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21101 1


(Cell)


.. 2133 (.. 1590) Zaccharias Janssen Hans Janssen ""


.. 1673 (.. 2216 (Anton Van Leeuwenhoek)


..2208

(CELL) (cell wall)


(Theodor Schwan) ..2382

(Matthias Schleiden)

( Cell theory)


.. 2378 (.. 1835) Dujardin


- Hugo Von Mohl "" (Protoplasm)

- .. 2374 Robert Brown "" (Nucleus)


1.

2.

3. ()


http://www.nkpw.ac.th/pornsak/cell/page02.htm


3


1.


2.

2.


3.

(

)

http://www.aksorn.com/webguide/webguide_detail.php?content_id=129


1. Prokaryotic cells

0.2-10

http://www.aksorn.com/webguide/webguide_detail.php?content_id=129


Prokaryotic cells

(pseudopods)

(amoeba)


Prokaryotic cells

1


Prokaryotic cells

Chlorophyll nitrogenaneenzyme organic matter


Prokaryotic cells


Prokaryotic cells

2


2. Ukaryotic cells 10-100


Ukaryotic cells

2

()


Ukaryotic cells


Ukaryotic cells


Ukaryotic cells







(Angstrom ) (Nanometer:nm) (Micrometer : mm) (millimeter : mm)

http://student.nu.ac.th/u46410320/lesson%201.html





0.1


6-8 (Mature red cell) 2% (Reticulocyte)


(sperm)


(simple epithelium) 3 (simple spuamous epithelium) (simple columnar epithelium)


( fiber shape) ( spindle shape)

2 239


Cell Structure




1.

2.

3.


1. (Cell Structure)


1. (Cell Structure)

1.1 (Cell membrane ,plasma membrane)


1.1 (Cell membrane ,plasma membrane)

-

- -

(Semipermeable membrane)


1. (Cell Structure)

  • 1.2 (cell wall)


  • 1.2 ( cell wall )

-

- ( )


2. (Cytoplasm)

75 90 % (colloid)


2. (Cytoplasm)


2. (Cytoplasm)

-

-

-

-

-


2.

2.1(mitochondria)


2.1(mitochondria)


2.1(mitochondria)

1. ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)

2

1.

2. ATP

2. ( Krebs cycle)

3. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) RNA (Ribonucleic acid)


2.

2.2

(chloroplasts)


2.2 (chloroplasts)


2.2 (chloroplasts)

(thylakoid) (granum)

(carotenoid) (stroma)


2.

2.3 ,

(golgi body, golgicomplex)


2.3 , (golgi body,golgicomplex)

ER


2.3 , (golgi body)

ER


2.

2.4 (Ribosome)


2.4 (Ribosome)

RNA

2


2.4 (Ribosome)

RER ER


2.

2.5 (Risosome)


2.5 (Risosome)


2.5 (Risosome)


2.

2.6 (Vacuole)


2.6 (Vacuole)


2.6 (Vacuole)

1. (contractile vacuole)

2. (food vacuole)

3. (sap vacuole)


2.6 (Vacuole)


2.

2.7.

(Endoplasmic reticulum:ER)


2.7.

(Endoplasmic reticulum:ER)

Biological_cell.svg

Biological_cell.svg


2.7.

(Endoplasmic reticulum:ER)

(Rough Endoplasmic RER ) - ER

()

Biological_cell.svg


2.7.1

(Endoplasmic reticulum:ER)

/

RNA ER ER ER (exocytosis)

Biological_cell.svg


2.7.2 (Rough Endoplasmic RER )

/

Biological_cell.svg

Biological_cell.svg


2.

2.8 (centriole)


2.8 (centriole)

Biological_cell.svg

Biological_cell.svg


2.8 (centriole)

(microtubule) 3 9 (centrosome)

Biological_cell.svg

Biological_cell.svg


3.


3. (Nucleus)


3. (Nucleus)

1. 2. DNA RNA3. 4.

http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/


3.2 ( nucleoplasm )

3.1 (nuclear membrane)

3.3 (Nucleous)


3.1 (nuclear membrane)

2 (nuclear pore) (annulus)


3.2 ( nucleoplasm )

- ( Nucleolus ) - ( ribonucleic acid ) RNA - ( Chromatin )

http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/


3.3 (Nucleous)

3. (nucleolus)

http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/


3.3 (Nucleous)

RNA (Phosphoprotein)

RNA

http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/


http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/


http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/






9

1

10

2

11

3

12

4

5

13

6

14

7

15

8



1.

1.

2.

3.

4.


2.

1.1

2.3

3.3

4.1

5.1

6. 100 cm31


2. ()

7.50cm3

8.

9.

10.

11.


3.

3.1

1. 0.5 cmx 0.5 cm 2

2. 4-5


3. ()

4.

5.


3.2

1. 0.5 cmx 0.5 cm

2. 4-5


3.3

1.

2.

3. 4-5


4.


5.

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................





2



1.

1.

2.


2.

1.

2.


3.


1. 1


2.

2.1


2.

2.2


2.

2.3


2.4 ..............................................

.............................................................................


2.5

..........................................................

2.6 ....................................................

............................


2.7 .......................

.....................................................


3.

....1.

....2.

....3.

....4.

....5.

***********************


1.

5-6 20 cm3 ()


2.


3.

  • 1

  • 1

  • 50 cm31

  • 1

  • 20 cm3

  • 1


4.

  • 20 cm3


5.

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................


6.

1. .............................................

........................................................

2.

...........................................................

3.......

...........................................................


7.

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

****************************


1.

1.

2.

3.

4.


2.

1.

2.

3.

4.


3.

1.

2.

3.

4.


4.

1.

2.

3.

4.


5.

1.

2.

3.

4.


6.

1.

2.

3.

4.


7.

1.

2.

3.

4.


8.

1.

2.

3.

4.


9.

1.

2.

3.

4.


10.

1.

2.

3.

4.


11.

1.

2.

3.

4.


12.

1. ( 2 ) ( 5 )

2. ( 1 ) ( 3 )

3. ( 1 ) ( 2 )

4. ( 3 ) ( 4 )


13.

1. ( 1 ) 2. ( 2 )

3. ( 3 ) 4. ( 5 )

14. ( )

1. ( 2 ) 2. ( 3 )

3. ( 4 ) 4. ( 5 )


15.

1.

2. 3. 4.


16.

1. 2. 3. 4.


17. " "

1. 2. 3. 4.


18.

1. ATP 2. 3. DNA 4.


19.

1. 2. 3. 4.


20.

1. 2. 3. 4.


21.

1. 2. rRNA3. 4.


22.

1.

2.

3.

4.


23.

1. 2.

4. 1. 1 2 2. 2 33. 3 4 4. 1 3


24.

.

.

.

. --


25.

http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/


(1) nucleolusnucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) vesicle (5) rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (6) Golgi apparatus (7) Cytoskeleton (8) smooth ER (9) mitochondria (10) vacuole (11) cytoplasm (12) peroxisome(13) centrioles

http://student.nu.ac.th/phitsanu_edu/


2

1..

2. ...........................

.........................................................................................................

3. 2

.............................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................


5.

5.1 ........................................................................

5.2 ..........................................................................

- ..................................................................

- .................................................................

- .........................................................


4.


6. ....................................................

7. ............................................................

8. .......................................................................

9. .....................................................


10. ......................................................................................................................................................................

11. .............................................

************************


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