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Homework . Outline pages 463-467, and 475-476 in the textbook. Final exam is on Tuesday, June 18 in the Cafeteria from 12:15 pm – 1:45 pm. It covers material from the second half of the year only. The format is: 45 multiple choice questions 1 essay (you will have two choices)

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Homework
Homework

  • Outline pages 463-467, and 475-476 in the textbook.

  • Final exam is on Tuesday, June 18 in the Cafeteria from 12:15 pm – 1:45 pm. It covers material from the second half of the year only. The format is:

    • 45 multiple choice questions

    • 1 essay (you will have two choices)

      Check out the Final Exam Review Sheet on the website to help focus your studying. The review sheet is NOT comprehensive.



  • Louis XIV ruler of Europe in the 17(The Sun King): Rules 1643-1715

    a. Practiced Absolutism: Having

    unlimited and unchallenged political

    authority in the hands of a single ruler.

    Justified by Divine Right.


A how did previous rulers pave the way for louis xiv
A. How ruler of Europe in the 17did previous rulers pave the way for Louis XIV

  • Louis XIII’s Advisor = Cardinal Richelieu (ruled 1624-1642)

    • Works to expand the power of the monarchy, crush the power of the nobility (spies to crush noble plots, destroys feudal castles of the nobles)

    • Changes the Edict of Nantes (no more fortified towns for Huguenots).

    • Supports the Protestants in the Thirty Years War What is the outcome for France?


B how did louis xiv express his power
B. ruler of Europe in the 17How did Louis XIV express his power?

  • Building of Versailles: Lavish palace 12 miles from Paris

    1. Symbol of French

    power and wealth

    2. King’s residence and

    center of political affairs


C how did he establish absolute rule over the nobility
C. ruler of Europe in the 17How did he establish absolute rule over the nobility?

  • Invited nobles to court at Versailles → Keeps nobles busy, distracts them from politics and lets Louis keep an eye on them.

  • Chose middle class men as his advisors, not powerful nobles

  • Revokes the Edict of Nantes


D what foreign policy did he pursue
D. ruler of Europe in the 17What foreign policy did he pursue?

  • Expansionist: Louis wants to conquer land, wages 4 major European wars

  • How is Louis going to get the money to pay for this and still keep Versailles going?


E what kind of economic policy did louis xiv uphold mercantilism
E. ruler of Europe in the 17What kind of economic policy did Louis XIV uphold → Mercantilism

  • Turns to Mercantilism: Economic theory stating that a country’s power and wealth are based on how much gold and silver it has.

  • To keep gold and silver in the country, you create a favorable balance of trade– export (sell) more goods to other countries than you import (buy) from them.

  • Tariffs (taxes on foreign goods) should be created to keep imports out.

  • Colonies should be established to provide raw materials and serve as markets for French goods

  • Government runs the economy and enforces all of this!


Who oversaw his mercantilist policies jean baptiste colbert
Who oversaw his mercantilist policies = ruler of Europe in the 17Jean- Baptiste Colbert


F by the time louis xiv passed away in 1715 what kind of state was france in
F. ruler of Europe in the 17By the time Louis XIV passed away in 1715, what kind of state was France in?

- France was in debt from Louis’ wars and lavish spending. Peasants are forced to pay high taxes → growing anger


Ii other absolute rulers
II. Other Absolute Rulers ruler of Europe in the 17

  • Russia → Peter the Great (Tsar from 1682-1725)

  • His primary goal is to Westernize Russia

    - Russia was isolated from Europe

    and technologically behind.

    Society was dominated by landed

    aristocrats who had turned most of

    the peasants into serfs.


2 how did he carry out his goals
2. How did he carry out his goals? ruler of Europe in the 17

  • Traveled to the West in disguise to learn about Western technologies and gain new ideas

  • Introduced western customs and dress (shorter beards and coats)

  • Reorganized the army and built up the first Russian navy

  • Built the great port / capital city of St. Petersburg→ “Window to the West”


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