Urbanization
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Urbanization. Part 2. Americans Migrate to the City. Urban Population grew from 10 million to 30 million. 131 cities with populations of 2500 or more in 1840 1700 cities by 1900. Cities Change. Incentive to build upward rather than outward. Skyscrapers began to appear

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Urbanization

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Urbanization

Urbanization

Part 2


Americans migrate to the city

Americans Migrate to the City

  • Urban Population grew from 10 million to 30 million.

  • 131 cities with populations of 2500 or more in 1840

  • 1700 cities by 1900


Cities change

Cities Change

  • Incentive to build upward rather than outward.

  • Skyscrapers began to appear

  • Home Insurance building was the first skyscraper, 10 stories


Louis sullivan

Louis Sullivan

  • Built Skyscrapers

  • Lofty structures included simple lines and big windows


Mass transit

Mass Transit

  • Horse car

    • Railroad cars pulled by horses

  • Cable cars

    • Pulled along tracks by underground cables

  • Elevated Railroad

    • Chicago

  • Subway systems

    • Boston and New York


High society

High Society

  • Built houses to look like castles

  • Chicago

    • Potter Palmer built a castle

  • New York

    • Cornelius Vanderbilt, $3 million

    • Two story dining room, a gymnasium and marble bathroom

  • Many people lived on $500/year

    • $360,000 on a dance


Middle class gentility

Middle Class Gentility

  • Doctors

  • Lawyers

  • Engineers

  • Managers

  • Social Workers

  • Architects

  • Teachers


The working class

The Working Class

  • Live in tenements

    • Crowded apartment buildings with multiple families

  • 3 out of 4 residents lived in tenements in New York

  • Extra space was rented to boarders to help pay the rent


Urban problems

Urban Problems

  • Crime

    • Thieves thrives in urban areas due to crowded areas

    • Alcohol contributed to the increase of violent crimes

  • Pollution

    • Improper sewage disposal

    • Horse manure was left on the streets

  • Machine Politics

    • Party bosses took over when the need for government rose because of increased population.


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