Integrated River Basin Management of the Loire river
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Integrated River Basin Management of the Loire river From conflict to stakeholder involvement. Régis THEPOT Chief Executive Officer of Etablissement Public Loire. 3 rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009. Loire river basin Etablissement public Loire

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Régis THEPOT Chief Executive Officer of Etablissement Public Loire

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R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Integrated River Basin Management of the Loire river

From conflict to stakeholder involvement

Régis THEPOT Chief Executive Officer of Etablissement Public Loire

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Loire river basin

Etablissement public Loire

The Plan Loire grandeur nature. From conflict to skakeholder involvement

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Area: 100.000 km²

Length : 1.000 km

Very irregular flow

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Upper part of the basin

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


The middle loire

The Middle Loire

Amboise

Orléans

Nuclear plant

Nevers

Angers

3rd Yangtze Forum – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Levees, breaches and spillways in in the middle Loire

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

2003’s flood (middle Loire) 1949’s draught

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Downstream Loire

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Etablissement Public Loire

A Public Institution gathering local communities at the river basin level

.6 Regions

.16 Departments

. 18 Cities

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Role of EP Loire

Area of competence

A tool for solidarity and subsidiarity at river basin level

Flood prevention

Water

Water ressources management

Operating two dams Naussac and Villerest

Local development

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Dams of Villerest and Naussac

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Plan Loire grandeur natureFrom conflict to stakeholder involvement

Description of the Plan

Presentation of 3 examples in the flood prevention field

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Plan Loire grandeur nature 1994 - 2006

Initialy a top-down approach

Was decided by the governement in 1994 after fierce ecological conflicts concerning the construction of dams

Serre de la Fare

Main Objectives

- integrated management of the Loire river basin

- a joint approach associating involved actors and scientific assessment

310 M€ / 3 billion RMB

Duration: initially 10 years prolonged to 12

3 main contractors

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Plan Loire 2007-2013

A top-down and bottom up approach

  • Based on the EU WFD and the Aarhus convention :

  • global assessment of Plan Loire 1994-2006

  • consultation in 2006 of the stakeholders in order to elaborate a strategic document defining shared stakes

  • organization of regional and thematic meetings on the whole Loire basin

  • dedicated website forum

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Global budget 2007-2013 :

400 M€ / 4 billions RMB

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

5 key fields of action in 2007-2013

Safety of population facing flood risks

Managing water resources

Restoring natural aquatic ecosystem and wetlands

Enhancing the Loire valley heritage

Developing research and data exchanges

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

Flood prevention

  • Risk mapping

  • Monitoring of the expansion of urban areas in floodplains

  • Reinforcing the means for warning systems

  • Evacuation plans

  • Development measures – Mitigation policy

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


3 examples in the flood prevention field illustrating the stakeholder involvement

3 examples in the flood prevention field illustrating the stakeholder involvement

  • At the river basin scale, an « industrial » approach aimed at reducing the vulnerabilty to flooding for the economic activities

  • In the middle Loire Joint planning approach

  • Testing a flood risk management plan


Example 1 an industrial approach aimed at reducing the vulnerabity to flooding

Example 1 : An « industrial » approach aimed at reducing the vulnerabity to flooding

  • In the middle Loire 15.000 companies are in flood prone areas, and within 2013 :

  • 3000 companies will have carried out an assessment of their vulnerability and taken actions to reduce it

  • 900 companies, sectors and activity zones will have implemented effective and urgent measures to reduce their vulnerability


Middle loire risk assessment

Middle Loire risk assessment

Flooding similar to the major desasters of the 19 th century (1846,1856, 1866)would threaten :

  • 240 towns and villages

  • 300.000 inhabitants

  • 115.000 accomodations

  • 15.000 companies

  • 72.000 employments

  • 87.000 ha for agriculture

Estimated damages:

10 billion € (100 billion RNB)

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


Middle loire flood prevention strategy

Middle Loire flood prevention strategy

Designed in 1999

Based on a three-pronged approach, being implemented parallel :

Protection

Prediction

Prevention

Telemetry network

www.osiris-inondation.fr

Spillway

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


Example 2 joint planning approach in middle loire

Example 2 : Joint Planning approach in middle Loire

  • A product of Dutch, French and German on the European project «Freude am Fluss » lead partner Radboud University Nijmegen

  • 6 steps : mutual learning ; shared visioning ; rules and institutions ; exploring joint options ; joint design ; implementation

  • Method now used by the governement and EP Loire to implement the flood prevention strategy


Example 3 testing a flood risk management plan

Example 3 : Testing a flood risk management plan

  • A new EU directive on evaluating and managing flood risks (October 2007)

  • A test area for the french Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Spatial Planning and EP Loire


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

To get more information

www.eptb-loire.fr

www.plan-loire.fr

3rd Yangtze Forum – Shanghai – April 2009


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Plan Loire Grandeur : born out of a conflict about dam construction

  • 15 years later in many fields an example of stakeholder involvement

  • The sustainable development of a river basin is not Utopia


R gis thepot chief executive officer of etablissement public loire

See you soon along the Loire river !


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