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Thai Cultural and Ethical Codes in Climate Change Negotiations. Wanee Samphantharak. Presentation Flow. Thai Ethics and Morals Thai Culture and Society Development, Globalization and Thai Culture Renewal of Ethics and Morals Ethics and International Environment. Thai Ethics and Morals.

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Thai Cultural and Ethical Codesin Climate Change Negotiations

Wanee Samphantharak


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Presentation Flow

  • ThaiEthics and Morals

  • Thai Culture and Society

  • Development, Globalization and Thai Culture

  • Renewal of Ethics and Morals

  • Ethics and International Environment


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Thai Ethics and Morals

  • Derived from the traditional religion of Thailand “Buddhism”

  • Recognize “human is part of nature”

  • Emphasize “ the mutual co-existence of man and nature” use “loving-kindness” as a means for peaceful co-existence

  • Use “Moderation” as the key

    • Consume moderately

    • Live moderately

    • relate moderately


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Thai Culture and Society

  • Agricultural based, especially rice

  • Strong community cohesion

    • Agricultural labor sharing

    • Participation and cooperation in community activities

    • Self reliance; Self sufficiency

  • Polite, Compromise and Peacefulness

  • “Land of Smile”


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Development, Globalization and Thai Culture

  • The Cultural effects of development patterns

    • Western pattern of development influenced heavily

    • Social values of moderation replaced by economic maximization

    • Overemphasize economic wealth and materialism


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Economic Crisis and Moderation Renewal

  • Economic and financial crisis caused serious social and economic problems

  • The crisis requires strong adjustments

  • The King Guidance to fight the arising problems

Sufficiency Economy


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Philosophy of “Sufficiency Economy”

  • Means “Moderation” and due consideration on all modes of conduct

  • Stress “Middle Path” as a principle for appropriate conduct


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Ethics and International Environment

  • Global environments are externalities and institutional intervention is needed

  • The Principles underlying the Climate Change Convention has built-in Ethical and Moral consideration

    • Precaution

    • Common but Differentiated Responsibilities

    • Information Exchange

    • Assistance to the Needs and the Affected


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The Convention Process and Ethical Issue

  • The process indicates Ethics and Moral are lacking in Climate Change negotiation

    • Overemphasizing market and efficiency

    • Lack of financial and technical support for vulnerability and adaptation

    • Ignore “inter-nation” and “inter- generation” equity

    • Fail to distinguish “Emission for Survival” from “Emission for Luxury”


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Toward Global Sustainable Development

  • Ethics and Moral for international environment is critically needed

    • Look at nature as integral part of us

    • Consider all humankind, all space and time

  • “Moderation” and “Sufficiency Economy” are important keys to dilute “Greedy” and Concentrate “middle path of life” toward sustainable development

    “Leading a contented life with few desires

    Being satisfied and therefore always happy”


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Thank You

Thank You


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