SSCG11 The student will describe the influence of lobbyists business, labor, professional organizations and special inte

SSCG11 The student will describe the influence of lobbyists business, labor, professional organizations and special inte PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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INTEREST GROUPS. What Are Interest Groups?

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SSCG11 The student will describe the influence of lobbyists business, labor, professional organizations and special inte

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1. SSCG11 The student will describe the influence of lobbyists (business, labor, professional organizations) and special interest groups on the legislative process. a. Explain the function of lobbyists. b. Describe the laws and rules that govern lobbyists. c. Explain the function of special interest groups.

2. INTEREST GROUPS What Are Interest Groups? • The Roots and Development of American Interest Groups • What Do Interest Groups Do? • What Makes an Interest Group Successful?

3. What Are Interest Groups? Interest Group (special interests) is an organization of people with similar policy goals that tries to influence the political process to try to achieve those goals. Interest groups try to influence every branch and every level of government.

4. The Roots and Development of American Interest Groups Interest groups have been part of the American political landscape since the country’s founding. James Madison in Federalist #10 argued for a proliferation of groups so that no one group could get hegemony over the other groups. The open nature of the American government invites organized political participation.

5. The Roots and Development of American Interest Groups National Groups Emerge (1830-80) Progressive Era (1890-1920) – Organized Labor – the American Federation of Labor (AFL)(1886) – Business and Trade Associations – The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) (1895) The Rise of the Interest Group State (1960s and 1970s) – Religious and Ideological Groups – Business Groups, Trade and Professional Associations – Organized Labor

6. What Do Interest Groups Do? The most common and effective interest group technique is lobbying or seeking to influence and persuade others to support your group's position. • Lobbyists are hired by your college or university, businesses, foreign countries, trade associations, and anyone else wanting their voice heard on policy matters. • A Lobbyists is someone whose task it is to influence legislation or policymaking.

7. Interest Groups Techniques Direct Techniques: • Lobbying – Private meetings – Testifying – Drafting Legislation – Social Occasions – Providing Political Info – Supplying Nomination suggestions Indirect Techniques: • Generating Public Pressure – Groundswell of public pressure – Use Constituents as Lobbyists – Building Alliances with other groups

8. Honest Lobbyists A lobbyist must be honest and truthful if he or she wants to remain effective. • Access to lawmakers is critical and if a lobbyist gets a reputation of being untruthful or disingenuous legislators doors will close. • Of course, lobbyists put their group's position in a favorable light but good lobbyists will also make lawmakers aware of the downsides of a bill and the arguments on the other side as well

9. Criticism Interest Groups Interest Groups have been criticized for – Ignoring the wider interest of society – Producing confusion and deadlock in Congress – Generating so much emotion that they make reasoned discussion difficult – Having too much influence

10. Important Points to Think About Interest Groups • Promote interest in public affairs • Provide useful information • Serve as watchdogs • Represent the interest of Citizens

12. Video "Capitol Crimes"

13. Ethics Rules Lobbyist-paid travel is forbidden. Sponsored trips must be connected to their official duties. All staffer's trips must be cleared in advance. No gift of $50 or more may be accepted

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