Colonial america 1587 1770
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Colonial America: 1587-1770. The Southern Colonies. Life in Virginia. Life different here than New England Colonies Few towns b/c relied on rivers to ship goods Ships sail up rivers bringing European goods right to plantations Take tobacco from plantation for sale in England

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Colonial America: 1587-1770

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Colonial america 1587 1770

Colonial America: 1587-1770

The Southern Colonies


Life in virginia

Life in Virginia

  • Life different here than New England Colonies

    • Few towns b/c relied on rivers to ship goods

      • Ships sail up rivers bringing European goods right to plantations

      • Take tobacco from plantation for sale in England

    • Few Schools scattered population

      • More concerned with making $$$- Kids worked!!!

    • Establish Families not important- tough too!

      • 6x more men

      • High death rate-

        • marry several times

        • Kids raised by step-parents or orphaned

    • Virginia Company of London brings more women for them to start families

    • Believed important for colony to prosper


Labor problems

Labor Problems

  • Land Cheap

    • Each person paying for passage received 50 acres of land

  • Labor

    • Passage was expensive

    • People would pay for others in exchange for labor

      • Indentures: contracts guaranteeing to work as servant for them until debt paid

        • Known as indentured servants

        • at one point 75% of Virginians were under indenture

    • Also if U pay for others…

      • You kept their land (50 acres) until indenture paid off

        • Known as a headright

  • Slavery

    • 1619- Dutch ship brings 1st 20 Africans

    • Now race part of determining status

    • Until 1690 indentured servants were preferred

      • Cost of slave higher

      • Soon changes b/c logic

        • Once debt paid off indentures” become competition


Bacon s rebellion

Bacon’s Rebellion

  • 1676- planters begin to eye good land guaranteed for Powhatan in 1646 treaty

    • Nathaniel Bacon raises lg. force to fight for it

    • Virginia Governor refuses to allow it

      • Bacon does it anyway

    • Force massacres peaceful natives

      • Governor declares them “rebels”

    • Bacon’s force turns on gov’t

      • Sets fire to capital Jamestown and drives governor into exile

  • October 1676- Bacon falls ill and dies

    • Rebellion dies with him

    • Leads to changes, not more land

      • People had right to vote- now used it

      • More slave use

      • Trouble-making indentures not wanted anymore

        • When debt paid- become competition

        • Slaves always do what told

        • Get kids too

        • Soon completely dependent on slaves


New southern colonies

New Southern Colonies

* Virginia population over 750 * Tobacco exports over 1 million pounds * Prosperity encourages more colonies *

Maryland

The Carolinas

  • 1632- King Charles I gives land to Lord Baltimore- George Calvert

    • But dies B4 receiving grant, son takes over and establishes

    • Founds Maryland as refuge for Catholics

      • Protestants welcomed too

  • Toleration Act (1649)

    • Guaranteed religious freedom

  • Successful b/c learned from mistakes of Jamestown

    • Turned right to tobacco, but required 2 acres of corn for every 1 acre of tobacco

  • 1636- King Charles II sets up proprietary colony (for making $$$) south of Virginia

    • Called “Carolina” meaning… Charles’ Land

  • Gave the colony to friends who helped him regain throne

    • Settlers begin arriving in 1670

  • Found city Charles Town in 1680, later Charleston

    • Becomes busy trading center and port city

    • Social and political center

  • 1719- settlers rebel b/c wanted greater role in gov’t

    • After 10 yrs. of fighting…

      • King steps in and separates into 2 colonies

        • North Carolina

        • South Carolina


Georgia

Georgia

  • Last of Southern Colonies

    • Not founded until 1733

  • James Oglethorpe and a few others start it as a colony for the poor

    • Debtors and poor use it as a place for new start

    • Few come

      • b/c fear Spanish and Oglethorpe’s strict rules

        • No liquor

        • No slaves

  • 1752- colony failing

    • Colonists not happy

    • Tired of fighting w/ them

    • Gives the crown control of colony


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