Greco- Persian Wars. Causes ,Consequences , Results. The Persian War!. Hoplites. How Do We Know?. Remember, history is what is remembered and written down, along with the bias of the writer. Herodotus - primary source “Father of History” Ionian Greek
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Causes ,Consequences , Results
“These are the inquiries (the Greek word is ‘histories’) of Herodotus of Halikarnassos, which he sets down so that he can preserve the memory of what these men have done, and ensure that the wondrous achievements of the Greeks and barbarians (the Persians) do not lose their deserved fame, and also to record why we went to war with each other.” -Herodotus
Greece vs Persia
Your Text Here
People to know…
-Leonidas -Cyrus the Great
Key Battles to Know … (there’s 4)
B. of Marathon
B. of Thermopylae
B. of Salamis
B. of Plataea
SO WHAT? Who cares?
What’s at stake?
JUST THE FUTURE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION!
-Who is Victorious? Who has “NIKE”?
Before this, Themistocles’ judgment had proved the best at an important moment; it was when the commonality of Athens had received great sums that came to them from the mines at Laurium, and they were disposed to share them out, with each citizen getting ten drachmas apiece. It was then that Themistocles persuaded the Athenians to abandon this distribution and make instead, with this money, two hundred ships “for the war,” he said, naming the war against the Aeginetans. It was indeed their engagement in this war, just then, that saved Greece, for it compelled the Athenians to become men of the sea. These ships were not used for the purpose for which they were built, but they were there for Greece at the moment of need.
Now the rest of his countrymen thought that the defeat of the barbarians at Marathon was the end of the war; but Themistocles thought it to be only the beginning of greater contests, and for these he anointed himself, as it were, to be the champion of all Greece, and put his polis into training, because, while it was yet far off, he expected the evil that was to come.
- Plutarch, Life of Themistocles, 3.4
Epilates _treason and betrayal
Text of Third Century BCE
May be copy of original of 480 BCE
Discovered in 1959