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Romania, the National Strategy for the Special Protection and Social Integration of people with Disabilities PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Romania, the National Strategy for the Special Protection and Social Integration of people with Disabilities. Historical context.

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Romania, the National Strategy for the Special Protection and Social Integration of people with Disabilities

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Romania, the National Strategy for the Special Protection and Social Integration of people with Disabilities


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Historical context

  • The Ceausescu era:A raft of government policies over many years – removal of people from their rural communities, forced birth policies, poor housing, a lack of value attached to anyone not perceived as capable of contributing to the economy, coupled with significant levels of poverty - led to the widespread practice of abandonment of babies into large, poorly staffed institutions.


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In the last 12 years

  • a concerted effort of the Government to end this treatment especially of children.

  • considerable investment from the international community, including the EU Phare assistance programmes, UNICEF, the World Bank and the Bank for the development of the European Council and well as many individual European governments and NGOs

  • The effect of this support was diminished by the lack of a national strategy in the field of disability.


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European Union involvement

  • European Union has been more and more involved in child protection reform, through PHARE programs

  • in the 1999 Accession Partnership for Romania.

  • The European Commission’s 1999 Composite Paper on Progress Towards Accession by the Candidate Countries reaffirmed the principle that institutionalised children’s access to decent living conditions and basic health care is a human rights issue.


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Elaboration of the national Strategy

  • February 2000, we took the incentive of setting up a group of 50 NGOs together with representatives of the State Secretariat for Persons with Handicap, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Health and The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection

  • we have agreed on a draft of a National Strategy on the Equalisation of Opportunities for Persons with Handicap at a national conference where keynote speaker was UN Special Rapporteur on Disability, Mr. Bengt Lindqvist.


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Lobby for strategy

  • Six month after the conference - a follow up workshop attended by Baroness Emma Nicholson of Winterbourne the European Parliament Rapporteur for Romania.

  • Finally, the Romanian Government has approved on 31st October 2002, the National Strategy for the Special Protection and Social Integration of Disabled People in Romania

  • The adoption of this National Strategy is an example of good practice of public – private partnership between the Government – the State Secretariat for People with handicap - and NGOs.


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Nelson Mandela said:

  • “ After I climbed one hill, I discovered that there are lots of hills to climb in front of me”.


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Twinning light project

“Finalisation of the Romanian National Strategy for Disabled Persons and Elaboration of the Action Plan for the period 2001-2005”.


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The specific objectives of the project:

  • Adoption by the Government of the updated Draft National Strategy based on the models of the Member States’ strategies in accordance with EU legislation in the sector, the UN Standard Rules on the Equalisation of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, the revised European Social Charter, the Convention of the International Labour Convention 159 on training and employment of persons with handicap;


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  • Elaborate the Action Plan for the implementation of the strategy on short and medium term, 2002-2005, based on the priorities established in the evaluation report of the present situation in Romania. Special attention should be given to the closure of large old style camin spitals, by developing alternative social services and small scale residential care;

  • Institutional strengthening of the SSPH.


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