Local site effects in istanbul microtremor study in atak y area
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Local site effects in Istanbul: Microtremor study in Ataköy area. Mathilde Bøttger Sørensen 1 Caglar Yalciner 2 and Kuvvet Atakan 1 1 Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, Norway 2 Osman Gazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey.

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Local site effects in Istanbul: Microtremor study in Ataköy area

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Local site effects in istanbul microtremor study in atak y area

Local site effects in Istanbul: Microtremor study in Ataköy area

Mathilde Bøttger Sørensen1

Caglar Yalciner2 and

Kuvvet Atakan1

1Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, Norway

2Osman Gazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey


Why are we interested in local site effects in istanbul

Why are we interested in local site effects in Istanbul?

  • Important factor for actual ground motion caused by an earthquake

  • Necessary in order to move ground motion simulation results from bedrock level to surface of Earth


What did we do

What did we do:

  • Measured microtremors in the Ataköy area

  • Calculated H/V spectral ratios to obtain information about frequencies with high amplification

  • This information will later be combined with geotechnical data as input in 3D finite-difference modelling in cooperation with ETHZ


Geology of istanbul

Geology of Istanbul

From http://www.geocities.com (Geological map by the Istanbul Greater City Council Directorate of Soil and Seismic Studies)


Atak y area geology

Ataköy area, geology

Ataköy

From I.T.Ü. Gelistirme vakfi iktisadi isletmesi


Local site effects in istanbul microtremor study in atak y area

Ataköy area, accessibility


Data acquisition

Data acquisition

  • GBV-316 and pocket PC

  • 3 x 10 min recorded at each site

  • Sites in grid with 150-500 m grid spcaing

  • Sites on all formations

  • Collected a total of 30 sites


Microtremor sites ground coupling

Microtremor sites, ground coupling


Microtremor sites

Microtremor sites


Data processing

Data processing

  • H/V spectral ratios calculated using JSesame software (SESAME project)

  • Automatic window selection by searching traces for windows with low noise level using STA/LTA

  • H/V is calculated for each window or as average for site


Jsesame browsing module

JSesame, browsing module


Jsesame window selection

JSesame, window selection


Jsesame h v parameters

JSesame, H/V parameters


Jsesame display module

JSesame, display module


Jsesame single window display

JSesame, single window display


Results bakirk y formation

Results, Bakirköy Formation


Results alluvium

Results, Alluvium


Results g ng ren formation

Results, Güngören Formation


Results artificial fill

Results, Artificial fill


Artificial fill

Artificial fill


Main results at the moment

Main results at the moment

  • Main peak at 1-1.5 Hz, in agreement with ITU results

  • Secondary peak at 4-6 Hz at some sites

  • Peaks at higher frequencies are probably caused by noise


Secondary peak

Secondary peak


Other available data

Other available data

  • Borehole data (Japan International Cooperation Agency/Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality)

  • Earthquake data (Kandilli observatory, Bogazaci University)

  • Geomorphological map (Istanbul Technical University)

  • Geological map (Istanbul Technical University)

  • Hydrogeological map (Istanbul Technical University)

  • Well logs (Istanbul Technical University)

  • Resistivity data (Istanbul Technical University)


Future plans

Future plans

  • Process and interpret data...

  • Check against 1D model

  • Produce input model for 3D finite difference model by combining with other data

  • Run 3D finite difference model and interpret result

  • Use ground motion simulation results as input in 3D model to obtain ground motion at surface


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