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Types of Government. Where did government come from?. Monarchy. Traced back to 750 B.C., Greek Kings ruled a polis (city) King/Queen control land and citizens Rule is divine and given by “ God ” It is hereditary (passed down from one generation to another)

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types of government

Types of Government

Where did government come from?

monarchy
Monarchy
  • Traced back to 750 B.C., Greek Kings ruled a polis (city)
  • King/Queen control land and citizens
  • Rule is divine and given by “God”
  • It is hereditary (passed down from one generation to another)
  • Absolute monarch: ruler has complete authority of their land and citizens
autocracy
Autocracy
  • One person or group of people have unlimited power
    • Three types
authoritarian
Authoritarian
  • In 600 B.C., Sparta became a military state
  • Military Rule- characterized by or favoring absolute obedience to authority
  • Leader has complete politcial control
  • Not responsible to the will of the people
  • Media is censured
  • Freedoms restricted
  • No criticism of government
totalitarian
Totalitarian
  • State has completed control over all aspects of life (Economic, Social, and Political) based on an ideology
  • Absolutely no opposition allowed
  • Complete Media controlled and controls people through the media
  • Controlled by Violence (Terror)
  • Everyone is subordinated to the ruling party
dictatorship
Dictatorship
  • One person has complete control of government
  • Uses oppressing manners to gain control
aristocracy
Aristocracy
  • Developed in Athens 700 B.C.
  • Ruled by noble landlords (wealth that is passed down)
  • Rule is based on wealth, socail rank, and family ties
  • Social status and wealth support authority to rule
  • Nobles report to one main leader
  • Supports authoritarian rule
oligarchy
Oligarchy
  • State ruled by a selected few (wealthy business men)
  • Rule is based on wealth and /or ability
  • Controls the military
democracy
Democracy
  • Government where power rests with the people
  • Two types
    • Direct
    • Indirect or representative
democracy continued
Democracy Continued
  • Direct Democracy
    • Controls remains in the hands of the voters
    • Majority rule decides vote
  • Indirect Democracy (Republic)
    • People don’t exercise power directly
    • Elected representatives make decisions for people
    • Constitution lists basic organization and operation of the government. States limitations
aristotle s cycle of government
Aristotle’s Cycle of Government

Divine Rights of kings

Absolute Monarch (King Richard)

Island Mob Rule

Autocracy

Totalitarian – Controls Everything

Authorritarian – Controls Military

Dictatorship – Controls governtment

Wealth + many creates a polis (Does the greatest good for the greatest number)

Wealthy Heredrity (Magna Carta)

Wealthy Business Men (Russia)

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