The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration
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THE RELATION BETWEEN CORONAL EIT WAVE AND MAGNETIC CONFIGURATION. Speakers: Xin Chen. 1. INTRODUCTION. Coronal extrapolated magnetic fields EIT wave The relation of CME and EIT wave (mechanism). 1.1 Coronal extrapolated magnetic fields

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THE RELATION BETWEEN CORONAL EIT WAVE AND MAGNETIC CONFIGURATION

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

THE RELATION BETWEEN CORONAL EITWAVE AND MAGNETIC CONFIGURATION

Speakers: Xin Chen


1 introduction

1. INTRODUCTION

  • Coronal extrapolated magnetic fields

  • EIT wave

  • The relation of CME and EIT wave (mechanism)


The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.1 Coronal extrapolated magnetic fields

The magnetic features of lower coronal is the key of understanding its physical origins

The direct measurement (Zeeman Splitting) of the coronal magnetic field is particularly difficult

A complementary method of the field measurements is a precise extrapolation of the accurately observed photospheric magnetic field.

Currently potential field approximations can be easily used

1. INTRODUCTION

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.2 EIT Wave

Running-difference

1. INTRODUCTION

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.2 EIT wave

EIT waves were discovered by the EUV Imaging Telescope (EIT)

They propagate nearly circularly from a flare site (Moses et al. 1997; Thompson et al. 1998) or inhomogeneously, avoiding strong magnetic features and neutral lines. Generally, they stop near coronal holes (Thompson et al. 1999). Research (Biesecker et al. 2002) indicates that if an EIT wave is observed, then there must be a CME. However not all CMEs have associated EIT waves.

The typical velocity of EIT wave is 170~350km/s, average is 270km/s

Generally considered, the brightening and dimming of EIT wave is caused by the increase or decrease of density of plasma in coronal. Some article also indicate variation of temperature is not negligible.

1. INTRODUCTION

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.3 The relation of CME and EIT wave (mechanism)

Solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are presently the largest known solar eruptive activity in spatial scale. From Visible coronagraph it presents as a transient coronal phenomenon obvious brightening than background .

1. INTRODUCTION

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.3 The relation of CME and EIT wave (mechanism)

Fast-mode waves can not explain those properties of EIT wave:

The velocity of EIT wave is less than 1/3 velocity of Moreton wave

Delanne´e & Aulanier discover sometimes EIT wave would stop at magnetic separator surface

The velocity of EIT wave has no correlation with velocity of type II radio bursts at the same time, however the velocity of Moreton wave is proportional to the latter

The wave velocity of EIT wave sometimes is much smaller than lower coronal sound speed, since the fast-mode waves are always larger than it

1. INTRODUCTION

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.3 The relation of CME and EIT wave (mechanism)

1. INTRODUCTION

Numerical simulation result from Chen, P.F.:

Global evolution of the density (color), magnetic field (solid lines), and velocity (arrows).

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.3 The relation of CME and EIT wave (mechanism)

1. INTRODUCTION

Evolution of the

density (r) distribution.

Note that the r distribution at each time is stacked on the previous one.

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

1.3 The relation of CME and EIT wave (mechanism)

1. INTRODUCTION

Propagation of EIT wave front from point C to point D, where the rising flux rope is the original source for the successive opening of all field lines. Solid lines represent the initial configuration; dashed lines correspond to the new configuration at each new time; wavy lines represent the fast-mode waves emitted from the EIT wave fronts. Moreton waves, much ahead of the EIT wave fronts, are not shown.

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2 data processing

2. DATA PROCESSING

2.1 PFSS

The coronal magnetic field

models used from IDL – SSW

– PFSS. This software is based

on evolving full-sun Carrington

maps of the photospheric

magnetic field, into which

SOHO/MDI magnetograms are

directly inserted when available.

The coronal magnetic field is then

deduced by extrapolating the

photospheric field upward via the

potential-field source-surface

(PFSS) approximation.

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

2.1 PFSS

Since MDI magnetogramsis a synthesis of one rotation cycle of sun (27 days),PFSS can not show the variation of magnetic field when EIT wave arising (1-2 hours).All extrapolated magnetic field lines present the quiet sun magnetic structure before EIT wave.

2. DATA PROCESSING

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

2.2 Running-difference

& Base-difference

In running-difference,

brightening/dimming show

the variation of the last

recent data. If changing it

to minus the data before

EIT wave begins, in other

words, comparing with the

quiet sun. We got

base-difference, which is

appropriate to analyze the

density variation of plasma.

2. DATA PROCESSING

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

2.3 Combine the PFSS extrapolated magnetic field lines and EIT wave

2. DATA PROCESSING

The magnetic field lines in left picture present the quiet sun magnetic field, it does not change. Only the background of EIT base-difference will vary with time.

*footpoints chosen from isometric lon-lat grid

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3 results

3. RESULTS

EIT wave in 04-07-1997

(2)

(1)

(3)

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Eit wave in 04 07 1997 1

EIT wave in 04-07-1997 (1)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 04-07-1997 (2)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 04-07-1997 (3)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 05-12-1997

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 05-12-1997 (1)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 05-12-1997 (2)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 05-12-1997 (3)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 05-12-1997 (4)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 04-29-1998

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 04-29-1998 (1)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 04-29-1998 (2)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 04-29-1998 (3)

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The relation between coronal eit wave and magnetic configuration

EIT wave in 04-29-1998 (4)

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4 conclusion

4. CONCLUSION

This method ---- comparison of full-disk extrapolation magnetic field with EIT base-difference as background is accordant with previous researching conclusion.

According to the mechanism from Chen, P. F. et al 2002. It can explain:

  • 1.EIT wave avoiding strong magnetic features and neutral lines

  • 2.The rotation of brightening of EIT wave

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4 conclusion1

4.CONCLUSION

Method: Comparison PFSS full-disk extrapolation magnetic

field with EIT base difference

Example: Analyze 3 major EIT events during 1997-1998

Test: Present the properties of EIT wave

Mechanism: EIT wave stretch closed field lines driven by an erupting flux rope.

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