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Why College- and Career-Ready Expectations for All South Carolina Students?. Updated February 2013. Why College- and Career-Ready Expectations for All?.

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Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Why College- and Career-Ready Expectations for All South Carolina Students?

Updated February 2013


Why college and career ready expectations for all

Why College- and Career-Ready Expectations for All?

  • The Economic Imperative: A high school diploma is no longer enough; now, nearly every good job requires some education beyond high school and all students need to be academically prepared to compete for good jobs in the global economy.

  • The Equity Imperative: Far too many students drop out or graduate from high school unprepared for success. Students in minority groups drop out and fail to attain postsecondary credentials at much higher rates than their counterparts.

  • The Expectations Imperative: The bar has been set too low for too long, keeping students from reaching their full potential, closing doors and limiting their post-high school options and opportunities.


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Education and Training and Requirements Over Time

  • The Economic Imperative

Source: Carnevale, Anthony P. et al. (June 2010). Help Wanted: Projections of Jobs and Education Requirements Through 2018. Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce. ww9.georgetown.edu/grad/gppi/hpi/cew/pdfs/FullReport.pdf

3


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Employment Shares by Occupational Skill Level

  • The Economic Imperative

Require some education and training beyond high school

Source: National Skills Coalition (2010). The Bridge to a New Economy: Worker Training Fills the Gap. http://www.nationalskillscoalition.org/assets/reports-/the-bridge-to-a-new-economy.pdf ; National Skills Coalition (2011). State Middle Skill Fact Sheets. http://www.nationalskillscoalition.org/resources/fact-sheets/state-fact-sheets/


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Demand for Middle Skill Workers Outpaces South Carolina’s Supply

  • The Economic Imperative

  • In 1950, 60% of jobs were classified as unskilled, attainable by young people with high school diplomas or less. Today, 20% of jobs are considered to be unskilled.

    • One result: The demand for middle- and high-skilled workers is outpacing the state’s supply of workers educated and experienced at that level.

79% vs.35%

% of jobs in SC requiring some education beyond high school

% adults in SC with an associate’s degree or above

Sources: Carnevale, Anthony P. and Donna Desrochers (2003). Standards for What? The Economic Roots of K-12 Reform. Education Testing Services. http://www.learndoearn.org/For-Educators/Standards-for-What.pdf ; Skills to Compete. http://www.skills2compete.org National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, analysis of American Community Survey. http://www.higheredinfo.org


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

America’s International Edge is Slipping in High School Graduation Rates

  • The Economic Imperative

Source: OECD. Education at a Glance 2011. (All rates are self-reported) http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/education-at-a-glance-2011_eag-2011-en; National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, analysis of American Community Survey. http://www.higheredinfo.org


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

America’s International Edge is Slipping in Postsecondary Degree Attainment

  • The Economic Imperative

Source: OECD. Education at a Glance 2011. (All rates are self-reported.) http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/education-at-a-glance-2011_eag-2011-en; National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, analysis of American Community Survey. http://www.higheredinfo.org


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

America’s International Edge is Slipping in Postsecondary Degree Attainment

  • The Economic Imperative

Source: OECD. Education at a Glance 2011. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/education-at-a-glance-2011_eag-2011-en ; National Center for Higher Education Management Systems analysis of American Community Survey. http://www.higheredinfo.org


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Achievement Gaps Start Early: South Carolina’s 4th and 8th Grade Achievement Gaps

% At or Above Proficient on NAEP

  • The Equity Imperative

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress. Analysis of data downloaded from http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Achievement Gaps Are About More than Race, South Carolina’s Achievement Gaps Among Other Disadvantaged Populations

  • The Equity Imperative

% At or Above Proficient on NAEP

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress. Analysis of data downloaded from http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Achievement Gaps Continue Through High School, Minority Students Are More at Risk of Dropping Out

  • The Equity Imperative

Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation. Kids Count Data Center. 2010, Teens ages 16 to 19 who are not in school and are not high school graduates by race (Percent). http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/acrossstates/Rankings.aspx


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Achievement Gaps Continue Through High School

  • The Equity Imperative

Source: Education Week (2012). Graduation in the United States. http://www.edweek.org/ew/toc/2012/06/07/


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Achievement Gaps Continue Into Postsecondary, College Completion

  • The Equity Imperative

Percent of Students Earning a Postsecondary Degree

Source: NCES. IPEDS Graduation Rate Survey, analyzed by National Center for Management of Higher Education Systems.


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

  • The vast majority of students intend to go on to college and do not expect to drop out of high school:

    • 93 percent of middle school students report there is “no chance” they will drop out in high school.

    • 94 percent of high school students say that they are planning to continue their education after high school either at a two- or four-year institution.

    • 95 percent of teenagers report that graduating from high school is “critical to their future success.”

  • The Expectations Imperative

Students Overwhelmingly Want to Succeed and Attend College

Source: Middle Schools Poll, Prepared for the National Association of Secondary School Principals and Phi Delta Kappa, 2007; Civic Enterprises, The Silent Epidemic: Perspectives of High School Dropouts, 2006; Boys & Girls Clubs of America/Taco Bell Foundation for Teens, Teen Graduation Crisis Survey, 2009.


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

  • The Expectations Imperative

Too Many Students Remain Off Track to Success

Of every 100 9th graders in SC:

54 graduate high school in your years

38 enroll in college, of these

24 persist in to sophomore year in college, of these

15 earn a college degree

Source: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (2008). Student Pipeline - Transition and Completion Rates from 9th Grade to College. http://www.higheredinfo.org


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

  • The Expectations Imperative

Too Many Students Are Not College and Career Ready, Remediation Rates

Percentage of First-Year Students in Two-year And Four-year Institutions Requiring Remediation

Source: National Center for Education Statistics (2011). The Condition of Education: Indicator 22-2011, Remediation and Degree Completion. http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_rmc.asp


Why college and career ready expectations for all south carolina students

Why College- and Career-Ready Expectations for All South Carolina Students?

Updated February 2013


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