Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations
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Neighborhood Congestion Studies – Study # 1 Preliminary Findings and Recommendations. Technical Meeting June 1, 2010. Outline. Introduction Overview: study area, objectives Recommendations Six recommendations: summary, drawings Each recommendation in detail

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Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Neighborhood Congestion Studies – Study # 1 Preliminary Findings and Recommendations

Technical Meeting

June 1, 2010


Outline

Outline

  • Introduction

  • Overview: study area, objectives

  • Recommendations

    • Six recommendations: summary, drawings

    • Each recommendation in detail

  • Enforcement and responsibilities for implementation

  • Next steps

  • Open discussion


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Introduction


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

As a large urban institution, AUB should be a responsible neighbor. This is the idea behind the Neighborhood Initiative.

Through research and outreach activities, the Neighborhood Initiative works to improve the quality of life (greenness, affordability, walkability, …) in the area of Beirut nearest campus.


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Congestion is one the major problems threatening the quality of life in the neighborhood.

The Neighborhood Initiative is supporting practical studies that recommend solutions to the problem of congestion in its many dimensions.


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

  • Three “Congestion Studies” are planned:

    • Study #1 examines the conflict between walking and driving along Bliss Street. It will recommend ways to improve both traffic flow and the pedestrian environment on the southern edge of AUB. Today we report on first results and recommendations of this study.

    • Study # 2 will examine different scenarios for improving parking.

    • Study # 3 will examine options for improving public transportation serving Ras Beirut.


Worth noting

Worth noting

  • These are preliminary findings and recommendations. Many details need to be worked out. The iterative process seeks the input of all relevant stakeholders.

  • The study area is small, but will generate lessons for other congested areas of Beirut.


The research team

The Research Team

  • Isam Kaysi

    • Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

  • Maya Abou Zeid

    • Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

  • Robert Saliba

    • Associate Professor, Graduate Program in Urban Design, Department of Architecture and Design

  • Cynthia Myntti

    • Professor, Public Health Practice, and Project Leader, Neighborhood Initiative

  • Maya Kassab

    • Graduate student, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

  • Abdallah El Hajj

    • Graduate student, Urban Design

  • Twelve 3rd year civil engineering undergraduate students


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Overview: Study Area, Objectives


Current issues on bliss street

Current Issues on Bliss Street

  • Traffic flow issues – delays and congestion due to:

    • Drop-off and pick-up

    • Pedestrian interference from random crossings

    • Friction from parking and double-parking

    • Delivery of goods to businesses

  • Pedestrian issues:

    • Safety

    • Inadequate facilities and environment


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

  • Pedestrian-vehicular conflicts and congestion are issues affecting various stakeholders in the neighborhood:

    • AUB staff, faculty, and students

    • Neighborhood residents

    • Local businesses and their clients

    • Passers-by


Objectives

Objectives

Improving pedestrian safety on Bliss Street

Improving flow of traffic on Bliss Street

Making pedestrian environment more pleasant


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

  • Six recommendations:summary,

  • drawings

  • Each recommendation in detail

Recommendations


Summary of recommendations

Summary of Recommendations

1. Add four pedestrian crosswalks

2. Block pedestrians from crossing at the Main Gate

3. Establish drop-off / pick-up areas involving AUB wall modification

4. Establish delivery zones for businesses

5. Remove parking lane and encourage parking in existing lots

6. Widen sidewalks


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

  • Six recommendations: summary,

  • drawings

  • Each recommendation in detail

Recommendations


Objectives of data collection

Objectives of Data Collection

  • To understand:

    • Road network and traffic patterns

    • Pedestrian movement patterns

    • Preferences of businesses

    • Patronage patterns of businesses


Data collection october 2009 november 2010

Data CollectionOctober 2009-November 2010

Vehicular traffic counts

Physical road network attributes

Pedestrian counts (including pick-ups / drop-offs at AUB gates)

AUB all-student/employee travel surveys

AUB student/employee GPS survey

Data from Ras Beirut residents Well-being Survey

Business managers and customers surveys


Recommendation one crosswalks

Recommendation One: Crosswalks

Data/observations

  • Unstructured pedestrian crossings slow down traffic and pose a hazard for pedestrians

  • Vehicular and pedestrian counts near Main Gate

    • Average peak-hour vehicular traffic: 1030 vehicles

    • Average hourly pedestrians at noon: 1620 pedestrians

  • Similar pedestrian-vehicle conflict issues at Medical and Men’s Dorms Gates

  • Bliss Street businesses are mostly serving AUB students and employees:

    • Managers report that 62% of customers are from AUB


Recommendation one crosswalks1

Recommendation One: Crosswalks

(Map)

Suggestions

  • Establish four raised well-marked crosswalks with special pavement material

    • Near Abdel Aziz Street

    • Near St Mary’s School

    • After Jeanne d’Arc Street

    • Near Gandhi Street


Recommendation two main gate diversion

Recommendation Two: Main Gate Diversion

Data/observations

Pedestrian-vehicle conflict at Main Gate crossing


Recommendation two main gate diversion1

Recommendation Two: Main Gate Diversion


Recommendation two main gate diversion2

Recommendation Two: Main Gate Diversion


Recommendation two main gate diversion3

Recommendation Two: Main Gate Diversion

Suggestions

  • Reduce pedestrian-vehicle conflict at Main Gate by channeling pedestrians to cross at other crosswalks on either side of the Main Gate

    • Left (near St Mary’s School)

    • Right (after Jeanne d’Arc Street)

  • Put planters along the sidewalk by the Main Gate to discourage crossing at the Main Gate


Recommendation three drop off pick up areas

Recommendation Three:Drop-off / Pick-up Areas


Recommendation three drop off pick up areas1

Recommendation Three:Drop-off / Pick-up Areas

Data/observations

  • Drop-offs / pick-ups near the AUB gates:

    • Slow down through traffic

    • Create a safety problem

    • Constitute a significant % of traffic on Bliss Street (by the Main Gate) at peak hours

      • 16% in the morning

      • 22% in the afternoon

  • 37% of Bliss Street traffic between Abdel Aziz and Jeanne d’Arc turns left on Jeanne d’Arc Street

(Map)


Recommendation three drop off pick up areas2

Recommendation Three:Drop-off / Pick-up Areas

Suggestions

  • Establish two drop-off / pick-up areas with shelters

    • After Jeanne d’Arc Street

      • Reduces pedestrian-vehicle conflict

      • Encourages traffic to move more efficiently on Bliss Street between Abdel Aziz and Jeanne d’Arc Street

    • Near Men’s Dorms Gate (before Gandhi Street)

      • Primarily due to IC traffic

  • Motorcycle parking area to be designed

  • Motorcycle parking


Recommendation four delivery zones

Recommendation Four: Delivery Zones

Data/observations

  • Many businesses on Bliss Street get supplies on a daily basis (especially food-related businesses)


Recommendation four delivery zones1

Recommendation Four: Delivery Zones

Suggestions

Establish two delivery zones on Bliss Street, between Abdel Aziz and Jeanne d’Arc Streets, accommodating one van each

Provide motorcycle parking in these zones


Recommendation five parking

Recommendation Five: Parking

  • Bliss Street (between Abdel Aziz and Jeanne d’Arc Streets)

    • Remove parking lane and keep two lanes for moving traffic (sufficient for peak traffic volume)

  • Jeanne d’Arc Street (between Bliss and Makhoul Streets)

    • Remove one parking lane

    • Keep one moving lane and one parking lane

(Map)


Recommendation five parking1

Recommendation Five: Parking

  • Encourage parking in existing lots

  • Place bigger signs before and on Bliss Street leading to the locations of these lots


Recommendation six sidewalks

Recommendation Six: Sidewalks

Data/observations

Sidewalks narrow or unpleasant for pedestrians


Recommendation six sidewalks1

Recommendation Six: Sidewalks


Recommendation six sidewalks2

Recommendation Six: Sidewalks


Recommendation six sidewalks3

Recommendation Six: Sidewalks


Recommendation six sidewalks4

Recommendation Six: Sidewalks

Suggestions

  • Widen sidewalks

    • On Bliss Street (from 2 to 4-5 m)

      • Between Abdel Aziz and Main Gate (south side)

      • Between Main Gate and Bekhazi Street (both sides)

    • On Jeanne d’Arc Street (from 2 to 3 m)

      • Between Bliss and Makhoul Streets (right side going up)

(Map)


Recommendation six sidewalks5

Recommendation Six: Sidewalks

Suggestions (continued)

  • Allow businesses to put seating facilities on the widened sidewalks

  • Widened sidewalks and potential seating facilities may encourage people to sit and linger, changing the character of the street.


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Enforcement and Responsibilities for Implementation


Enforcement

Enforcement

  • The recommended interventions will require enforcement at different levels:

    • Banning parking on Bliss Street between Abdel Aziz and Jeanne d’Arc Street and in delivery zones and drop-off / pick-up areas

    • Encouraging vehicles to drop off / pick up in the designated areas (and pedestrians to wait there)

    • Discouraging vehicles from waiting in drop-off / pick-up areas

    • Where sidewalk cafes develop, enforcing a minimum sidewalk width for pedestrians


Responsibilities for implementation

Responsibilities for Implementation

* Traffic Police and Vehicle Registration and Traffic Management Authority


Aub s responsibilities for implementation

AUB’s Responsibilities for Implementation

  • Drop-off / pick-up areas will require pushing back the AUB wall in two locations:

    • Near Ada Dodge Hall

    • Near Men’s Dorms Gate


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Next Steps


Next steps

Next Steps

  • Town hall meeting

    • June 16, 2010

  • Additional data collection

    • Summer/fall 2010

  • Traffic simulation

    • Summer/fall 2010

  • Final workshop

    • Fall 2010


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Appendix 1: Data / Recommendations


Recommendation three drop off pick up areas3

Recommendation Three:Drop-off / Pick-up Areas

Passenger drop-offs (morning peak hour; 7-8 AM)


Recommendation three drop off pick up areas4

Recommendation Three:Drop-off / Pick-up Areas

Passenger pick-ups (afternoon peak hour 4:30-5:30 PM)


Recommendation five parking2

Recommendation Five: Parking

  • Bliss Street (between Abdel Aziz and Jeanne d’Arc Street)

    • Remove parking lane and keep two 3.5-m lanes for moving traffic (sufficient for peak traffic volume)

  • Jeanne d’Arc Street (between Bliss and Makhoul Street)

    • Remove one parking lane

    • Keep one moving lane (3.5 m) and one parking lane (2.5 m)


Recommendation six sidewalks6

Recommendation Six: Sidewalks

  • Widen sidewalks:

    • On Bliss Street between Abdel Aziz and Main Gate

      • South side: from 2.1 m to 5.3 m

    • On Bliss Street between Main Gate and Bekhazi Street

      • South side: from 2 m to 4 m

      • AUB side: from 2.3 m to 4 m

    • On Jeanne d’Arc Street between Bliss and Makhoul Street

      • Right side going up: from 1.7 to 2.9 m


Aub s responsibilities for implementation1

AUB’s Responsibilities for Implementation

  • Drop-off / pick-up areas will require pushing back the AUB wall in two locations:

    • 3.3 m near Ada Dodge Hall, for a length of 39.5 m, to accommodate 6 cars

    • 2.8 m near Men’s Dorms Gate, for a length of 34.3 m (with some effect on the AUB parking in that area), to accommodate 5 cars


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

Appendix 2: Maps


Neighborhood congestion studies study 1 preliminary findings and recommendations

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