Questions from deirdre
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Questions from Deirdre. 1. Almost all parts of the Earth have been affected by people’s interaction with the landscape whether it is directly or indirectly. Is there any landscape that can be described as purely “natural?”

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Questions from Deirdre

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Questions from deirdre

Questions from Deirdre

  • 1. Almost all parts of the Earth have been affected by people’s interaction with the landscape whether it is directly or indirectly. Is there any landscape that can be described as purely “natural?”

  • 2. Is the landscape shaped by culture or is culture shaped by the landscape? Or is it both, do you know any examples that can defend your view?

  • 3. There are ten different ways to view landscape but are they really separate? Can someone have more than one view based on their experience/perspective?

  • 4. What are some factors that can affect someone’s “reading” of a landscape? How are these factors reflected in the landscape?


Geog 347 landscape and social reproduction

GEOG 347: Landscape and Social Reproduction


Lewis axioms for reading the landscape

Lewis: Axioms for Reading the Landscape

  • “all human landscape has cultural meaning”

  • “landscape is our unwitting autobiography, reflecting our tastes, our values, our aspirations, and even our fears, in tangible, visible form”

  • “There are no secrets in the landscape” –Grady Clay

  • Looking, reading, thinking, looking, reading again


Axioms for reading the landscape

Axioms for Reading the Landscape

  • Landscape as clue to culture (culture unintentionally reflected in ordinary vernacular landscapes; Correlates– change, region, convergence, taste, diffusion)

  • *Cultural Unity and Landscape Equality (culture is a whole, no element more important than another)

  • Common Things (landscapes made up of things that are hard to study, overlooked)


Axioms for reading the landscape1

Axioms for Reading the Landscape

4. Historic Axiom (history matters- changes in taste, habit, technology, wealth, ambition reflected in landscape; Correlates lumpiness, mechanical/technical

5. *Geographic/Ecologic Axiom (context matters)

6. Axiom of Environmental Control (knowledge of physical landscape important)

7. Axiom of Landscape Obscurity (landscape meanings not obvious; need to learn to see)


Meinig the beholding eye

Meinig: The Beholding Eye

  • Landscape as a “stretch of country seen from a single point”

  • “Any landscape is composed not only of what lies before our eyes but what lies within our heads”

  • “Landscapes mirror and landscapes matter”


Meinig 10 ways of seeing a landscape

Meinig: 10 Ways of Seeing a Landscape

  • Landscape as Nature

  • Landscape as Habitat

  • Landscape as Artifact

  • Landscape as System

  • Landscape as Problem

  • Landscape as Wealth

  • Landscape as Ideology

  • Landscape as History

  • Landscape as Place

  • Landscape as Aesthetic


Mitchell ch 5 landscapes as systems of social reproduction

Mitchell Ch. 5: Landscapes as Systems of Social Reproduction

  • Metaphor: Landscapes as Texts

  • Critique of P. Lewis: is landscape a “unity”? Is the writing of the landscape “unwitting”?

  • Literary theory of the Text: intertextuality; unstable meaning

  • Limits of text metaphor- power, materiality of the landscape

  • Metaphor: Landscapes at stage/set


Mitchell ch 5 landscapes as systems of social reproduction1

Mitchell Ch. 5: Landscapes as Systems of Social Reproduction

  • Gendered suburban landscapes– public/private gendered binary

  • Suburbanization: “family remade to fit the landscape; even as the landscape was remade to fit the new family”

  • Reading the Mall as space of consumption

  • The City as Mall: public vs. private space


Mitchell ch 5 landscapes as systems of social reproduction2

Mitchell Ch. 5: Landscapes as Systems of Social Reproduction

  • Landscape as site of social reproduction

  • Landscape in discursive formation (Foucault; post-structuralism)

  • Landscape in regime of accumulation (Aglietta; regulation school)

  • Landscapes as “inseparable admixture of material form and discursive sign” p. 144

  • Landscape “seeks to regularize or naturalize relations between people”

  • Landscape “irreducible to questions of politcal economy, nonetheless inseparable from such questions”


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