South Asia
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South Asia. Colonization. British colonized India to get access to their cotton goods, spices, silk & indigo (a plant from which blue dye is made). Sepoy/Indian Rebellion 1857. 1 st Indian War for independence from British

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South Asia

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South asia

South Asia



  • British colonized India to get access to their cotton goods, spices, silk & indigo (a plant from which blue dye is made).

Sepoy indian rebellion 1857

Sepoy/Indian Rebellion 1857

  • 1st Indian War for independence from British

  • Indians angered by British imposing British laws & customs, outlawing many traditional Indian customs.

  • Rebellion united the Indians together.

Indian soldier facing execution for protesting the new use of the new rifles smeared with beef & pork grease. Photo from the movie ”MANGAL PANDEY: THE RISING”

Gandhi 1869 1948 independence

Gandhi (1869-1948) & Independence

  • Urged Indians to be peaceful use non-violent resistance .

  • Gandhi & others imprisoned multiple times for protesting.

  • 1947 India gained independence from England.

  • Amazing! A powerful nation (England) defeated by a peaceful revolution.

    Gandhi Bio Video

India pakistan partition

India/Pakistan Partition

  • When the British left, they divided India into 2 parts:

    • Pakistan: Muslim

    • India: Hindu

  • Fighting began over this new border & the “Kashmir region”.

  • Gandhi (78 yrs!) – 5 day hunger strike, stopped the fighting.

  • 12 days later, a Hindu man, who disagreed with Gandhi's ideas of peace & tolerance for ALL, shot & killed Gandhi.

South asia

The Indian Caste System

Hinduism see religions notes from 1 st semester

World’s oldest religion.

More than just a philosophy, is a way of life.

Hinduism has no founder , no single set of beliefs, no basic religious text (not bound by a single doctrine).

Hinduism see religions notes from 1st semester

Sikhism see religions notes from 1 st semester for detailed information

Sikhismsee “Religions” notes from 1st semester for detailed information

  • Sikhism combines the Muslim belief in one god with the Hindu belief in karma & reincarnation.

  • A fast growing religion found in India.

South asia

Ganges River

For Hindus…

  • Holy river

  • Expected to bathe in this river at least once in your lifetime.

  • washes away your sins.

South asia


ताज महल

Built by the ruler Shah Jahan in the 17th Century as a tomb for his wife.

South asia

India’s “Green Revolution”


  • GOAL  make India self-sufficient in food grains.

  • Introduced modern science, technology, fertilizers & irrigation methods to help farmers triple their crops

South asia

  • Use of high yielding varieties (HYV) of seeds

  • Irrigation

  • Use of insecticides and pesticides

  • Consolidation of holdings

  • Land reforms

  • Improved rural infrastructure

  • Supply of agricultural credit

  • Use of (chemical) fertilizers

  • Use of Sprinklers or Drip Irrigation

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