T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills
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T utoring methods to improve Reading C omprehension Skills . María Alejandra Torres Jiménez Sara Inés Zuluaga Cano GI School 2012. Introduction . I ncrease reading Comprehension levels : Tutoring Didactic Workshops Applied at GI School Second grade students

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T utoring methods to improve Reading C omprehension Skills

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T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Tutoring methods to improve Reading Comprehension Skills

María Alejandra Torres Jiménez

Sara Inés Zuluaga Cano

GI School

2012


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Introduction

  • Increase reading Comprehension levels : Tutoring

  • Didactic Workshops

  • Applied at GI School Second grade students

  • Strengthen the reading Comprehension skills improving the areas that requires this ability.

  • Educational Scheme: Involves English and Spanish

  • High understanding and interpretation aptitudes


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Justification

  • Students’ situation:

  • Difficulties with reading understanding

  • Struggles with pronunciation

  • Troubles with subjects that involve reading skills

  • Motives:

  • Reinforce reading skills promoting better communication competences

  • Guide students to become leaders of the community

  • Enhance reading habits in students

  • Encourage reading techniques to rise the reading comprehension skills.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

“ The mission of the GI School is to form well- rounded successful leaders who communicate effectively and confidently on a universal level "


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Relation

(Mission)

  • Form well-rounded successful leaders by providing the students with competent speaking and reading skills.

  • Encourage English communication abilities to form leaders who communicate efficiently with the world.

  • Guide students to become leaders of the society by promoting social responsibility and respect for the school.

  • Pursue new manners of communication or languages to communicate efficiently with the world.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

“ In the year 2020 we will be a community that educates for life through innovative and interactive methods that motivate learning. "


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Relation

(Vision)

  • Generate didactic and methodological ways of learning reading comprehension skills.

  • Endorse tutoring methods among students to establish interactive methods that encourage learning.

  • Tutor students with reading and interpretation skills to motivate reading habits, educating for life not just for class.

  • Make students understand that there are many ways to learn and develop their potential without the teaching being tiresome or demanding.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Research Question

  • Which reading strategies to strengthen reading comprehension skills are more useful and promising, so the students learn how to interpret and understand successfully the academic texts?

  • How could school continue using this program in the future?


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Objectives

  • General objective:

  • Generate several learning strategies like workshops and tutoring to enhance the reading comprehension abilities in the students who show difficulties with the development of this skill.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Specific objective:

  • Identify the students with major difficulties

  • Select and apply the workshops and activities

  • Integrate the National Honor Society students as tutors

  • Encourageservicetotheschoolcommunity bythe Honor Society students.

  • Endorse the use of reading techniques for a bettercomprehension.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Hipothesis

If we execute the different activities with the second grade students of GI School during the tutoring sessions, their reading comprehension and speaking skills will improve substantially.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

TheoreticalFramework

  • Conceptual Framework:

  • Reading Comprehension

  • Refers to the last objective of the reader process, taking into account the previous knowledge and the interaction with the elements of the reading.

  • Learning Strategies:

  • Refers to the operations or mental activities that simplify the learning processes.

  • Didactic:

  • It is a pedagogy element that supports the progessive learning of habits and techniques of students formation and growth.

  • Learning:

  • One of the essential mechanisms of development of life.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Didactic Game:

  • Participative technique of educationestablish to improve the acquisition of knowledge and the enlargement of skills.

  • Theoric Framework:

  • Reading Comprehension as cognitive process:

  • Levels of comprehension of a writing.

  • K. Goodman Model:

  • Through cycles and strategiesbuild up systemsthatmakes it easy tounderstand the readings.

  • Beginning of the reading comprehension:

  • Basic ideas that guide the development of reading comprehension.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Referential Framework:

  • H. Isenberg textual model

  • Eightaspects a textmusthave to be consider in that category.

  • T. Van Dijk textual model

  • A text is more than a sequence of phrases; it has levels and dimensions.

  • F. Smith Model

  • Reading is not only a visual activity;itinvolves visual and non-visual information.

  • Factorsimply in reading comprehension:

  • Sketch of the variables related with the reading comprehension


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Field Work

  • First contact with the students


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Diagnostic Session:

  • Student selection: - Two tests

  • 1. Executed by the GI School

  • 2. Performance study

  • Analyze weakest areas of the students to reinforce

  • Interview some of the studentswhowerepart of the preceding project.

  • Apply a systematicobservationon the reading behaviors of the students.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Insertar video de la entrevista


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • First Session:

  • Beginning of the tutoring period.

  • The researchers had to begin with four students because the total selected students didn’t show up.

  • Each of the National Honor Society students who were involved acted as asupporter for onesecondgrader.

  • The activity was develop as it was planned.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Second Session:

  • The assistance of the group increased a little.

  • First group: reading of “Jack and Lily´s Favorite Food”

  • Second Group: SoundPractice for consonants F,G,H,I,J and SH compound.

  • The activities were successfully executed.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Third Session:

  • The reading process of some students wasslowed downdue to lack of assistance.

  • First group: reading of “When is Nighttime”,

  • Second Group:

  • SoundPractice consonants K to O and TH compound were scheduled.

  • changed for a review of the previous concepts.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Fourth Session:

  • Lack of assistance was consider a threat for the develop of the project.

  • Two tutors wereassigned per kiddue to the reduced group of secondgraders.

  • First group: reading of “Feelings”

  • Second Group: SoundPractice consonants from P to Z.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Fifth Session:

  • Thanks to the homeroomteacher‘s help, the assistance increased

  • First group: reading of “What is at the Zoo”

  • - two additional workshops were included in this session to motivate students with artistic activities.

  • Second Group: Review of the consonants workshops


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Sixth Session:

  • Application period was extended due to the lack of assistance.

  • First group: reading of “Making Salsa”

  • Second Group: First application examination (individually)


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Seventh Session:

  • Uniform and successfuldevelopmentof the workshops

  • First group: reading of “What do I Wear”

  • Second Group: First reading activity

  • - " Sam and the Sap" and “Consonant S"


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Eighth Session:

  • Assistance was an alarm, but then the students arrived; they were just late.

  • First group: reading of “We make a Snowman”

  • Second Group: Reading activity

  • " Don and Dots" and "Consonant D"


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Ninth Session:

  • To this session all the second grade students attended the tutoring.

  • First group: reading of “Tools” ,consequent workshops

  • Second Group: Reading activity

  • " Red Hen and Rod Rat" and "Consonant R"


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Tenth Session:

  • More than half of the participating students arrived on time for the tenth session.

  • First group: reading of “What I Want,” consequent workshops

  • Second Group: Reading activity

  • " Crazy Cat" and "Consonant C"


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Final Diagnose Session:

  • It wasdevelopafter the return of the students from Christmas vacations.

  • First group: reading of “What Do you See” , Level D

  • Second Group: Reading of “ I Can Be”, Level C

  • Both diagnoses were one level above the one the group was working with.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Product

  • Better Comprehension skills in the second grade students

  • Encouragement of reading habits in youngkids.

  • Tutoring of reading techniques and interpretation methods

  • Changes in the ways students approach and analyze a text.

  • Development of confidence in students to answer reading questions.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Conclusion

  • The tutoring sessions were advantageous for the reinforcement of reading comprehension skills.

  • The reading techniques the students learned provided them with more confidence to answer questions.

  • The resultswould be higherif the tutoringprogramwasdevelopedduring a larger period of time.

  • The tutoring program is useful for any grade or reading level .


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Comparative chart


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • The workshops and tutoring program were qualified as reinforcement for reading comprehension skills.

  • The pedagogy strategies and activities fulfilled the main objective.

  • Theactivities before, during and after the reading facilitated the reading comprehension and interpretation skills.

  • The active participation of the tutors enabled the satisfactory development of the project .


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Future applications

  • Weaknesses:

  • First time tutoring

  • Short application period of time

  • Lack of analysis of the learning process

  • Opportunities:

  • Didactic material

  • Help from an English teacher

  • Develop in a low grade


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

  • Strengths:

  • Wide English knowledge

  • Continue with thestudents who wereworkingduring this application.

  • The selection of ansmall and well-behavegroup.

  • The involvement in the application process.

  • Threats:

  • Extra-classesschedule

  • Participating students assistance

  • Parents and teachers support

  • Extension of the applicationprocess


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Bibliography

Beltrán, J. 1996. Procesos, estrategias y técnicas de aprendizaje. Madrid. En Estrategias de aprendizaje. Pg. 5-7. Reynoso, E. [Versión Digital (PDF)].

Camargo, Z y Uribe, G y Caro, M. (2009). Modelos de comprensión y producción textual. En didáctica de la comprensión y producción de textos académicos. 3.1.3.2.1. Pg.129. Armenia, Quindío.

Camargo, Z y Uribe, G y Caro, M. (2009).Una aproximación lingüística al proceso de comprensión y producción de textos expositivos-explicativos. En didáctica de la comprensión y producción de textos académicos. 2.1.1.1. Pg.60. Armenia, Quindío.

Camargo, Z y Uribe, G y Caro, M. (2009).Modelos de la comprensión y producción de textos académicos. En didáctica de la comprensión y producción de textos académicos. 3.1.3.2.2. Pg.130. Armenia, Quindío.

Camargo, Z y Uribe, G y Caro, M. (2009).Modelos de comprensión y producción textual. En didáctica de la comprensión y producción de textos académicos. 3.1.3.1. Pg.128. Armenia, Quindío.


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

Gonzales, C. (2005). Comprensión lectora en niños morfosintaxis y prosodia en acción. Granada. Universidad de Granada, Facultad de psicología, departamento de psicología evolutiva y de la educación.

Moreno, V. (2003). Leer para comprender. Navarra, España. Blitz, Serie amarilla, 4. Edición: Gobierno de Navarra, Departamento de Educación y cultura. [Versión Digital. (PDF)].

Morgado, C. (2007). Definición de Didáctica. Psicología de la educación para padres y profesionales. Recuperado el 13 de septiembre de 2011. De http://www.psicopedagogia.com/definicion/didactica

Ortiz, A. (2002). Jugando también se aprende. Monografías. Recuperado el 13 de septiembre de 2011. De http://www.monografias.com/trabajos28/didactica-ludica/didactica-ludica.shtml

Vygotsky, L. Definición de Teoría del aprendizaje de Vygotsky. Psicología de la educación para padres y profesionales. Recuperado el 13 de septiembre de 2011. De http://www.psicopedagogia.com/definicion/didactica


T utoring methods to improve reading c omprehension skills

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