Marine chemist association july 18 2013
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Marine Chemist Association July 18, 2013. Amy Wangdahl, CSP Director, Office of Maritime and Agriculture Occupational Safety & Health Administration. Agenda. Enforcement Update Hot Issues Standards and Guidance I2P2 Game. Enforcement Update. OSHA Staff (Federal)2,305 (2012)

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Marine Chemist Association July 18, 2013

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Marine chemist association july 18 2013

Marine Chemist AssociationJuly 18, 2013

Amy Wangdahl, CSP

Director, Office of Maritime and Agriculture

Occupational Safety & Health Administration


Agenda

Agenda

Enforcement Update

Hot Issues

Standards and Guidance

I2P2 Game


Enforcement update

Enforcement Update

  • OSHA Staff (Federal)2,305 (2012)

    • Regional Offices10

    • Local Area Offices90

    • CSHOS~ 865

    • Consultation~ 150

  • Workers130 million

  • Worksites8 million


Fy 2009 fy 2013 inspections conducted

FY 2009 – FY 2013Inspections Conducted

As of

July 5 2013


Fy 2009 fy 2013 programmed vs unprogrammed

FY 2009 – FY 2013% Programmed vs. % Unprogrammed


Fy 2009 fy 2013 complaint inspections

FY 2009 – FY 2013% Complaint Inspections


Fy 2009 fy 2013 inspections in compliance

FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Inspections In-Compliance


Fy 2009 fy 2013 total violations issued

FY 2009 – FY 2013Total Violations Issued


Fy 2009 fy 2013 total violations issued as serious

FY 2009 – FY 2013% Total Violations Issued As Serious


Fy 2009 fy 2013 total violations issued as serious willful repeat unclass

FY 2009 – FY 2013% Total Violations Issued As Serious, Willful, Repeat, & Unclass


Fy 2009 fy 2013 nic inspections with only other than serious violations cited

FY 2009 – FY 2013 % NIC Inspections With Only Other-Than-Serious Violations Cited


Fy 2009 fy 2013 inspections with violations contested

FY 2009 – FY 2013 % Inspections With Violations Contested


Fy 2009 fy 2013 average current penalty per serious violation

FY 2009 – FY 2013Average Current Penalty Per Serious Violation


Fy 2009 fy 2013 construction inspections

FY 2009 – FY 2013% Construction Inspections


Fy 2009 fy 2013 significant cases

FY 2009 – FY 2013Significant Cases

.

* FY’11 – FY’13 figures include cases under OSHA’s revised significant case procedures and new

penalty system.


Fy 2009 fy 2013 egregious cases

  • Employer had knowledge of hazard

  • Made no reasonable effort to eliminate the hazard

  • One of these factors:

    • Fatality or large number of injuries

    • High rates of injuries/illnesses over time

    • Extensive history of prior violations

    • Employer conduct = bad faith

FY 2009 – FY 2013Egregious Cases


Fy 2009 fy 2013 fatality investigations

FY 2009 – FY 2013Fatality Investigations


Maritime fatalities fy 2013

Maritime Fatalities – FY 2013

  • FY 2013 – 7 fatalities reported

    • 4 – Longshoring

      • Fall from scaffold

      • Drowning

      • Worker caught between 2 steel beams

      • Worker crushed by crane


Fatalities fy 2012

Fatalities – FY 2012

  • Shipyards - 6

    • Fall from deck of yacht to concrete dock

    • Natural causes (2)

    • Struck by pressurized sand blast pot lid

    • Shipbreaking – struck by section of rake

    • Crushed by falling load of steel plates

  • Longshoring - 6

    • Caught between mast and overhead of forklift

    • Run over by forklift

    • Crushed by falling container

    • Struck by steel roll pins

    • Struck by moving crane

    • Fall from suspended platform


Fy 2013 top 10 most cited standards

FY 2013Top 10 Most Cited Standards

General Industry

  • Hazard Communication

  • Electrical, Wiring Methods

  • Lockout/Tagout

  • Respiratory Protection

  • Powered Industrial Trucks

  • Machine Guarding

  • Electrical, General Requirements

  • Bloodborne Pathogens

  • Personal Protective Equipment

  • Guarding Floor & Wall Openings

Construction

  • Fall Protection

  • Scaffolding

  • Ladders

  • Fall Protection, Training Requirements

  • Hazard Communication

  • Head Protection

  • Eye & Face Protection

  • Excavation Requirements

  • Aerial Lifts

  • Safety & Health Provisions


Fy 2013 top 10 most cited standards for maritime industry

FY 2013Top 10 Most Cited Standards For Maritime Industry)

  • Respiratory Protection

  • Hazard Communication

  • Electrical, Wiring Methods

  • Electrical, General Requirements

  • Electrical, Wiring Design & Protection

  • Powered Industrial Trucks

  • First Aid & Lifesaving Facilities

  • Abrasive Wheel Machinery

  • Machine Guarding

  • Cranes & Derricks


Fy 2013 top standards with the most willful violations cited

FY 2013Top Standards WithThe Most Willful Violations Cited

  • Fall Protection

  • Excavation

  • General Duty Clause

  • Machine Guarding


Maritime steering committee

Maritime Steering Committee

Meets in conjunction with MACOSH to discuss maritime industry and OSHA maritime concerns

Members:

  • National Office

  • Training Institute

  • Salt Lake City Technical Center

    Regional Representatives:

    • Region 1 Katie NishimuraRegion 2 Kevin Sullivan

    • Region 3 Angelo Costa Region 4 John Vos

    • Region 5 Bill Donovan Region 6 David Doucet

    • Region 7 Brian Drake Region 8 (No Maritime)

    • Region 9 Jack Reich Region 10 Randy White


Maritime directives

Maritime Directives

  • Shipyard Employment (“Tool Bag”) Directive - 2006 ***

  • Longshoring/Marine Terminal (“Tool Shed”) Directive - 2012

  • Authority Over Vessels/Facilities on or Adjacent to US Navigable Waters/Outer Continental Shelf (“Jurisdiction”) Directive – 2010

  • Maritime Cargo Gear Regulations/1919 Certification Directive – 2003 ***

  • Subpart T – Commercial Diving Operations - 2011

  • Subpart B – Confined/Enclosed Spaces and Other DangerousAtmospheres in Shipyard Employment – 2010

  • Subpart I – Enforcement Guidance for PPE in Shipyards - 2011

  • OSHA Field Operations Manual (FOM) - Chapter 10 Maritime - 2011

  • National Emphasis Program (NEP) on Shipbreaking - 2010

    ***Currently Updating


Hot issues

Hot Issues

  • Workplace Violence

    • As of 2/28/13 – six citations (5(a)(1)) have been issued in health care and social services setting

    • One to correctional facility

    • Four to night retail establishments

    • 12 Hazard Alert Letters

  • Health Hazards

    • Methylene Chloride – bathtub refinishers

    • Diesel exhaust

    • Silica during hydraulic fracturing


Hot issues1

Hot Issues

  • Heat campaign

    • Raise awareness of hazards of working outdoors in hot weather

    • Directive issued in July 2012 to expedite inspections and citation issuance

    • Region 6 (Dallas) has LEP

    • Conducted 140 heat related inspections

  • Temporary Workers

    • Reports of temporary workers killed 1irst day on the job

    • Training was inadequate

    • OSHA will continue to ensure these workers are protected using enforcement, outreach and training


Dsg update

DSG Update

MACOSH

Regulatory Agenda

Guidance Documents


Macosh

MACOSH

  • Last meeting of 2010-2012 Charter – July 2012 – Seattle, WA

  • Request for Nominations – August, 2012

  • Notice of Reestablishment of Charter – April, 2013

  • Previous Charter Accomplishments:

    • Shipyard Workgroup – 8 recommendations

    • Longshore Workgroup – 13 recommendations


Regulatory agenda update

Regulatory Agenda Update

Published July 3, 2013

  • Final Rules

  • Items Nearing Proposal

  • New Major Initiatives

  • Recently Completed Actions


Final rules

Final Rules

  • Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution (Subpart V)

    • 1910 and 1926 standards will be the same

    • Most industries already in compliance with proposal

    • Several new provisions increase protection for electrical power workers

    • Expected to publish July 2013

  • Walking Working Surfaces and Personal Fall Protection (Subparts D&I)

    • Updates standards for slips, trips and fall and establishes requirements for personal fall protection systems

    • Expected to publish November 2013

  • Vertical Tandem Lifts (Remand)

    • Two provisions not being enforced, court ordered remand

    • New date of April 2014


Items nearing proposal

Items Nearing Proposal

  • Silica – NPRM anticipated in July 2013

  • Beryllium – NPRM anticipated in October 2013

  • Revocation of Periodic Records – NPRM/DFR anticipated in July 2013

    • This rule will revoke requirements for employers to prepare and maintain periodic records certifying that the employer performed the required tests and inspections on machinery


Other major initiatives

Other Major Initiatives

  • Combustible Dust

  • Injury and Illness Prevention Program

  • Infectious Diseases

  • Review/Lookback of OSHA Chemical Management Standards

  • Process Safety Management and Flammable Liquids


Combustible dust

Combustible Dust

  • Purpose: To address combustible dust hazards through a comprehensive standard

  • ANPRM published in 2009, stakeholder meetings in 2009 and 2010; Expert Forum held 2011

  • Current regulatory initiatives:

    • Regulatory alternatives under development

    • Economic impacts being assessed

  • Next Step: Initiate SBREFA

  • Concurrent guidance initiatives


Injury illness prevention program

Injury & Illness Prevention Program

  • Purpose:

    • Protect worker safety and health by requiring employers to implement an injury and illness prevention program

    • Six core elements: Management leadership, Worker Participation, Hazard Identification, hazard prevention and control, education and training, and Program evaluation and improvement

  • 2010 – Series of stakeholder meeting held

  • SBREFA

  • Next Steps:

    • Complete the SBREFA process

    • Publish Proposed Rule


Infectious diseases

Infectious Diseases

  • Purpose:

    • Protect workers in health care and high-risk environments from infectious disease hazards

    • TB, chicken pox/shingles, measles and emerging diseases such as SARS and pandemic flu

  • Published RFI in May 2010

  • Next Steps:

    • Initiate SBREFA


Review lookback of osha chemical management standards

Review/Lookback of OSHA Chemical Management Standards

  • Purposes:

    1) explore ways to more efficiently update PELs,

    2) explore non-PEL options for managing exposure to chemicals,

    3) inform stakeholders & public of regulatory and legal framework in which OSHA must operate

  • Next Steps:

    • Publish RFI


Process safety management and flammable liquids

Process Safety Management and Flammable Liquids

  • Purpose:

    • Consider the revision of the Process Safety Management standard to address gaps in safety coverage or an update of the Flammable Liquids and Spray Finishing standards based on the latest consensus standards

  • Next Steps:

    • Publish RFI


Recently completed actions

Recently Completed Actions

  • Hazard Communication/GHS

  • Consensus Standards Updates – Signage

  • Consensus Standards Updates – PPE-Head Protection

  • Consensus Standards Updates – Acetylene


Hazard communication 2012

Hazard Communication 2012

  • Final Rule published in the Federal Register on March 26th, 2012

  • Hazard Communication website provides additional information, guidance materials:

    http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/index.html


Consensus standard update head protection

Consensus Standard Update – Head Protection

  • Updates consensus standards referenced in OSHA Head Protection Standards

  • Significant Z89.1 changes – permits additional testing for:

    • Hard hats worn backwards

    • Helmets at colder temperatures

    • For high visibility coloring of helmets

  • DFR published November 16, 2012


Consensus standard update signage

Consensus Standard Update - Signage

  • Updates the reference to the version of consensus standards (1967 version of ANSI Z53.1 Safety Code for Marking Physical Hazards and the Identification of Certain Equipment; 1968 version of ANSI Z53.1 Specification for Accident Prevention Signs) included in three OSHA standards (1910.97, Nonionizing radiation; 1910.145, Specifications for accident prevention signs and tags; and 1910.261, Pulp, paper, and paper-board mills).

    • NPRM/DFR published June 13, 2013

    • NPRM comment period ends July 15, 2013

    • Direct Final Rule effective September 11, 2013


Standards improvement project iv

Standards Improvement Project IV

  • PURPOSE:

    • Eliminate unnecessary paperwork

    • Clarify or eliminate unnecessary employer duties

    • Update standards and eliminate inconsistencies or duplication

    • Miscellaneous revisions

  • RFI published December, 2012


Guidance documents

Guidance Documents

Shipyard

Longshoring/Marine Terminals

Soon to be completed


Shipyard guidance products

Shipyard Guidance Products

All online – not printed yet ***

  • Eye Protection Against Radiant Energy (Spanish translation)

  • Working Alone in Shipyards (Fact Sheet)

  • Hot Work on Hollow or Enclosed Structures in Shipyard Employment (Quick Card & Fact Sheet)

  • Ventilation in Shipyard Employment

  • Guidelines for Safe Entry and Cleaning of Vessel Sewage Tanks (Fact Sheet)


Longshore marine terminals guidance products

Longshore /Marine Terminals Guidance Products

  • Mechanics Working in the Yard during Marine Terminal Operations (Quick Card)

  • Mechanics Working on Power Equipment in the Yard in Marine Terminals (Quick Card & Fact Sheet)

  • Freeing Inoperable Semi Freeing Inoperable Semi-Automatic Twist Locks (SATLs)

  • Working Safely on the Apron or Highline during Marine Terminal Operations (Quick Card)

  • Servicing Multi-piece and Single-piece Wheel Rims (Quick Card)

  • Top and Side Handler Safety (Quick Card)

  • The Safety of Intermodal Containers Repair (Fact Sheet)


Guidance documents coming soon

Guidance DocumentsComing Soon….

Shipyards:

  • Electrical SHIPS

  • Shipyard eToolUpdate

  • Shipyard Digest

  • Safe Lighting Practices in Shipyard Employment (Quick Card)

  • Hazard Communication in Maritime (Fact Sheet)

Longshoring:

  • Single-Piece and Multi-Piece Rim Wheels (Fact sheet)

  • Dock Rail Safety (Fact Sheet)

  • Hot Work on Hollow and Enclosed Structures (Fact Sheet)

  • Recovery of Person in the Water (Guidance Document)

  • Log Handling Operations (Guidance Document)

  • Longshore Digest


Hazard identification training tool

Hazard Identification Training Tool


Why simulation based training

Why Simulation Based Training?

Well-designed simulation or game-based learning applications work because they leverage many known principles of active learning environments.

  • Motivation: Structures of engagement from game design ensure learners stay motivated throughout the learning experience.

  • Retrieval: Learners are asked to use knowledge immediately, cementing each new idea through application.

  • Goal-directed practice: Knowledge and skills are reinforced through focused, relevant practice.

  • Targeted feedback: Actionable feedback is provided so that learners can make meaningful progress with each round of practice.


Purpose

Purpose

Help users understand key elements of the hazard identification process.

  • Collect information

  • Observe/inspect workplace

  • Investigate incidents

  • Involve workers

  • Prioritize hazards*

    Apply the elements together to identify hazards.


Learning goals

Learning Goals

  • Help employers get better at identifying hazards in their workplaces.

  • Understand the importance of Hazard Identification as a key to good business and protecting workers.

  • Point to OSHA resources

    • Website

    • Pamphlets

    • Consulting group


Scenarios

Scenarios

  • Construction

  • Manufacturing

    • Owner

    • Worker

  • OSHA Training Institute

    • Saw

    • Mixer

    • Scaffolding

    • Fall Protection


Main scenarios

Construction

Main Scenarios

Manufacturing

Parts Manufacturing

20 weeks

75-90 hazards

15 workers

14 pieces of equipment

  • Small Store

  • 30 days

  • 3 Phases

  • 40-50 hazards/phase

  • ~10 worker/phase


Scoring

Scoring

Make as much money as possible & keep workers safe

Time:

Used to complete actions in the game.

Can be converted to profit.

Profit:

  • Earned based on your remaining time.

  • Can be used to fix hazards.

Safety Culture

Completing safety related actions each turn increases your safety culture score.


Hazard occurrence

HazardOccurrence

  • Random hazards occur in a set number at the start of each game.

  • Hazards can cause accidents until they are controlled even if they haven’t been discovered.

  • Since some mitigations lose effectiveness over time some hazards will recur after they have been controlled.


Incidents

Incidents

  • Incidents are chosen probabilistically between turns, based on the number and type of unmitigated hazards that exist in the scenario.

  • Incidents automatically cost the player a certain amount of money (referencing the Safety Pays program).

  • A description of the incident is given, along with a chance to conduct an investigation.


Manufacturing worker

Manufacturing: Worker

  • Member of a Safety Committee:

  • 10 actions to find as many hazards as possible in one area of the Manufacturing Facility

  • Talk to co-workers

  • Inspect area/equipment

  • Search “paper” resources


Mini games

Mini Games

Four Equipment Inspection Games


Mini games1

MiniGames

  • The goal is to identify as many hazards as possible.

  • Focus is on specific hazards as opposed to the larger hazard identification process seen in the main game.

  • Observe

    • Animated: watch the worker complete an action

  • Inspect

    • Rotate the equipment 360 to identify hazards

  • Involve Worker

    • Talk to the employee


Marine chemist association july 18 2013

Demo

http://www.etceteraedutainment.com/demo/hazid/


Questions discussion

Questions & Discussion


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