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CScope. Key Academic Vocabulary. nonfiction. books/stories that are true and are about real things, people, events and places. Informational Text. gives information about a topic

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Cscope

CScope

Key Academic Vocabulary


Nonfiction

nonfiction

books/stories that are true and are about real things, people, events and places


Informational text

Informational Text

  • gives information about a topic

  • tells facts that can be looked-up or proven

  • tells about real events or real people

  • is divided into sections with headings

  • may include photos with captions, maps, diagrams and illustrations to explain the facts


Expository text

Expository Text

Expository text is nonfiction reading material. The intent of these written works is to inform or explain something to the reading audience.

Places where you can find expository text...

textbooks, encyclopedias, scientific books/journals, atlases, directions, guides, biographies, newspapers, etc…


Procedural text how to

Procedural Text –How To

  • tells how to do something

  • tells what materials are needed

  • tells steps in the correct order


Author s purpose

author’s purpose

the author’s most likely reason for writing the selection


Author s purpose1

author’s purpose

  • entertain – to amuse someone

    EX. fictional stories, comics, poems, jokes, riddles

  • inform – to give information about something; teach something

    EX. news reports, research papers,, school news letters, pamphlets from health clinics

  • persuade – to try to convince someone to think the way you do

    EX. advertisements, newspaper editorials, junk mail, posters

  • describe – to create a character, set a mood or envision a scene

    EX.

  • share feelings – to tell the reader what you are thinking

    EX. journals, diaries, letters

hot and arid


Text structure

text structure

  • descriptive – tells about something

  • sequence– series or steps, items or events in numerical or chronological order

  • problem/solution – problem attempted solutions, results; question and answer format

  • compare/contrast– similarities and differences between two or more things

  • cause/effect – reasons why something happens or exists


Text features

text features

features in text to help locate information

(title, table of contents, illustrations, photographs, bold text, italicized texts, charts, graphs)


Illustrations

illustrations

pictures


Biography

biography

  • is a true story of a person’s life, written by another person

  • usually tells events in time order


Autobiography

autobiography

  • is a true story of a person’s life, written by that person (also known as a memoir)

  • usually tells events in time order


Memoir

memoir

an account of one’s personal life and experiences


Topic

topic

A topicis a word or phrase that tells what the author is writing about in a paragraph.

The topic of a passage is a word or phrase that labels the subject but does not reveal the specific contents of the passage.


Main idea

main idea

  • Every story or paragraph has a main idea.

  • The main idea tells you what the story is about.

  • The main idea maybe the lesson learned or moral of a story.

  • The main idea is the most important part of a story or paragraph.


Supporting details

supporting details

  • The supporting details are the things that describe the main idea.

  • The supporting details make the main idea stronger.


Cscope

fact

A FACT can be proven to be true.


Opinion

opinion

contains value language--

An OPINION is what someone believes -it cannot be proven true or false.

Example: good, difficult, easy, beautiful, should, etc…


Summarize

summarize

to reduce large sections of text to their essential points and main ideas


Analogy

analogy

a vocabulary exercise in which an association between a concept and its attribute is present

Example: hot:cold as north:_______


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