Neanderthal and Emergence of Mind What it means to be Human. Readings: Scarre Chapter 1, Also: pages 55,59,74-75, and Chapter 4. 6 million years of human development in one class period. Comparative morphology Bipedalism Neanderthal evolution Dating technology.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Paradigms of imagery: what is a Neanderthal?
Humanity: What is it?Key topics
Craniometrics: skull development
Humans do not descend from chimps, but we are distant cousins with an ancient common primate ancestor.Comparative morphology
The issue of bipedal locomotion.
In the old model: human ancestors evolved large brains, invented tools, then became bipedal as they came to depend on tools…the “smart ape hypothesis.”
Considerable evidence supports the hypothesis that bipedalism was well established 4.6 million years ago, before tools and large brains… upright ape hypothesis”
4 million years ago.
Found in various parts of Africa, and are grouped under the name Oldowan pebble tools, given them by the Leakeys in 1931.
Lower Pleistocene (2 to 1 m.y.a.): Australopithecus and early Homo
Middle Pleistocene (1 m.y.a. to 130,000 B.P.): Homo erectus and archaic Homo sapiens
Upper Pleistocene (130,000 to 10,000 B.P.): modern Homo sapiens
C14 human life.
Relative datingDating technologies
Direct line model. human life.
No longer considered valid.
H. sapien sapiens
H. sapiens (archaic)
Australopithicus (all species)
Branching tree model. human life.
H. Sapiens sapiens
H. Sapiens (archaic)
H. Florensis (“hobbits”)
A human life.
Cousin, no overlap
Not close enough to be same species, overlap
Archaic human life.
Key elements of cranial morphology human life.
(minus lower jaw)
Neanderthal as frat boy run amok. human life.
Brutish behavior considered Neanderthal.
Skeletal remains of child with Neanderthal traits, Portugal, 30,000 years old.
Neanderthal (?) child 30,000 years old.