Munich. Sep 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria. 1932-4 Failure of World Disarmament Conference. Timeline of appeasement. June 1935 Anglo-German Naval Agreement. Oct 1935 Italian invasion of Abyssinia. March 1936 German troops reoccupy the Rhineland. 1936-9 Spanish Civil War.
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Sep 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria
1932-4 Failure of World Disarmament Conference
June 1935 Anglo-German Naval Agreement
Oct 1935 Italian invasion of Abyssinia
March 1936 German troops reoccupy the Rhineland
1936-9 Spanish Civil War
March 1938 Anschluss
Prevailed upon Benes to give concessions to Hitler which would make German invasion unnecessary.
15th Sep Berchtesgaden Chamberlain met Hitler to offer Sudeten Germans be detached from CZ.
22nd Sep Godesberg Hitler increased his demands- more of Cz & German troops to enter Sudetenland. Benes said no & mobilised Czech army
29th Sep Hitler invited Chamberlain & French PM Daladier .Mussolini’s plan was accepted. Sudetenland was given to Germany, & rest of Czech. was guaranteed.
Neither Russians or Czechoslovakians were invited.
If the Czechs refused they would receive no help from GB or France
Chamberlain returned home with “scrap of paper”
It promised GB & Germany “ would renounce warlike intentions against each other & would use consultation to deal with any other question that may concern our two countries”
Chamberlain declared that it was “peace for our time”
Churchill called it “ a total unmitigated defeat”
Many politicians felt Hitler could not be trusted
Hitler now appreciated how keen Chamberlain was to avoid war
Chamberlain did not appreciate hoe confident Hitler had become despite the escalation of Hitler’s demands at Godesberg
Czechoslovakia was crippled by loss of industry. Slovakia started to demand independence & the President was pressured to “request German help”
March 1939 German troops entered the rest of Czechoslovakia “by invitation”
Even Chamberlain felt this was going too far
Poland was now vulnerable
March 1939 Chamberlain assured Polish they would be safeguarded
April 1939 Hitler demanded return of Danzig
Seen by Poles as a prelude to invasion
Fortified by pledged GB support Poles refused
Distrust of USSR led to countries refusing to take advantage of offers of Russian help
24th August Russians grew tired & signed non-aggression pact with Germany
With Russia neutral Hitler was now convinced that France & GB would not intervene over Poland
1st Sep 1939 Hitler invades Poland
Chamberlain still attempted to find a negotiated solution and only offered Hitler an ultimatum when pressure mounted in Parliament
11AM 3RD SEPTEMBER it expired and Britain was at war with Germany