Ethics on the internet
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Oxford e-Social Science Projec t. Ethics on the Internet. Michael Parker & Annamaria Carusi Ethox Centre & Computing Laboratory Oxford University. Committee for Scientific Freedom and Responsibility (CSFR) list of central ethical issues:.

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Ethics on the internet

Oxford e-Social Science Project

Ethics on the Internet

Michael Parker & Annamaria Carusi

Ethox Centre & Computing Laboratory

Oxford University


Ethics on the internet

Committee for Scientific Freedom and Responsibility (CSFR) list of central ethical issues:

  • Respect for persons (as foundational value for all the rest) [deontological value]

  • Privacy [deontological value]

  • Confidentiality [deontological value]

  • Informed consent [deontological value]

  • Anonymity / pseudonymity as these – along with 1-4 – are complicated in Internet venues

  • Risk/benefit to participants [consequentialist approach]

  • Risk / benefit to social good [consequentialist approach]

  • Public vs private space

  • Subject compensation

  • Justice (i.e. the fair distribution of the benefits of research)

  • Cross-cultural issues

  • Special / vulnerable populations

  • Deception (pro-active)

  • Non-disclosure (passive)

  • Conflict of interest

  • Research misconduct

    (quoted in Ess 2002:179)


Aoir ethical decision making and internet research guidelines

AOIR Ethical decision-making and Internet research guidelines

Questions to ask when undertaking Internet research

A. Venue/environment - expectations -authors/subjects - informed consent . . . .4 - 6

Where does the inter/action, communication, etc. under study take place?

What ethical expectations are established by the venue?

Who are the subjects posters / authors / creators of the material and/or

inter/actions under study?

Informed consent: specific considerations

B. Initial ethical and legal considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 -9

How far do extant legal requirements and ethical guidelines in your

discipline “cover” the research?

How far do extant legal requirements and ethical guidelines in the countries

implicated in the research apply?

What are the initial ethical expectations/assumptions of the authors/subjects

being studied?

What ethically significant risks does the research entail for the subject(s)?

What benefits might be gained from the research?

What are the ethical traditions of researchers and subjects’ culture and

country?

(www.aoir.org/reports/ethics.pdf)


Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements

Our thanks go to the participants of the ‘Ethical, legal and institutional dynamics of e-science: The case of eDiamond’ and the ‘Ethics in e-Science’ workshops, December 2005.


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