Environmental Impact Assessment - objective and content. Finnish Experience on the Licensing of NPP’s VN/RA/01 Task 1 and 2 Workshop October 2012 Confidential Ilari Aro STUK. What is siting.
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Environmental Impact Assessment - objective and content
Finnish Experience on the Licensing of NPP’s
VN/RA/01 Task 1 and 2 Workshop
Nuclear power plants in Finland
Licensing is divided in two stages: political decision and safety demonstration
Bidding & site preparation
Decision in Principle
Authorities involved in NPP licensing and regulation in Finland
Main contacts between STUK and Ministries
MINISTRY OF EMPLOYMENT AND THE ECONOMY
- administrative authority for the use
of nuclear energy
Budget and supervision
MINISTRY FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS
- nuclear safety in neighbour countries
- non-proliferation of nuclear weapons
Stakeholders in Licensing of nuclear facilities
Public, other authorities,
and expert organizations
Confirms Decision in Principle
Makes licensing decisions
Ministry of Employment
and the Economy:
Statement on safety
Agreement on site
OF PLANT SITE
Three licensing steps
Decision in Principle (DiP) - General criteria of approval
Plant designs studied in DiP phase (OL 3)
Contents of the EIA (1)
Contents of the EIA (2)
EIA procedure (STUK)
Statements or opinions are given by:
Cost estimates for power from future plants
Nordic spot market prices
GENERATION COSTS IN MAY 2006 PRICES, WITHOUT SUBSIDIES AND EMISSION TRADING, REAL INTEREST COST 5 %
1 Preface, 2 p.
2 Project, 8 p.
3 EIA Procedure, Communication and Participation, 6 p.
4 Technical description of the project, 4 p.
5 Licences, permits, plans, notifications and decisions required for the project, 4 p.
6 Relationship of the project to regulations, plans, and programmes concerning environmental protection, 4 p.
7 Limits of environmental impacts assessment, 2 p.
8 Impacts during construction, 10 p.
9 Impacts during normal use; assessment methods, present state of the environment and estimated impacts, 86 p.
10 Nuclear safety and the impacts of exceptional situations and accidents, 10 p.
11 Impacts of the zero option, 8 p.
12 Comparison of alternatives and an assessment of the significance of environmental impacts, 6 p.
13 Prevention and mitigation of impacts, 6 p.
14 Environmental impact monitoring programme, 6 p.
YVL 1.0 Safety criteria for design of nuclear power plants
YVL 1.10 Requirements for siting a nuclear power plant
YVL 2.6 Seismic events and nuclear power plants
YVL 7.1 - 7.7Radiation protection
YVL 7.4 Nuclear power plant emergency preparedness
Guide VAL 1.1 Emergency response