Chapter 11 the civil war
Download
1 / 41

Chapter 11: The Civil War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 217 Views
  • Updated On :

Chapter 11: The Civil War. Section 1: The Civil War Begins. Anaconda Plan. Blockade Southern ports – no exporting cotton or importing manufactured goods. Split Confederacy in 2 by using the Mississippi River Capture Richmond, VA. Bull Run. Inexperienced generals Stonewall Jackson

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 11: The Civil War' - chilton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Anaconda plan l.jpg
Anaconda Plan

  • Blockade Southern ports – no exporting cotton or importing manufactured goods

  • Split Confederacy in 2 by using the Mississippi River

  • Capture Richmond, VA


Bull run l.jpg
Bull Run

  • Inexperienced generals

  • Stonewall Jackson

  • Union had upper hand until Confederate reinforcement arrived

  • Union retreated

  • Led to confidence in the South


Important union generals l.jpg
Important Union Generals

  • George McClellan (Head General)

    • Very cautious

    • Perfect situations

    • Lincoln wanted to “borrow McClellan’s army if the general wasn’t going to use it.”

  • Ulysses S. Grant – “Unconditional Surrender” Grant

    • Fort Henry & Donelson

    • Shiloh

  • David Farragut

    • Seized New Orleans (largest seaport)


Important confederate generals l.jpg
Important Confederate Generals

  • Robert E. Lee – lead General

    • Opposed secession and freed his slaves


Shiloh l.jpg
Shiloh

  • Grants mistakes

    • No trenches, guards or patrols

  • Caught off guard: Confederates came by woods

  • Union was losing – Grant recouped & was reinforced

  • South retreated

  • Over 25,000 casualties

  • Effects on warfare: scout the area, did trenched & build forts


On to richmond l.jpg
“On to Richmond!”

  • Known as the “Seven Days’ Battle”

  • McClellan marched down the Potomac River on the way to Richmond

  • Robert E. Lee moved against McClellan to save Richmond

  • Tactics unnerved McClellan who backed away


Antietam l.jpg
Antietam

  • McClellan’s Army found Lee’s army order in a meadow

    • Revealed that Lee and Jackson’s army were separated

  • September 17, 1862

  • McClellan attacked Lee

    • Lee retreated

  • McClellan did not pursue because he was too cautious

  • Bloodiest battle in the war 26,000

  • McClellan was fired 11/7/1862



Britain remains neutral l.jpg
Britain Remains Neutral

  • No longer depended on South for cotton rather on the North for wheat and corn

  • Traded ships with South

    • At wars end, the US believed Britain owed money for ships sunk

  • 1861 – South sent 2 diplomats on a 2nd attempt to gain British support -- diplomats were arrested

  • Britain demanded their freedom

  • US did – why?


Emancipation proclamation l.jpg
Emancipation Proclamation

  • Lincoln believed the federal government did not have the power to abolish slavery where it already existed

    GOAL: SAVE THE UNION


Slide15 l.jpg

“If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all slaves, I would do it; and if I could do it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that…”


Emancipation proclamation16 l.jpg
Emancipation Proclamation would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • All slaves behind Confederate lines where free

  • Did not apply to Union states where slavery was legal

  • Freed blacks were able to enlist in the Union Army

  • Symbolic gesture – Fight to free slaves

  • Reaction:

    • Democrats claimed it would anger the south – it did

    • Became a war to the death


Problems faced l.jpg
Problems Faced would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Disloyalty and dissent

  • Habeas corpus was suspended

  • Copperheads

  • Conscription - draft

    • South:

      • white men ages 17 – 50

      • “Rich man’s war, poor man’s fight”

    • North

      • Men from 20 – 45 for three years

      • Hire substitutes or page $300 to avoid draft

      • Offer of bounties


New york draft riots l.jpg
New York Draft Riots would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • The poor were in slums with disease

  • Drafted to fight and free slave = slaves taking their jobs

  • 2/3 were Irish

  • Lynched 11

  • Ruined homes

    & draft offices


Section 3 life during wartime l.jpg

Section 3: Life During Wartime would do it; and if I could save it by freeing


African americans l.jpg
African-Americans would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • 1862 – serve in the military

  • 10% of the Union Army

  • Earned less then white soldiers – then equal

  • Killed if caught

  • Many left for North

  • Sabotaged farms or led uprisings


Southern economy l.jpg
Southern Economy would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Soldiers faced food shortage

    • Drain of manpower into the army

    • Union occupation of farms

    • Loss of slaves

  • Blockade created shortages of salt, coffee, nails, sugar, needles and medicine


Northern economy l.jpg
Northern Economy would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Industry boomed to keep up with war demand

  • Wages were NOT good

  • Women replaced men in the workforce

  • Established temporary national income tax


Soldiers l.jpg
Soldiers would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Hygiene was poor

    • Lice, dysentery and diarrhea

  • Poor food rations


Prisons l.jpg
Prisons would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Andersonville, GA – Confederate camp

    • Overcrowded with the North refused to return African-American soldiers

    • No shelter

    • Drank from streams/sewer

  • Henry Wirz – camp commander

  • Northern camps were cold and soldiers malnourished


Section 4 the north takes charge l.jpg

Section 4: The North Takes Charge would do it; and if I could save it by freeing


The road to gettysburg l.jpg
The Road to Gettysburg would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • South had been successful at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville

  • “Stonewall” Jackson shot and later died

  • South invaded the North

    • Looking for

      supplies

    • Shoe factory in

      Gettysburg


Gettysburg l.jpg
Gettysburg would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Most decisive battle of the war

  • Union troops took defensive position

  • Lead by Gen. George Meade


Gettysburg28 l.jpg
Gettysburg would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • 3-day battle

  • 51,000 casualties

  • South would never recover


Vicksburg l.jpg
Vicksburg would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Confederate soldiers were desperate

  • Surrendered to Grant on July 4

  • Union had complete control of the Mississippi


Gettysburg address l.jpg
Gettysburg Address would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Dedication to cemetery

  • Delivered by Lincoln

  • Helped people realize the US is a country, not a collection of states


Southern morale l.jpg
Southern Morale would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Farmers resented tax

  • Soldiers deserted

    • Some fought for Union

  • Fighting within government


Changes in us army l.jpg
Changes in US Army would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Gen. Grant becomes commander of Union Army

  • Sherman commands the Mississippi

  • Total war – Military and civilians

    • Made weapons, transported goods & grew food

    • Destroy the will of the people = destroy the Confederacy


Grant lee in va l.jpg
Grant & Lee in VA would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Grant continued to attack Lee

  • North had the advantage because it has more people to replace the dead

  • “Whatever happens, there will be no turning back”


Sherman s march l.jpg
Sherman’s March would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Sherman wanted to take out transportation in Atlanta

  • He was surrounded by Confederate army

  • Led path of destruction and lived off of the land

  • Burned most of Atlanta

  • Southerners would be “so sick of war that generations would pass away before they would again appeal to it.”


Slide35 l.jpg

  • Followed by 25,000 slaves would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Continued through SC

  • In NC, gave food and supplies

    • the end was near


Election of 1864 l.jpg
Election of 1864 would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Democrats elected McClellan

    • Angry at length of war

    • Bitter for being fired

    • Promise immediate armistice

  • Radical Republicans did not support Lincoln’s plans to readmit the Confederates


Election of 186437 l.jpg
Election of 1864 would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Lincoln – “I’m going to be beaten…unless some changes take place…”

  • Lincoln won with 55%


Surrender at appomattox l.jpg
Surrender at Appomattox would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Davis abandoned and burned capital

  • Lee surrendered to Grant

  • Generous terms for readmittance into the Union


Section 5 the legacy of the war l.jpg

Section 5: The Legacy of the War would do it; and if I could save it by freeing


Changes l.jpg
Changes would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • Increased federal governments political power

  • Economic gap between N & S


Cost of war l.jpg
Cost of War would do it; and if I could save it by freeing

  • 620,000 died

  • 535,000 wounded

  • 1 soldier killed for every 4 slaves freed

  • Many amputees

  • $20 Billion


ad