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Poe. Gothic Romanticism. Review. Edwards was a pre-Romantic author, using nature, but denying self because of Christ. Franklin believed in moral perfections, with residual Calvinist principles, but was self-focused and used self-correction. Novel was frowned upon. Bad.

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Gothic Romanticism

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Gothic romanticism

Poe

Gothic Romanticism


Review

Review

  • Edwards was a pre-Romantic author, using nature, but denying self because of Christ.

  • Franklin believed in moral perfections, with residual Calvinist principles, but was self-focused and used self-correction.

  • Novel was frowned upon. Bad.

  • French revolution started the ball rolling by creating a real-life world of terror, and then came…


Gothic form

Gothic Form

  • Anne Radcliffe (English) began writing Gothic novels.

  • Formula: castle, somewhere in Italy(slam on Roman Catholics/pope), young girl fleeing from terror, appears manifestations of supernatural, grave yard scene, she gets captured, almost killed, pursued by good guy, at the end, the ghosts are proved to be fakes,

  • …sound familiar?


Gothic romanticism

Boo!

  • Gothic


Gothic forms

Gothic Forms

  • Dracula

  • Detective stories/films

  • Slasher films

  • Horror films

  • Stephen King

  • All ask the question: When bad things happen, and you take out God, what do you do? Turn to madness.


Poe a love hate guy

Poe – A Love/Hate Guy

  • “His [Poe’s] talents are of an order that can never prove a comfort to their possessor.” —John Allan (stepfather)

  • “Poe was born a poet, his mind is stamped with the impress of genius. He is, perhaps, the most original writer that ever existed in America. “- George Lippard, critic.

  • “Your ‘Raven’ has produced a sensation, a ‘fit horror,’ here in England. Some of my friends are taken by the fear of it and some by the music. I hear of persons haunted by the ‘Nevermore,’— (Miss Barrett [Elizabeth Barrett Browning] 


Love hate

Love/Hate

  • “Oh, you mean the jingle-man.” 

    — R. W. Emerson

  • “Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?”

    — Arthur Conan Doyle

  • “That Poe had a powerful intellect is undeniable: but it seems to me the intellect of a highly gifted person before puberty.” 

    — T. S. Eliot

  • “It’s because I liked Edgar Allan Poe’s stories so much that I began to make suspense films.” — Alfred Hitchcock


Today s plan

Today’s Plan

  • Tone and Mood worksheet

  • Read “Tell Tale Heart”

    • Annotate

    • Find evidence of tone and mood

    • Reflect on Gothic elements versus Romantic elements

    • Homework: Complete Moby-Dick assignment for next class.


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