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Classification System. Mrs. Engbrecht 7 th Red Team. Classification System. Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus – family name Species – your name. Classification System. Domain (Do) Kingdom (kids) Phylum (play) Class (chess) Order (on) Family (fat) Genus (green)

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Classification System

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Classification System

Mrs. Engbrecht

7th Red Team


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Classification System

  • Domain

  • Kingdom

  • Phylum

  • Class

  • Order

  • Family

  • Genus – family name

  • Species – your name


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Classification System

  • Domain (Do)

  • Kingdom (kids)

  • Phylum (play)

  • Class (chess)

  • Order (on)

  • Family (fat)

  • Genus (green)

  • Species (stools?)


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Five Kingdoms

  • Monerans (monkeys)

  • Protists (pretty)

  • Fungi (funky)

  • Plants (party)

  • Animals (animals)


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Monerans

  • Simplest of all organisms

  • No nuclei

  • One celled

  • Live in soil or water

  • Some are parasites


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Monerans

  • Bacteria

    • In you, on you, air, water, soil

    • Cell wall and cell membrane

    • No chlorophyll

    • Live off other organisms

    • Like moist and dark

    • Round – rod – spiral (shape)


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Monerans

  • Blue green algae

    • Water or soil

    • Microscopic

    • No chloroplast, but chlorophyll

    • Can not move, but float and glide


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Monerans and People

  • Produce oxygen

  • Spoil food, cause disease

  • Help to break down matter

  • Help plants to grow

  • Help make buttermilk and cheese


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Protists

  • Animal like

    • Protozoans

      • Capture and eat food

      • Water, soil, other organisms

      • Whip tails to move

      • Paramecia – cilia – eat algae, bacteria and other protists

      • Amoeba – shapeless pseudopods “false feet” - bottoms of ponds, leaves of plants


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Protists

  • Plant like

    • Algae

      • Diatoms – one celled – fresh or salt water – respond to light, heat or chemicals

      • Valvox – one celled – live in colonies – tail propels it – fresh water

      • Sea lettuce – many celled algae – bottom of ocean – resembles a garden of lettuce

      • Euglena – plant like and animal like – fresh water ponds – tail whips – eat bacteria


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Fungi

  • Plantlike organism – do not contain chlorophyll

  • Cannot make their own food

  • Parasites (eat off living and dead)

  • One celled or many celled

  • Grow in dark, warm moist places


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Kinds of Fungi

  • One celled

    • Yeast

    • Mildews

  • Many celled

    • Molds

    • Mushrooms


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How Fungi Reproduce

  • Spores – spread easily

    • Tiny

    • So many

  • Budding – yeast grows within one hour, breaks off and is a new cell


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Fungi and People

  • Harmful

    • Poisonous

    • Destroy crops - Dutch elm disease

    • Athletes foot

  • Good

    • Breaks down dead matter in nature – helps soil

    • Yeast – breads

    • Cheese

    • Penicillin


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