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World History CST Review Part I. The Athenians invented d ______y, but prior to this Athenians were ruled by small groups of aristocratic men, a government known as an ________y. _______ and _______used r_____l

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The Athenians invented d ______y, but prior to thisAthenians were ruled by small groups of aristocratic men, a government known as an ________y. _______ and _______used r_____l

inquiry to study governments, creating a spirit of questioning which led to the development of …

emocrac

ationa

Plato

aristocrac

Aristotle

democracy.


Plato

Aristotle

government;

egitimat

rule

In Politics , __________ came to the conclusion that... constitutional government was the best type of government.

Aristotle

Both _____ and ________ believed that tyranny (ruleby a tyrant/dictator) was an ill______e form of _________ a form of government which ignored the ____ of law.


The Republic

philosopher

ule

tyrant.

Plato, in________, stated that the best type of r___rwould be a _________-king (or any type of enlightened ruler), but certainly not rule by a …


The influence was the idea of a republic, where the powers of the government are separated and citizens vote for representatives.

Describe the influence of the ancient Romans on the Framers of the U.S. Constitution (1787).


12 of the government are separated and citizens vote for representatives.

written

hang

urop

jury

The Romans created the __ Tables, laws which protected allcitizens, and most importantly were ______down and displayed publically (so that no ruler could arbitrarily c____e the law). These laws are used today in E___ e and in the United States (e.g. the right to a ___ trial and an individual is i______t until proven _____).

nnocen

guilty


if of the government are separated and citizens vote for representatives.

ibert

ropert

opula

overeignt

rebel

eopl

qua

John e believed that people were born with the natural rights of l_e, l___ y, and the right to own p____ y. He believed that the government receives its power from the people (p____r s_______y), and that if the government does not protect the peoples’ rights, then the people should _____and create a government that protects their rights.All p___e, according to Locke should be e __ l under the law.


Mon of the government are separated and citizens vote for representatives.quieu

eparatin

branch

power

alance

heck

____ tes ____ believed in s______ g the powers of government. This was important, he believed, so that no one ______ (legislative, executive, and judicial) had too much _____. This system is known as c____s and b_____sin the U.S. Constitution (1787).


oussea of the government are separated and citizens vote for representatives.

socia

government

enera

law

la

reedo

According to R_____ u, a ____l contract exists between the citizens and their ____________, which is an agreement where citizens give up some of their freedoms for the “g____l will” of society. In this exchange, the citizens grant the government the power to make and enforce ___s. Additionally, there should be a balance between the rule of __w and an individual’s f_____m.


Montesquieu and rousseau also used reason and logic in their analysis of government
Montesquieu and Rousseau also used reason and logic in their analysis of government.

Montesquieu and Rousseau can be directly compared to Plato and Aristotle, in that..


The Declaration of Independence(1776) was written by Thomas Jefferson and reflects the political theory of John Locke (that people are born with natural rights, and that the principle function of the government is to protect the natural rights of the people).

"...that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."

  • Discuss the connection between the three images above and the quote.


olitica Jefferson and reflects the political theory of John Locke (that people are born with natural rights, and that the principle function of the government is to protect the natural rights of the people).

conomi

American revolutionaries sought both

p_____l and e______c independence from

Great Britain.


How are these three images related? Jefferson and reflects the political theory of John Locke (that people are born with natural rights, and that the principle function of the government is to protect the natural rights of the people).

The American colonists revolted against British rule due to excessive taxation by the British Parliament (“No taxation without…”


epubli Jefferson and reflects the political theory of John Locke (that people are born with natural rights, and that the principle function of the government is to protect the natural rights of the people).

tat

ationa

for new democracies around the world.

The U.S. Constitution (1787) created a federal r______c, where the power is shared between the s__ e and the n____ l government. The U.S. Constitution(1787) has served as amodel…


Madison Jefferson and reflects the political theory of John Locke (that people are born with natural rights, and that the principle function of the government is to protect the natural rights of the people).

father

Constitution.

James _______is considered to be the _____ of the U.S. Constitution(1787). The American Revolution created a lasting…


Magna Jefferson and reflects the political theory of John Locke (that people are born with natural rights, and that the principle function of the government is to protect the natural rights of the people).

Carta

The ___________ ___________ (1215) ended the a_____e power of _______ kings.

English

bsolut


limited, above, law, Great Council, taxes, due process, jury, and democracy, and constitutional monarchy

In regards to King John signing the Magna Carta (1215), how many sentences can you form with the word bank below?


rotestant jury, and democracy, and constitutional monarchy

arliamen

loriou

constitutional monarchy.

Bill

Rights

epublican

Parliamen

P_______s William and Mary were asked by P______ t to rule England in 1688. This G_____s (bloodless) Revolution established the principle of… The English ____ of _______ (1689) is an example of r_______ism, as it provided for the free election of members of ________t.


ntellectua jury, and democracy, and constitutional monarchy

easo

hilosoph

atura

aw

elationshi

people.

government

The En enment, was an i_______l

movement based on the use of r___n, logic ,

and n____l l__s, where the p______ es

focused on the r_______ p between the...

and the . . .


Declaration jury, and democracy, and constitutional monarchy

Rights

en

born

free

equal

Rousseau

bir

The __________ of the ______ of Man (1789) declared that "M___are _______ and remain _______ and _________ in rights," and reflects the thinking of ___________ (who believed these rights were given at __ th.).


the French turned on each other and put to death counterrevolutionaries during a period known as the Reign of Terror (1793-1794), led by Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety.

The American Revolution (1775-1781) is dissimilar to the French Revolution (1789-1799), in that...


ibert counterrevolutionaries during a period known as the Reign of Terror (1793-1794), led by Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety.

qualit

taxatio

bsolutis

The slogan of the French Revolution was

l___ y, e ____y, and fraternity. The immediate

cause of this revolution was an unfair system of

_____ n and the a______m of Louis XVI.


Reign counterrevolutionaries during a period known as the Reign of Terror (1793-1794), led by Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety.

tabl

During the _______of Terror, France did not have a s___egovernment. Napoleon brought stability to France.


Napoleon counterrevolutionaries during a period known as the Reign of Terror (1793-1794), led by Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety.

ou

irector

ictato

he attempts to prevent the European Continent from trading with Great Britain.

__________comes to power in France through a c__p (overthrows the D_____y), and rules France as ad____ r. Napoleon imposes the Continental System, where…


Napoleonic Code, a code of laws which reflected the ideas of the French Revolution (1789-1799), where all citizens (except women) were equal before the law.

Napoleon's greatest legal legacy is the...


tabilit the French Revolution (1789-1799), where all citizens (except women) were equal before the law.

hao

dea

ationalis

ownfa

Napoleon and his troops brought s____ y to France, thus ending the c___s of ten years of revolution. He and his troops spread the i___s of the French Revolution ("Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity") and n ______m throughout Europe (with the idea of nationalism resulting in his d ____ll).


balance the French Revolution (1789-1799), where all citizens (except women) were equal before the law.

balance

power

peace

urrounde

Prince Metternich + Congress of Vienna = a ______ of _____ amongst European countries which sought to bring _____to Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. France was s______ d by strong countries to prevent possible future revolutions brought about by ideas of the French Revolution.


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