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Global Studies & Geography Regents Review. Mr. Bell 2011. Anti-Semitism . Hatred towards Jews. Apartheid. South African government policy calling for separation of races. Appeasement. Policy of giving into the demands of an aggressor in order to keep peace. Aztecs.

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Global studies geography regents review

Global Studies & GeographyRegents Review

Mr. Bell


Anti semitism

  • Hatred towards Jews


  • South African government policy calling for separation of races


  • Policy of giving into the demands of an aggressor in order to keep peace


  • Native American Tribe located in Central Mexico, defeated by Hernan Cortes

Balance of power
Balance of Power

  • Distribution of political and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too powerful

  • Goal of Congress of Vienna following Napoleon’s Reign


  • Members of the 1917 Russian Revolutionary group who overthrew the Czar

Boxer rebellion
Boxer Rebellion

  • Event in early 1900’s in which a group known as boxers assaulted foreign communities across china


  • Religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama in India

  • Major Beliefs:

    • Follow the Eight Fold Path to Nirvana

    • Reincarnation

    • To End suffering you must end your desires

      • Four Noble Truths

Byzantine empire
Byzantine Empire

  • In 476 AD the Western part of the Roman Empire collapsed, the Eastern part was renamed the Byzantine Empire

Caste system
Caste System

  • Social class hierarchy in India


  • 1986, Nuclear Power plant had a complete melt down in Soviet Union (Ukraine)

Civil disobedience
Civil Disobedience

  • The refusal to obey an unjust law

  • Made famous by Gandhi in South Africa and India

Code of hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi

  • Written code of laws

  • Laws punished those found guilty harshly

    • “ an eye for an eye”

Code of justinian
Code of Justinian

  • Emperor Justinian consolidated Roman Law into his own single code of laws for the Byzantine Empire

Cold war
Cold War

  • Continuing tensions between the USA and USSR following World War II because of political and economic differences

Commercial revolution
Commercial Revolution

  • Change in business in Europe following the middle ages


  • Political policy that governed the USSR and many other nations during the Cold War

  • Father: Karl Marx

  • Characteristics:

    • Dictator

    • Censorship

    • No religion

    • Secret Police


  • Philosophy based on what Confucius saw as the basic order of the universe

    • Filial Piety: respect for your elders

    • Five Relationships

    • Harmony in society

Congress of vienna
Congress of Vienna

  • Conference held in 1815 among European diplomats that had the purpose of restoring order and stability to Europe

Counter reformation
Counter Reformation

  • Catholic churches response to Martin Luther’s Protestant Reformation

    • Council of Trent

    • Stop the sale of indulgences

    • St Ignatius of Loyola


  • Series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims over the holy land

    • Jerusalem

Cuban missile crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis

  • In 1962, US president orders naval blockade of Cuba to prohibit the Soviet Union from shipping nuclear missile to island …World was on brink on nuclear war

Cuban revolution
Cuban Revolution

  • Fidel Castro toppled Cuban dictator and set up a communist country supported by USSR

Cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution

  • Mao’s disastrous attempt to reinvigorate Communism , red guard forced educated people to work on farms, destroyed old culture


  • Destruction of forests, especially tropical rain forest


  • The change from farmable land to deserts

Developing nations
Developing Nations

  • Nation with limited resources that faces obstacles in achieving modern industrial economies , referred to sometimes as third world nations

Divine right
Divine Right

  • Right to rule given by god

Encomienda system
Encomienda System

  • System established by Spanish in America allowing colonists to demand labor or tribute from native Americans.


  • Period in 1700’s when people began to reject traditional ideas

European union
European Union

  • Expansion of the European Community in the 1980’s and 1990’s.

    • European Community- group of nations established in 1957 to expand trade in Europe


  • System of government in which local lords controlled their own lands but owe military service to the king

Final solution
Final Solution

  • Hitler’s plan to exterminate all Jews who existed in Europe

French revolution
French Revolution

  • Revolution of poor peasants against the King of France…

  • Because…

    • M- Monarchy weak

    • E- Enlightenment ideas

    • A- American Revolution

    • T- Taxes and third estate


  • Attempt to destroy an entire ethnic or religious group


  • Period of openness between Soviet Union and USA in mid 1980’ by Mikhail Gorbachev

Global warming
Global Warming

  • Theory that the earth is heating up because of pollution and the green house effect.

Great leap forward
Great Leap Forward

  • Program began by Mao Zedong in China in 1958 to increase agricultural and industrial output

Green revolution
Green Revolution

  • Development of new varieties of plants and improved agricultural techniques that resulted in greatly increased crop yields

Gulf war
Gulf War

  • War fought in the 1990’s between Iraq and a coalition force led by United States to liberate Kuwait from Iraq

Gupta empire
Gupta Empire

  • Golden Age of Indian History


  • Religion founded in India, a polytheistic religion

  • Beliefs:

    • Reincarnation

    • Karma

    • dharma

Hiroshima nagasaki
Hiroshima /Nagasaki

  • Cities that atomic bomb was dropped on to end World War II in Pacific


  • Act of genocide by Nazi Germany during World War II

Ira irish republic army
(IRA) Irish Republic Army

  • Terrorist organization fighting for an independent Ireland in Northern Ireland

Inca empire
Inca Empire

  • Pre Columbian Civilization found in South America, in the area of Peru and Chile. Known for their extensive road system and terrace farming..

Indus river valley
Indus River valley

  • One of the first major civilizations of the world, found in India

    • Known for plumbing system

Industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution

  • Period in which production of goods changed from hand made tools to using power driven machines

  • Causes:

    • Geography

    • Raw materials

    • Population growth

    • capital to invest

  • Effects

    • Capitalism vs. Socialism

    • New class structure

    • Urbanization

    • Working conditions

    • Improved transportation


  • Uprising of young Palestinians in Israel in the 1980’s

Islamic fundamentalism
Islamic Fundamentalism

  • Movement by Muslim reformers who oppose westernization

Laissez faire
Laissez faire

  • Policy allowing business to operate without government interference

League of nations
League of Nations

  • Group of more than 40 countries formed after World War I, very weak…

Mandate of heaven
Mandate of Heaven

  • Right to rule given by God

    • Chinese

Marshall plan
Marshall Plan

  • Plan to help rebuild Europe following World War II

Maurya empire
Maurya Empire

  • first united Indian empire


  • Pre-Columbian society in Central America, highly advanced society

Meiji restoration
Meiji Restoration

  • Modernization of Japan under the Meiji Emperor

Mexican revolution
Mexican Revolution

  • Overthrow of Dictator Porfirio Diaz because of the uneven distribution of wealth in country

  • Effects:

    • Constitution

    • Social reforms

    • Development of economy

Middle ages
Middle Ages

  • Time period in history between 500 Ad and 1500 AD; time of great darkness, no education, people lived in fear


  • Group of nomadic horseback men, who controlled the worlds largest empire stretching from China to Constantinople


  • Belief in one god

    • Christianity

    • Judaism

    • Islam


  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization – a pact between western nations who pledged to support each other if any member was attacked


  • North American Free Trade Agreement- allows countries in North America to trade with each other freely

New economic policy
New Economic Policy

  • VI Lenin’s economic policy to help fix economic problems in Soviet Union

Ninety five theses
Ninety-Five Theses

  • Martin Luther’s 95 arguments against the Catholic Church, led to the Protestant Reformation


  • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries- trade group that sets world oil prices by controlling oil production

    • Saudi Arabia

    • Venezuela

    • Iran

    • Iraq

    • Kuwait

Open door policy
Open Door policy

  • When the United States forced the opening of trade with Japan in the late 1800’s


  • Palestinian Liberation Organization- wants a home state for the Palestinians ‘

    • Used terrorists acts in order to prove point and raise attention to issue.

Pan arabism

  • Movement emphasizing the unity for all Arab people


  • Restructuring of Soviet government under Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980’s

Qu ran

  • Holy book of Islam


  • Martin Luther's movement protesting the teachings of the catholic church


  • Period of rebirth in education throughout Europe in the 1600’s


  • Attempt by Russia to make all groups of people under Russian rule to think , act and believe as Russians

Scientific revolution
Scientific Revolution

  • Period in the 1500’s and 1600’s in which scientists challenged traditional ideas and relied on observation and experimentation


  • In Japanese Feudal society military commander whom held real power

Social darwinism
Social Darwinism

  • Justification for the White Europeans to imperialize Africa, because the white race was the fittest to survive

Tang song dynasty
Tang & Song Dynasty

  • Golden age of Chinese history, invented many great things we still use today

    • Gunpowder

Tiananmen square protests
Tiananmen Square Protests

  • Student protests for a pro democracy government in China (1989), led to government crack down on protesters

Trans atlantic slave trade
Trans Atlantic slave trade

  • The slave trade that took place between Africa and the Americas in the 16 and 1700’s

Treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles

  • Treaty that was signed at the end of the Great War

    • Leads to WWII

    • Creates League of Nations

    • Punishes Germany for war

Truman doctrine
Truman Doctrine

  • Economic and military program of United States designed to help other countries resist Soviet aggression

    • Idea of containment

Warsaw pact
Warsaw Pact

  • Defensive alliance among soviet union and its satellite promising mutual military cooperation

Young turks
Young Turks

  • Movement established by Turks in the late 1800’s to reform ottoman empire

    • Mustafa Kemal – westernize Ottoman Empire


  • In Africa, when you have greater allegiances to your tribe than your nation