Interest pressure groups
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Interest/Pressure Groups PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Interest/Pressure Groups. In the American Political System. Interest Group - A Definition. An interest group is a private organization of like-minded people whose goal is to influence and shape public policy. Interest groups are “extra-constitutional”. Early Development.

Download Presentation

Interest/Pressure Groups

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Interest pressure groups

Interest/Pressure Groups

In the American Political System

Interest pressure groups

Interest Group - A Definition

  • An interest group is a private organization of like-minded people whose goal is to influence and shape public policy.

  • Interest groups are “extra-constitutional”.

Interest pressure groups

Early Development

  • Date back to the time of the “Founding Fathers”

  • Seen as power-hungry

  • Believed to “promote instability, injustice, and confusion”

Types of interest groups

Types of Interest Groups

  • Economic

  • Ideological or single-issue

  • Public interest

  • Foreign policy

  • Governmental

Economic groups

Economic Groups

  • Business

  • Trade Associations

  • Labor

  • Professional Associations

Ideological groups

Ideological Groups

  • Motivated for or against a particular issue, such as gun ownership and abortion rights

Public interest groups

Public Interest Groups

  • Motivated by such issues as the environment, safe energy, consumer protection, and good government.

Foreign policy interest groups

Foreign Policy Interest Groups

  • Concerned with the relationship between the United States and foreign nations. Examples include the Council on Foreign Relations, and AIPAC—the American-Israel Political Action Committee.

Government interest groups

Government Interest Groups

  • Represent the interests of government employees, as well as elected officials from state and local governments.

Characteristics and power of interest groups

Characteristics and Power of Interest Groups

  • Size and resources

  • Cohesiveness

  • Leadership

  • Techniques

  • Intensity

Interest group techniques

Interest Group Techniques

  • Appeals to the public and mass media

  • Mass mailings

  • Influence of rule making

  • Litigation

  • Election Activities/electioneering

  • Forming a political party

  • Lobbying

Interest pressure groups

Growth of Interest Groups

Interest pressure groups

Interest Groups vs. Political Parties

  • Interest groups…

    • support candidates, but cannot nominate them

    • take a narrow focus on most issues

    • compete for influence over elected officials

Interest pressure groups

Interest Groups vs.Political Parties (con’t.)

  • Political parties…

    • can nominate candidates

    • focus on a broad range of issues to appeal to a broad range of people

    • compete for control of the branches of govt. to control policy making

Proposals for reform

Proposals for Reform

  • Increasing the number of groups

  • Full disclosure

  • Increased federal and state regulations

Interest pressure groups


  • Check out this web site for links to examples of the most influential interest groups in the U.S.!


Interest pressure groups1

Interest/Pressure Groups

A necessary evil…

what do you think?

  • Login