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Koon- ni CT Sortie 7/12/2014. 401 st VFS. Koon- ni Weapons Range Procedures. Koon- ni Weapons Range. Koon- ni Weapons Range. Fixed Wing Ingress/Egress.

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Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni CT Sortie 7/12/2014

401st VFS


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Weapons Range Procedures


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Weapons Range


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Weapons Range


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Fixed Wing Ingress/Egress

  • Before weapons delivery on a Class A range (or when using scoring on a Class B range), flight leaders will confirm the lineup and events.

    • Aircraft checks in with SCOUT Approx. 5 – 10 NM outside “North Gate” (339.10 / UHF Preset 19)

    • Provide callsign, location, number and type aircraft, planned activity, and ordnance (if applicable).

    • The RCO will confirm range, traffic pattern (when applicable), altimeter setting, and strafe panel (when applicable). The flight lead will read back the applicable range, traffic pattern, altimeter setting, and strafe panel, however, all flight members need only acknowledge (e.g., "Viper 21, Right Range, Left Traffic, 29.92," "2," "3," "4").

    • SCOUT will direct aircraft to hold at IP SOJUE at assigned VFR Alt. (1000’ increments)

  • Expect to hold in clockwise/ counter-clockwise pattern oriented on IP SOJUE.

    • Aircraft will be assigned initial altitude and hard deck to integrate with indirect fire weapons and other aviation operations.

    • Aircraft will be switched to secondary/tactical control frequency following check-in and hot range brief.

  • FW A/C SHALL avoid over-flight of nearby cities areas @ less than 10000’ AGL for noise abatement.

  • FW shall operate no lower than 1000’ AGL in Zulu Impact, 500’ in Whiskey Impact


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Range Procedures

RANGE ENTRY:

6.3.2.1. Perform a dry-clearing pass before weapons delivery on Class B/C land or water ranges to ensure the target area is clear of unauthorized persons or vessels. Omit the requirement for the dry-clearing pass if other means can confirm the range is clear (e.g., range personnel, FAC, IG chase aircraft, a departing flight, etc.). Accomplish a dry pass when an aircrew has not been on that range for an extended period of time, and wants to be re-familiarized with the range. See section 6.5.1.5 for additional night restrictions.

6.3.2.2. Range entry does not require a spacer pass; however, if performed, make the spacer pass at an altitude (500 feet AGL minimum) appropriate for target surveillance, on the run-in heading (unless local restrictions or procedures dictate otherwise), and in route or a tactical formation with the wingman or element echeloned opposite the direction of traffic.

6.3.3. Maximum Flight Size. Normally a maximum of four attacking aircraft will be in the range pattern at any one time.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Range Procedures

6.3.5. Switch Changes. Range restrictions and tactics permitting, change cockpit switches in wings level flight before the final attack heading.

6.3.6.1. Minimum Altitudes. Determine minimum release and recovery altitudes by using the fusing and fragmentation envelopes established in aircraft specific weapons delivery TOs, MAJCOM MDS-series guidance, or this instruction, whichever is higher.

6.3.6.3. The minimum recovery altitude for off-range simulated weapons delivery attacks will be the minimum altitude published for the airspace, as dictated by fuse arming or safe escape and separation criteria, or according to MAJCOM MDS-series guidance, whichever is higher.

6.3.6.4. Pilots will not descend below their designated low-level category at any time (for example, conventional downwind, approach to a pop-up point), except during final approach for low angle bombing, level bombing, and low angle strafe attacks.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Range Procedures

  • 6.3.7. Abort Criteria. Along with the general criteria set in section 2.7.3. (Knock-It-Off (KIO) and Terminate Procedures), abort the pass and do not release if any of the following situations occur:

    • If unable to positively identify the target.

    • If the aircraft passes below the minimum recovery altitude established minimum altitude for the event being flown.

    • If establishing unsatisfactory entry or release conditions. Note: Abort the pass if the actual dive angle exceeds the planned dive angle by more than 5 degrees (10 degrees if the planned recovery altitude is above 10,000 feet AGL).

    • If airspeed drops below minimums specified in appropriate in pattern airspeeds outlined in this document.

    • Aircraft Spacing – Maintain spacing so that only one aircraft is on final attack heading at a time. If you are calling “In Hot” before the pilot in front of you is calling “Off”, you are too close. If too close make a level dry pass and extend until appropriate spacing is reestablished.

    • 6.3.11. Last Pass Procedure. The last strafe pass will be dry. When performing a dry pass, check switches in SAFE, SIM, OFF or a equivalent position before initiating the last pass.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Range Procedures

  • 6.4.3. Class A Range Standard Radio Calls:

  • 6.4.3.1. Conventional:

  • "Call Sign, BASE."

    • "Call Sign, UP" (pop-up patterns only).

    • "Call Sign, IN" and add "Dry" if appropriate. Without clearance, abort the pass or fly through dry. Do not say “C/S In Hot” when planning weapon release. Instead say “C/S, IN”, and when RCO gives clearance with a “Cleared Hot” call, you acknowledge “C/S, Cleared Hot”

    • "Call Sign, OFF, DRY" if applicable. If weapon is released as planned, the call is just “C/S OFF”.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Fixed Wing Ops Complete

  • Aircraft must maintain radio contact with SCOUT at all times for traffic advisories and spill-out instructions as required. Aircraft shall remain within the confines of the active portions of the RK-79 A, B, & C SUA throughout the training evolution.

  • Aircraft should contact SCOUT on UHF prior to departing RK-79

    • Reporting Ordnance Expended

  • Depart Airspace per SCOUT’s instruction at assigned VFR Alt.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Fixed Wing Ops Complete

6.3.12. Armament Safety Procedures:

6.3.12.1. After completing weapon events, flight leads will reform their flights and obtain an armament safety check from each flight member.

6.3.12.2. If unable to confirm ordnance expenditure (including night illumination flares) on the range, perform a visual bomb check. The aircrew, RCO, FAC/TAC/ETAC, B-1 Stores Management System (SMS), or another flight member can all confirm ordnance expenditure. If visual confirmation is not feasible (for example, night), follow hung ordnance procedures.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE RULES

  • Chaff and flares may be expended at or below 500’ AGL within an impact area, and within one nautical mile offshore of Koon-ni. Chaff and flares shall NOT be expended without approval from SCOUT.

  • Recovery From Delivery. Execute recoveries from weapons deliveries according to safe escape maneuvers described in the -34 or -25 aircraft specific TOs.

    • These recoveries will observe minimum altitudes consistent with safe escape, fuse arming, and the weapon delivery minimum altitudes established in MAJCOM MDS-series guidance and this instruction.

    • Aircrews are not authorized to perform the safe escape "turning maneuver," which will result in a descending turn after weapon release. If fouled, the aircrew will immediately execute a climbing escape maneuver.

    • After weapon release, execute a climbing safe escape maneuver (CSEM) to climb back to the briefed event altitude. The climbing safe escape maneuver is a no turn 5G pull for 2 seconds to get the fpm on the horizon followed by a 20-30° climb back to base altitude. Directly after the CSEM, start your 180° LEFT turn to downwind while reaching the next event briefed altitude.

    • On the range all turns are done at MIL power, pulling to maintain event speed (see table below)


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

TWO FOULS & YOU’RE OUT!

  • Any aircraft that fouls more than 1 time will be directed off the range and to a holding pattern until the rest of his flight has completed their range work.

  • RCO/FAC will assess a foul for any of the following reasons:

    • Violation of flight or range safety.

    • If an aircraft passes below the minimum recovery altitude as established in MAJCOM MDS-series instructions or this instruction for the event being flown.

    • A double-firing burst versus a single target

    • Strafing past the foul line

    • Lazy recovery from a strafe pass

    • Dropping flares below the minimums or outside the impact areas

    • Over flight of nearby cities/villages below the minimums

    • Firing a weapon w/out clearance or failing to communicate as outlined in this instruction while in the pattern.

    • Aircrews will not perform further deliveries after receiving a second foul on the range. A single dangerous foul, as judged by the RCO or flight leader, will also restrict aircrew from per- forming further deliveries during that sortie.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

COMMS

  • SCOUT’s Freq’s:

    • Range Air – UHF 339.10 / UHF Preset 19 primary

    • SCOUT FAC/RCO Freq – VHF 126.200 / VHF Preset 4

    • Ground Safety / Emergency – UHF Backup 6 (Guard)

  • Positive 2-way comm w/all players

  • We’’ll interrupt to call spillouts/traffic, fouls, or any breaches of range rules!

  • All “aborts” will be in plain language and acknowledged. (i.e. “Viper1, abort, abort, abort” and Viper1 acknowledges “Copy Abort” and immediately starts CSEM.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

GO / NO GO

  • FAC or RCO on station

    • Can’t drop without ‘em!

  • Any Loss of Comm

    • Abort or Check Fire

  • No firing will be conducted after crossing:

    • Eastern road/tree line surrounding Zulu Impact

    • Double white line on strafing lanes for low angle strafe targets in Whiskey Impact

    • Northern Tree line for High Angle Strafe in Whiskey Impact


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Range Airspace & Regulations


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE SUA POLICY

Range Complex Air Operations. All aircraft operating within the

MCIWEST-MCB CAMPEN Range Complex airspace shall do so concurrently with other aircraft under the provisions of "see and avoid."SCOUT will provide procedural flight following and safety alerts to participating aircraft relative to live fire or hazardous range activity, to the maximum extent possible. However, range and training area familiarity, a review of the daily training schedule, and enhanced aircrew vigilance are critical to flight safety and success while operating within the complex. Although the requirement to "see and avoid" other aircraft rests solely with the pilot, SCOUT will provide advisories in relation to the proximity of other observed aircraft, workload permitting. In addition, and by virtue of geographic location and proximity to civilian airports and the coastline, airspace incursions by unauthorized civilian aircraft are not uncommon. In the case of an observed airspace incursion, SCOUT will check fire those live fire ranges that may be affected, and provide advisories to participating aircraft, as required.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE GENERAL AIRSPACE INFO

General. Restricted Area RK-79 has been established and delegated by the FAA to support hazardous training activities at KOON-NI RANGE COMPLEX. Koon-ni has been designated as the using agency for this restricted area. 1st VFW Training Command maintains sole approval and scheduling authority for all users and activities to include ground, sea, and aviation operations taking place within this airspace.

The RK-79 SUA is subdivided into Rk-79A, RK-79B, and RK-79C. Rk-79A surrounds the western and northern boundaries of RK-79C and is from 2,000’ to 25,000’ MSL to support all heavyweight IPs and approved run-in headings for Koon-ni . RK-79B is rectangular oriented North-South, and overlies Gwan-gog Village, R110 Airstrip, and coastal areas extending offshore 2 nautical miles, 2,000’ to 15,000 mean sea level (MSL). Its Northern boundary overlaps with the Southern boundary of Rk-79C. RK 79C is the airspace from the surface to 25,000’ MSL overlying Koon-ni impact areas and includes all approved strafe IPs and run-in headings. RK-79C is for use by all aviation assets. Koon-ni SUA is depicted in Figure 4-1on the next slide.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE GENERAL AIRSPACE INFO

ACMI

Note: Tanker will be above ACMI Airspace

RK-79A

RK-79C

CHURCHILL - OSN

RK-79B

MOA 1

CLOSED

SANDBOX - KUZ


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE GENERAL AIRSPACE INFO

RK-79C

SURFACE to 25,000’ MSL

No weapons are permitted to be dropped above 25,000’ MSL (on local OSAN Control altimeter settings), and while the restricted airspace goes to the surface, Koon-ni range restricts any aircraft operating below 1,000 AGL in ZULU impact area and 500’ AGL in WHISKEY IMPACT


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE GENERAL AIRSPACE INFO

RK-79C

SURFACE to 25,000’ MSL

RK-79A

2,000’ to 25,000’ MSL

RK-79B

2,000’ to 15,000’ MSL

Difficult to show in 3 dimensional view – but wanted to show how RK-27B overlaps with RK-79C. Also RK-79A surrounds RK-79C on the West and North but I’m unable to show that on this slide.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Koon-ni Weapons Range

Heavyweight (including AGMs) ordnance release only permitted in ZULU Impact area (BDUs are permitted). WHISKEY Impact is ONLY for strafe or BDU.

ZULU IMPACT

NO OVER-FLIGHT

CONTROL TWR

WHISKEY IMPACT


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE “T” POINTS

  • NOTAMS

  • “T” Points are standardized locations that can be used for Contact Points (CP) or Initial Points (IP) as needed. Using IPs not located at one of the 5 “T” points I not permitted. They are located in positions to help facilitate approved run in headings.

  • T1 – “NORTH GATE”

  • T2 – “SOJUE”

  • T3 – “LONGRIFLE” (Low Angle Strafe)

  • T4 – “CASE” (High Angle Strafe)

  • T5 – “SOUTH GATE”

  • Always enter Koon-niairpsace through T5 “South Gate” or T1 “North Gate”. Entry from the West or East is not permitted. Please take note of this when returning from the tanker located in ACMI.

1

2

3

4

5


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

CT SORTIE APPROVED ROUTING

  • NOTAMS

  • NOTE: UI Maps altitude blocks are not accurate. Refer to airspace info included in this document.

  • KOON-NI IS LOCATED NEXT TO HIGH TRAFFIC AREAS. THE ROUTES BELOW ARE THE RECOMMENDED MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES TO SAFELY DECONFLICT. SQUAWK ‘4000’ MODE C WHILE ON MILITARY ROUTES.

  • ENTER (RK)R 79 A&C) AT “SOUTH GATE” AND CONTACT SCOUT ON BRIEFED UHF FREQ W/IN 10 NAUTICAL MILES OF ENTERING RANGE AIRSPACE.

  • FAC WILL PROVIDE VFR ALTITUDE BLOCK AND HEADING TO HOLDING POINT FOR CHECK IN, SAFETY BRIEF, AND ANY RANGE RESTRICTIONS.

  • HAVE YOUR CLEARANCE REQUEST READY AT CHECK IN WITH THE INFORMATION COVERED ON THE NEXT SLIDE.

NORTH GATE

VR-1071

TANKER TRACK

VR-1066

SOUTH GATE

VR-156

  • 3 Digit MTRs are above 1500 AGL, and 4 digit MTRs are below.

  • Note that you will cross over the ADIZ to get gas from the tanker


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RKSS

RKSM

EMERGENCY

DIVERT

AIRFIELDS

R103

RKSW

042° / 30.6NM

360° /31.7NM

050° / 17.5NM

355° / 124.0NM

RKSO

093° / 16.7NM

KOON-NI RANGE

COMPLEX

214° / 27.5NM

109° / 20.5NM

RKSG

178° / 15.3NM

RKTP

188° / 67.0NM

R110

RKJK

NOT TO SCALE


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Today’s Sorties - Events

  • All Events must be one of the established profiles below for today’s sortie:


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

TWO PATTERNS TODAY

  • NOTE TO SCALE – VISUAL AID ONLY

Strafe

Heavyweight/BDU

040° Run In

NOTE:

ONLY ONE PATTERN CAN BE ACTIVE AT A TIME.

240° Run In

060° Run In

220° Downwind


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

ZULU Pattern – Heavyweights & BDUs

  • NOTE TO SCALE – VISUAL AID ONLY

Visual Cue:

Keep Symbology North of this East/West white Road

240° Run In

060° Run In


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

WHISKEY Pattern – Low Angle Strafe

  • NOTE TO SCALE – VISUAL AID ONLY

040° Run In

WARNING:

Do NOT cut the corner on BASE leg. Over flight of Tower is NOT permitted!

220° Downwind


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

WHISKEY Pattern – Low Angle Strafe

  • NOTE TO SCALE – VISUAL AID ONLY

VISUAL CUE:

Complete base turn prior to this small island. (There is more island closer to the pattern but not visible in this image).

220° Downwind

WARNING:

Do NOT cut the corner on BASE leg. Over flight of Tower is NOT permitted!

040° Run In


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

WHISKEY Pattern – Low Angle Strafe

  • NOTE TO SCALE – VISUAL AID ONLY

VISUAL CUE:

Complete base turn prior to this small island. (There is more island closer to the pattern but not visible in this image).

220° Downwind

WARNING:

Do NOT cut the corner on BASE leg. Over flight of Tower is NOT permitted!

040° Run In


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Low Angle Strafe Panels

  • NOTE TO SCALE – VISUAL AID ONLY

WARNING:

NO FLARES OUTSIDE IMPACT AREA

WARNING:

CEASE FIRING AT THIS LINE. ANY GUNS FIRED PASSED THIS LINE WILL CONSTITUTE A FOUL


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

Low Angle Strafe Panels

  • NOTE TO SCALE – VISUAL AID ONLY

LEFT

CENTER

RIGHT

NOTE:

RCO/FAC will inform which strafing panel is active.


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

APPENDIX


Koon ni ct sortie 7 12 2014

RANGE RULES - NVGs

  • 1. General. Aircraft operating within Camp Pendleton airspace on night vision devices shall follow the lighting configuration described below.

    • a. Single Aircraft Operations. Anti-collision lights shall be on; navigation lights shall be on at the highest intensity consistent with NVG compatibility.

    • b. Multiple Aircraft Operations. All aircraft in the flight shall have navigation, anti-collision, formation and blade tip lights on at intensity levels in keeping with safe flight. Aircraft in the flight, except the last aircraft, may turn off the anti-collision light if deemed in the best interests of safety by the pilot in command/flight leader. Separation between the lead aircraft and last aircraft in the flight shall not exceed one NM.

    • 2. See and Avoid. The requirement to “see and avoid” shall take priority over NVG tactical training. Modification, taping, and/or cat eyeing ofexternallighting are not authorized.


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