Attempts to Form A New Nation. The Articles of Confederation & the U.S. Constitution. AOC Pair & Share. What kind of government did the Articles of Confederation create? What did it include?.
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Attempts to Form A New Nation
The Articles of Confederation & the U.S. Constitution
What kind of government did the Articles of Confederation create? What did it include?
The Articles created a weak central government with a Congress that had the power to declare war, raise armies, & sign treaties. It did not have the power to impose taxes & regulate trade.
Led the nation during the Revolutionary war
Land Ordinance of 1785
Negotiated trade treaties with other nations
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
The Congress did not have the power to impose taxes.
The Congress did not have the power to regulate trade.
The Congress could not force the states to abide by the Treaty of Paris.
The Congress did not have the power to regulate currency.
What do you think was the most serious flaw of the Articles of Confederation? Explain.
Our founding fathers had a fundamental question to answer:
Did the Second Continental Congress represent a union, or did its decisions reflect the opinion of thirteen separate states?
Structure of the New National Government
Problems with the Articles
What was the Three-Fifths Compromise, & why was it necessary?
538 Electoral Votes270 Needed to Win
Creates a two-house Congress the House of Reps (population) & the Senate (equal)
There would be a single president that would serve a term of 4 years.
Every 5 slaves would count as 3 people in the population
How is power divided under the federal system?
Annotate, Complete Questions & Document Analysis Worksheet
Western farmers; those that wanted a bill of rights
Large landowners, merchants, & artisans; coastal farmers
A limited national government that included a bill of rights.
A strong national government with some power to the states.
Led by Alexander Hamilton
Beliefs in Government
Rule by rich and well educated
New government should favor merchants, manufacturers, and lawyers
Strong central government with a strong president
Wanted strong alliance with Britain
Centralized banking and create debt spending
Loose interpretation of the Constitution
Led by Thomas Jefferson
Beliefs in Government
Rule by everybody
New government should favor farmers, artisans, and poor classes
Weak central government, power given to the states to reflect individual interests
Favored agriculture and farming
Wanted strong alliance with France
Low taxes, small tariffs
Strict interpretation of the Constitution
Consider the times and these beliefs: What political party would you support? The Federalists or the Anti-Federalists? Explain your answer.
Separates power into three branches of government
Art. I-Leg.; Art. II-Exec.; Art. III-Judic.
Power of Law
Power of Constitution
Bill of Rights
Organization of Government
Civil Rights Amendments
New Deal Amendments
Great Society Amendments
A.K.A. “Loose Construction of Constitution”
Interpretation of Constitution must be flexible
People change, society changes, technology changes-->Constitution must adapt
What the Constitution doesn’t say EXPLICITY, the branches of government can do
A.K.A. “Strict Construction of Constitution”
Constitution should remain the constant
The Constitution must be the measure of social, ethical, and moral change
Government can ONLY do what the Constitution EXPLICITLY says
Read the article. Complete 5 Comprehension Questions & choose one of the three In-Depth Questions. In addition, complete the writing prompt to the right.