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World War I. The Belligerents. Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire. The Belligerents. Territory extended from the North Sea to the Middle East Helped with communication. The Belligerents. Germany’s well trained and equipped army was an advantage.

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World War I

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World war i

World War I


The belligerents

The Belligerents

  • Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire


The belligerents1

The Belligerents

  • Territory extended from the North Sea to the Middle East

    • Helped with communication


The belligerents2

The Belligerents

  • Germany’s well trained and equipped army was an advantage.


The belligerents3

The Belligerents

  • Allied Powers: Great Britain, France, Russia

  • Had more soldiers


The belligerents4

The Belligerents

  • Great Britain’s navy was an advantage

    • Greatest navy in the world


Innovations in warfare

Innovations in Warfare

  • U-boats (submarines) were first used by the Germans.

  • Germans introduce poison gas


U boats

U-Boats


Other new weapons

Other new Weapons

  • Machine guns

  • Long range artillery


Trenches

Trenches

  • Trenches were dug in defense to the machine guns


Airplanes

Airplanes

  • Used in air battles (dog fights)

  • Dropped

    bombs


Other new areas of war

Other new Areas of War

  • First war man are drafted

  • Women start working while men go to war


Early years of war

Early Years of War

  • British blockade the North Sea to keep merchant ships form Germany

  • Germany used u-boats to sink ships carrying food and arms to the British


Early years of war1

Early Years of War

  • 1915: Germany sank the Lusitania (British passenger boat)

  • 1,200 people were killed, including 128 Americans

  • U.S. president, Woodrow Wilson stated he would not tolerate such actions


The u s in the war

The U.S. in the War

  • U.S. want to remain neutral

  • Supplied food and raw materials

  • Due to the blockade of Germany, U.S. traded w/ allies

  • Influenced by propaganda


The u s in the war1

The U.S. in the War

  • Arthur Zimmerman

    • Sent a telegram to German ambassador in Mexico proposing alliance w/ Mexico

    • Offered Mexico to help regain Arizona, new Mexico, and Texas if they entered the war as a Central Power


The u s in the war2

The U.S. in the War

  • British intercepted the Zimmerman note and it was published in American newspapers

  • Germany declares a “war zone” around Great Britain, sinking every ship possible


The u s in the war3

The U.S. in the War

  • This killed many Americans

  • 4/6/1917: U.S. declares war on Germany


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