Passenger van driver training grays harbor college
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Passenger Van Driver Training Grays Harbor College. Loss Prevention Guide 8/14/09. Large Van Handling Characteristics. The increased height, length and weight of large cargo and passenger vans affect their handling characteristics.

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Passenger Van Driver Training Grays Harbor College

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Passenger van driver training grays harbor college

Passenger Van Driver TrainingGrays Harbor College

Loss Prevention Guide

8/14/09


Large van handling characteristics

Large Van Handling Characteristics

  • The increased height, length and weight of large cargo and passenger vans affect their handling characteristics.

  • Vans handle differently than sedans even when performing routine vehicle maneuvers.


Center of gravity in cars

Center of Gravity in Cars

  • The center of gravity for a sedan is usually located at the bumper level of the vehicle.

  • This keeps the car from leaning too far in one direction or another during normal or emergency situations.

  • The low center of gravity also gives the vehicle road stability.


Center of gravity in large vans

Center of Gravity in Large Vans

  • Much higher due to size and shape of van.

  • Center of gravity increases when add cargo or passenger weight.

  • When filled to capacity, high as the steering wheel.


Results of high center of gravity

Results of High Center of Gravity

  • Compromises the stability of the van especially during quick, unplanned maneuvers such as:

    • Sudden turns

    • Striking a curb at higher speeds

    • Running off the payment

    • Trying to bring wheels back to road surface too quickly.


The impaired driver

The Impaired Driver

  • Lack of sleep

  • Alcohol or drug use

  • Fatigue

  • Sick


The distracted driver

The Distracted Driver

  • Minimize distractions when driving

    • Do not use cell phones

    • Don’t eat or drink.

  • Rely on “shotgun” rider to adjust radio, help with directions, operate electronic equipment.

  • Van passengers distract driver


How to handle running off the pavement

How to handle running off the pavement

  • Slow down! But avoid severe brake application. Slow down gradually.

  • Ease vehicle back only after greatly reducing speed.

  • Avoid turning the steering wheel too sharply while returning to road surface.


Taking curves too fast

Taking curves too fast

  • Can cause a significant shift of weight causing the van to lean in the opposite direction of the curve.

  • As the weight of van shifts in response to the curve, the tires will come off the roadway and the van will literally flip on its side.


Tire failure

Tire Failure

A primary contributor to any vehicle rollover is loss off control caused by tire failure

  • Tread separations can result in a dramatic loss of stability and directional control.

  • Causes vehicle weight to shift and become unbalanced..

  • Because vans, trucks and SUVs have a higher center of gravity, they are particularly susceptible to this result


What to do if tire fails

What to do if tire fails

  • Ease gently off the gas

  • Keep a firm grip on the steering wheel

  • While gently easing into the brakes, keep the vehicle pointed straight ahead and gradually reduce your speed.

  • Pull off the road without making any radical steering inputs.


What not to do if tire fails

What not to do if tire fails

  • Do not hit the brakes hard.

    .

  • Do not move the steering wheel abruptly.


Adverse weather

Adverse Weather

  • Postpone trip if weather is bad

  • Reduce speed

  • Hydroplane in wet weather

  • Wind affects stability

  • Leave extra space


Before leaving

Before Leaving

  • Check mirrors and adjust as needed

  • Familiarize yourself with location and operation of key vehicle devices (lights, windshield wipers, heater, etc)

  • Check that all equipment/belongings stowed

  • Check that all passengers are seated with seatbelts on


Seatbelts

Seatbelts

  • Drivers and passengers must buckle up.

    Eighty percent of people who died last year in single vehicle rollovers were not buckled up.


Stopping and following

Stopping and Following

  • Stopping distance is longer in van than sedan

  • Allow a three to four second following distance

  • Increase following distance in inclement weather

  • Visualize where vehicle will be in 12 seconds


Changing lanes and turning

Create more space by reducing or increasing speed

Use mirrors

Ask for help from passengers

Put blinkers on early

Reduce speed

For left turn, start turn farther forward

For right turn, start turn as far into the intersection as possible.

Changing Lanes and Turning


Backing parking the van

Backing/Parking the van

  • Try and avoid parking where you need to back out

  • Use spotters

  • Set parking brake

  • On hill, turn wheels so van will roll against curb

  • Back toward driver’s side


Loading and unloading passengers

Loading and Unloading Passengers

  • Park van out of traffic or traveled lane.

  • Turn on hazard flashers

  • Turn ignition off when not in driver’s seat

  • Park on level surface and apply emergency brake

  • Assist passengers as needed

  • Make sure all passengers are clear of van before pulling forward.


Brakes on steep grades

Brakes on Steep Grades

  • Downshift to let engine compression dictate your speed

  • Maintain speed that reduces need to brake

  • If lose brakes, pump pedal


Yield to safety

Yield to Safety

Courtesy pays off


Question 1

Question #1

Which of the following contribute to the potential for vans to be involved in a rollover accident?

  • Excessive speed

  • Improperly inflated tires

  • Driver distraction

  • All of the above


Answer to question 1

Answer to Question #1

Which of the following contribute to the potential for vans to be involved in a rollover accident?

  • Excessive speed

  • Improperly inflated tires

  • Driver distraction

  • All of the above


Question 2

Question #2

A large passenger van will “drive” and react similarly to a standard passenger vehicle.

  • True

  • False


Answer to question 2

Answer to Question #2

A large van will “drive” and react similarly to a standard passenger vehicle.

  • True

  • False


Question 3

Question #3

Which of the following are true?

  • The high center of gravity in large vans helps give the vehicle road stability.

  • The center of gravity in large vans is not much higher than sedans when lightly loaded.

  • Both are false.


Answer to question 3

Answer to Question #3

Which of the following are true?

  • The high center of gravity in large vans helps give the vehicle road stability.

  • The center of gravity in large vans is not much higher than sedans when lightly loaded

    Both are false


Question 4

Question #4

If your tire blows out, you should

  • Keep both hands on the steering wheel

  • Pump the brakes hard to slow down quickly

  • Pull off the road gradually.


Answer question 4

Answer Question #4

If your tire blows out, you should

  • Keep both hands on the steering wheel

  • Pump the brakes hard to slow down quickly

  • Pull off the road gradually.

    Braking hard can help destabilize your vehicle.


Question 5

Question #5

It is not necessary for passengers in vans to wear seatbelts.

  • True

  • False


Answer to question 5

Answer to Question #5

It is not necessary for passengers in vans to wear seatbelts

  • True

  • False


Question 6

Question #6

A ten (10) second following distance between the van and the vehicle in front of the van is a recommended minimum.

  • True

  • False


Answer to question 6

Answer to Question #6

A ten (10) second following distance between the van and the vehicle in front of the van is a recommended minimum.

  • True

  • False


Question 7

Question #7

  • When parking on an incline/decline, you don’t need to apply the parking brake if you shift the transmission into PARK.

    • True

    • False


Answer to question 7

Answer to Question #7

  • When parking on an incline/decline, you don’t need to apply the parking brake if you shift the transmission into PARK.

    • True

    • False


Question 8

Question #8

Vehicle momentum can increase the chance of rolling a large passenger or cargo van when cornering.

  • True

  • False


Answer to question 8

Answer to Question #8

Vehicle momentum can increase the chance of rolling a large passenger or cargo van when cornering.

  • True

  • False


Question 9

Question #9

When traveling down a long, steep downhill stretch, you should:

  • Down-shift

  • Hold your foot on the brake

  • A and B


Answer to question 9

Answer to Question #9

When traveling down a long, steep downhill stretch, you should:

  • Down-shift

  • Hold your foot on the brake

  • A and B


Question 10

Question #10

You are driving when your cell phone rings. You should:

  • Answer the call

  • Have someone else answer

  • Ignore the call

  • B or C


Answer to question 10

Answer to Question #10

You are driving when your cell phone rings. You should:

  • Answer the call

  • Have someone else answer

  • Ignore the call

  • B or C


Question 11

Question #11

Many van accidents are caused by “overcorrecting”.

  • True

  • False


Answer to question 11

Answer to Question #11

Many van accidents are caused by “overcorrecting”.

  • True

  • False


Question 12

Question #12

When backing a van into a parking space, you should:

  • Back toward the driver’s side

  • Use spotters

  • Avoid situations where you need to back

  • All of the above


Answer to question 12

Answer to Question #12

When backing a van into a parking space, you should:

  • Back toward the driver’s side

  • Use spotters

  • Avoid situations where you need to back

  • All of the above


Question 13

Question #13

When loading and unloading passengers, you should:

  • Turn on your headlights – Not your hazard flashers

  • Park the van out of traffic or the traveled lane

  • Leave the motor running while you assist passengers


Answer to question 13

Answer to Question #13

When loading and unloading passengers, you should:

  • Turn on your headlights – Not your hazard flashers

  • Park the van out of traffic or the traveled lane

  • Leave the motor running while you assist passengers


Flipped dump truck

Flipped Dump Truck

  • AAA is not going to believe this one

  • And you thought YOU had a bad day?

  • And they said it couldn't be done!

  • Apparently UPS didn't see the "this side up" sticker when they delivered it.

  • Archeologists unearth the real way Egyptians hauled blocks for the pyramids

  • Isn't there an easier way to change the tires?

  • OK, lets get our story straight before the boss gets back


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