documentation procedures within the company: steps, procedures, alternatives, solutions, EU developments

  • Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities

  • APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutions

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

16


Safeguards procedures instruments in negotiations with tax authorities 1

Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities (1)

To reduce the risk and to prevent litigation:

  • Documentation requirements properly drafted and organized (internal processes are fundamental)

  • Advance Pricing Agreements

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

17


Safeguards procedures instruments in negotiations with tax authorities 2

Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities (2)

Content of the Master File:

  • A general description of the business and business strategy including changes in the business strategy compared to the previous tax year;

  • A general description of the group’s organisational, legal and operational structure;

  • A general identification of the associated enterprises engaged in controlled transactions involving enterprises in the EU;

  • A general description of the controlled transactions involving enterprises in the EU;

  • A general description of functions performed and risks assumed and a description of changes in respect of functions and risks compared to the previous tax year;

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

18


Safeguards procedures instruments in negotiations with tax authorities 3

Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities (3)

Content of the Master File:

  • The ownership of intangibles (patents, trademarks, brand names, know how etc.) and royalties paid or received;

  • The group's inter-company transfer pricing policy;

  • A list of Cost Contribution Agreements, APAs and Rulings covering transfer pricing aspects as far as group members in the EU are affected;

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

19


Safeguards procedures instruments in negotiations with tax authorities 4

Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities (4)

Use of database searches for comparables

  • Preference is given tolocal comparables but in general, regional or pan-European comparables are accepted in so far as they respect the comparability factors and/or the results do not show any significant differences from the rest of a set of comparables.

  • The position of Member States is consequently that, for example, comparables found in pan-European databases should not be rejected automatically.

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

20


Programme3

Programme

  • Introductory remarks on transfer pricing

  • Documentation procedures within the company: steps, procedures, alternatives, solutions, EU developments

  • Safeguards, procedures, instruments in negotiations with tax authorities

  • APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutions

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

21


Apa procedures steps compliance possible issues and solutions 1

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutions(1)

Conduct of the APA process

  • Pre-filing.

  • Formal application.

  • Evaluation and negotiation.

  • Formal agreement.

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

22


Apa procedures steps compliance possible issues and solutions 2

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutions(2)

Documentation

  • Names and addresses of all associated enterprises in the APA.

  • A group structure showing all entities involved in the trade of the enterprises in the APA.

  • An analysis of industry and market trends which are expected to affect the business.

  • The period for which the taxpayer desires that the APA should apply, including any request for rollback.

  • A functional analysis of the parties and transactions to be covered by the APA.

  • The reason why the taxpayer feels an APA is appropriate for these particular transactions.

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

23


Apa procedures steps compliance possible issues and solutions 3

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutions(3)

APA in Italy

  • The procedure ends up, possibly but not mandatorily, with a 3 years binding agreement between the taxpayer and the Italian tax authorities which sets out the criteria and methods for calculating the normal value of the transactions to which the application refers to, or, in other cases, the criteria for application of the concerned legislation.

  • During the 3 years period the International Ruling Office verifies that the terms of the agreement are complied with and also ascertains whether any changes have occurred to the de facto or de jure conditions which constitute the assumptions on which the clauses of the agreement are based. This activity is carried out also by means of one or more agreed visits to the premises where the enterprise carries on business.

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

24


Apa procedures steps compliance possible issues and solutions apa in italy inputs from statistics 4

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutionsAPA in Italy – inputs from statistics (4)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

25


10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutionsAPA in Italy – inputs from statistics (5)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

26


10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutionsAPA in Italy – inputs from statistics (5)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

27


10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutionsAPA in Italy – inputs from statistics (6)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

28


10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutionsAPA in Italy – inputs from statistics (7)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

29


10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutionsAPA in Italy – inputs from statistics (8)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

30


10th anniversary of the chamber of tax advisers of russia

APA. Procedures, steps, compliance, possible issues and solutionsAPA in Italy – inputs from statistics (9)

Moscow - Transfer pricing - 3 February 2012 - Carlo Romano - [email protected]

31


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