Western europe in the middle ages
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

Western Europe in the Middle Ages PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 148 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Western Europe in the Middle Ages. Chapter Ten AP World History Ms. Tully. Overview of the Middle Ages. Fall of Rome  15 th Century 5 th – 10 th C – Early M.A. (Dark Ages) 10 th – 14 th C – High M.A. 14 th – 15 th C – Late M.A. Age of great faith – Christianity

Download Presentation

Western Europe in the Middle Ages

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Western europe in the middle ages

Western Europe in the Middle Ages

Chapter Ten

AP World History

Ms. Tully


Overview of the middle ages

Overview of the Middle Ages

  • Fall of Rome  15thCentury

    • 5th – 10th C – Early M.A. (Dark Ages)

    • 10th – 14th C – High M.A.

    • 14th – 15th C – Late M.A.

  • Age of great faith – Christianity

  • Increasing participation in trade with Asia & Africa

  • The Crusades


The dark ages 500 900 ce

The Dark Ages (500-900 CE)

  • Dominance of “barbarians” & frequent invasions

  • Overall decline of civilization

  • Shift of power away from Med.  Northern & Western EU

  • Emergence of regional kingdoms, but most society still very localized


Manorialism

Manorialism

  • Socio-political-economic organization on local level

  • Serfs lived on manors owned by a lord

  • Levels of production = low; technology = limited

  • Local politics with regional aristocrats is most common form of organization until Vikings invade at large in 9th C  Western Europeans turn to feudalism for greater protection, but manorialism in not abandoned


The rise of the catholic church

The Rise of the Catholic Church

  • Only example of solid organization

  • Copied government of Roman Empire to administer Christendom

  • Extensive missionary activity

  • Early kings interested in Christianity

  • Development of monasteries

  • Monastic orders based on saints – St. Clare & St. Francis of Assisi

  • 1073-1085: Gregorian Reforms with Gregory VII

  • Becomes most powerful and wealthy institution in the West


Charlemagne and the carolingians

Charlemagne and the Carolingians

  • Frankish Carolingian dynasty grows in power (origins of modern FR & GR)

  • 732: Charles Martel defeats Muslims in Battle of Tours

  • Charlemagne (r. 768-814)  Est. empire in FR & GR ca. 800  Holy Roman Empire

  • Carolingian Renaissance

  • 843: Treaty of Verdun  empire breaks into three kingdoms


Holy roman empire 962 1806

Holy Roman Empire (962-1806)

  • After Charlemagne HRE position/empire declines

  • Revived in 962: Otto I of Saxony crowned HRE (r. 936-973)

  • Merging of classical & Christian

  • Collection of principalities, city-states, small kingdoms


Feudal monarchies

Feudal Monarchies

  • Military and political system

  • Growth of strong feudal monarchy in Europe took many centuries

  • Decline of Viking raids by 10th C

  • Result  regional monarchies with strong aristocracies

  • William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy


Limiting government

Limiting Government

  • Growth of monarchy cut into aristocratic power  attempts to limit monarchical power

  • 1215: Magna Carta

  • 1265: first English Parliament

  • Three Estates (Church, Nobles, Commoners)

  • Monarchies continued to increase in power


The crusades

The Crusades

  • Eight Crusades

  • Three Primary Causes:

    • Power of church over people’s mindset

    • Bored soldiers

    • Great Schism

  • 1095: First Crusade called by Pope Urban II  reclaim Holy Land from Muslims

  • Reclaimed Jerusalem for ~100 years, lost to Saladin in 12th C

  • Demonstrated growing European ability & ambition

  • New contact with Islam & new possibilities

  • Demonstrated aggressive spirit of Western Europe


The high middle ages

The High Middle Ages

  • Increased urbanization and declining manorialism

  • Increased trade

  • Increased economic activity & banking

  • Increased universities

  • Declining feudal political structures


Urbanization and education

Urbanization and Education

  • Warming trend after 750 CE population growth

  • Pop. Growth  economic expansion

  • Expansion of literacy

  • Emphasis on education  Growth of universities


Theology faith reason

Theology (Faith + Reason)

  • Greek philosophy assimilated into Catholic religious tradition

  • Dominant intellectual theme in postclassical West

  • Bernard of Clairvaux anti-theology, pro-mysticism

  • Thomas Aquinas


Religion in art and literature

Religion in Art and Literature

  • Distinctive tradition in art & architecture

  • Painting: Wood panels, religious scenes, no perspective

  • Romanesque: Blocky, “Roman” – like

  • Gothic: Verticality, light, intricate

  • Literature: Latin vs. Vernacular


Agricultural innovations

Agricultural Innovations

  • Moldboard

  • Crop rotation

  • Three-field system

  • More food  more people  more urban areas

  • Peasants starting to gain financial freedom


Growth of trade and banking

Growth of Trade and Banking

  • Money replaces barter system  emergence of new markets

  • Growth of banking led by merchants

  • Rebirth of Mediterranean trade

  • Hanseatic League

  • Merchants enjoyed relative autonomy

  • Growth of guilds


The role of women

The Role of Women

  • Traditional roles: wife and childcare provider

  • Code of Chivalry: Reinforced ideas that women were weak/subordinate

  • Nunnery: Alternative to marriage

  • Mary vs. Eve


Crisis of the late middle ages

Crisis of the Late Middle Ages

  • Overpopulation

  • Hundred Years’ War

  • Great Schism – 3 Popes?

  • Black Death ca. 1350


  • Login