634-44 Reign of ‘Umar
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qadi = judge shari‘a = Islamic law al-Awza‘i (d. 774) - active in Syria PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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634-44 Reign of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab Late 8th-early 9th c. Formalisation of shari‘a. qadi = judge shari‘a = Islamic law al-Awza‘i (d. 774) - active in Syria Abu Hanifa (d. 767) - active in Iraq Malik ibn Anas (d. 795) - active in Medina, wrote al-Muwatta’ (book of legal rulings).

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qadi = judge shari‘a = Islamic law al-Awza‘i (d. 774) - active in Syria

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Qadi judge shari a islamic law al awza i d 774 active in syria

634-44 Reign of ‘Umar

ibn al-Khattab

Late 8th-early 9th c.

Formalisation of shari‘a

qadi = judge

shari‘a =

Islamic law

al-Awza‘i (d. 774) - active in Syria

Abu Hanifa (d. 767) - active in Iraq

Malik ibn Anas (d. 795) - active in Medina,

wrote al-Muwatta’ (book of legal rulings)


Qadi judge shari a islamic law al awza i d 774 active in syria

hadith = tales of

sayings and actions

of Muhammad and

companions

Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi‘i (d. Egypt 820)

isnad = chain of transmitters

‘ilm al-rijal = “knowledge of men” = science of

studying individuals named in isnads

Late 8th-early 9th c.

Increasing importance

placed on hadith

from Muhammad


Qadi judge shari a islamic law al awza i d 774 active in syria

Al-Shafi’i’s Sources of Islamic Jurisprudence

(fiqh)

1. The Qur’an

2. The hadith

3. Qiyas (analogy)

4. Ijma‘ (consensus - effectively

of the ‘ulama’ [legal

scholars] as expressed in

fatwas [recorded decisions])


Qadi judge shari a islamic law al awza i d 774 active in syria

Schools of Law (madhhabs)

1. Hanafis - in Iraq, following Abu Hanifa

2. Awza‘is - in Syria, following al-Awza‘i

3. Malikis - in Arabia and elsewhere,

following Malik ibn Anas

4. Shafi‘is - in Egypt, following al-Shafi‘i

5. Hanbalis - following Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855)

6. Zahiris - following Da’ud al-Zahiri (d. 883)


Qadi judge shari a islamic law al awza i d 774 active in syria

mufti = jurisconsult

Pillars of Islam:1. Shahada (testimony)

2. Salat (ritual prayer)

3. Zakat (almsgiving)

4. Sawm (fasting)

5. Hajj (greater pilgrimage)


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