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Damage Prevention: Are the States as Engaged as They Need to Be?. Christina Sames Vice President Operations & Engineering American Gas Association. Today’s Presentation . What we know about excavation damage to distribution pipelines

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damage prevention are the states as engaged as they need to be

Damage Prevention: Are the States as Engaged as They Need to Be?

Christina Sames

Vice President

Operations & Engineering

American Gas Association

today s presentation
Today’s Presentation
  • What we know about excavation damage to distribution pipelines
  • Recommendations from DIMP Excavation Damage Prevention (EDP) Team
  • What’s working, what isn’t
  • Final thoughts from AGA’s Safety Leadership Summit
what we know
What We Know

American Gas Foundation (AGF) Study

  • Independent report: Safety Performance and Integrity of the Natural Gas Distribution Infrastructure
  • Included State Regulators and Utility Operators
  • Incidents analyzed over a 12 year period (1990 – 2002)
agf findings
AGF Findings
  • On distribution lines, outside force is
    • 60% of incidents
    • Nearly 50% of all serious incidents
  • 3rd party damage accounts for nearly 75% of the serious outside force damage incidents
distribution integrity management program dimp
Distribution Integrity Management Program (DIMP)

EDP Team included:

  • PHMSA
  • Distribution utilities
  • State pipeline safety representatives
  • Contractors
  • Common Ground Alliance
dimp edp focus
DIMP EDP Focus
  • What actions, approaches or practices can be applied to reduce excavation damage?
  • How do states with/without comprehensive damage prevention programs and effective enforcement compare?
findings
Findings
  • Excavation damage is declining but still presents the greatest threat to distribution pipeline safety.
  • EDP poses the greatest opportunity for safety improvements.
  • Distribution pipeline safety and EDP are intrinsically linked. EDP must be addressed to improve pipeline safety.
state specific findings
State Specific Findings
  • States with comprehensive EDP programs that include effective enforcement have a substantially lower risk of excavation damage to pipelines and related consequences.
  • Federal legislation is needed to help develop and implement comprehensive EDP programs at the state level
  • Requires a partnership of all stakeholders
state without effective enforcement
State Without Effective Enforcement

Leaks Repaired/1000 Tickets

Third Party (2000-2003) and Excavation (2004)

mn effective enforcement program
MN: Effective Enforcement Program

Excavation Damages per 1000 Tickets

example agl
Example: AGL

Note: AL’s effective enforcement began 2000

elements of effective edp program
Elements of Effective EDP Program
  • Enhanced communications between operators and excavators
  • Foster support/partnership of all stakeholder
  • Operator’s use of performance measures
  • Partnership in employee training
  • Partnership in public education
  • Dispute resolution process
  • Fair and consistent enforcement
  • Use of technology to improve process
  • Data analysis to improve program effectiveness
what is working
What is working
  • Reductions in excavation damage in states with:
    • Fair and effective enforcement of ALL parties (not just pipeline operators)
    • Everyone is involved
    • Enhanced communications among all parties
    • Partnerships (regional CGAs, partnering with schools, etc)
what doesn t work
What doesn’t work
  • Not involving all parties

– Everyone must be in the pool

(pull them in if you have to)

  • Excavation laws that exempt entities
  • Excavation laws with no teeth
  • Lopsided enforcement
  • Independence
from aga s recent safety summit
From AGA’s Recent Safety Summit

Which of these 9 elements is most effective in reducing excavation damages?

  • Enforcement of state laws: 54%
  • Developing effective employee training programs: 21%
  • Stakeholder collaboration: 19%
  • Effective dispute resolution process: 6%
  • Implementation of technology: 0%
from aga s recent safety summit1
From AGA’s Recent Safety Summit

Which of the 9 elements is most difficult to achieve?

  • Enforcement of state laws: 36%
  • Developing effective employee training programs: 8%
  • Stakeholder collaboration: 34%
  • Effective dispute resolution process: 23%
  • Implementation of technology: 0%
questions

Questions?

Christina Sames

202-824-7214

[email protected]

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