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Gustar and Similar Verbs. ( Gustar y verbos parecidos). ¿Te gusta mi coche?. Sí, me gusta mucho. Construcciones valorativas.

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Gustar and Similar Verbs

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Gustar and Similar Verbs

(Gustar y verbos parecidos)

¿Te gusta mi coche?

Sí, me gusta mucho.


Construcciones valorativas l.jpg

Construcciones valorativas

  • En este tipo de construcciones hay un elemento (el sujeto) que produce una emoción, una sensación, un sentimiento o una reacción ….(expresados por el verbo) en alguien (complemento indirecto).

  • Me gusta mucho el pan.

    CIsujeto


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Construcciones valorativas


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Construcciones valorativas

  • Además de gustar funcionan así otros verbos como apetecer, parecer, importar, fascinar, extrañar, doler, encantar, fastidiar, interesar, molestar, preocupar, etc.

    Hoy no me apetece salir.

    A mi madre le duelen los huesos.

    A nosotros no nos interesan los libros.


Verbos como gustar con infinitivos l.jpg

Verbos como GUSTAR con infinitivos

  • En estas construcciones cuando el sujeto es una combinación de varios infinitivos, o de infinitivo y sustantivo, el verbo va en singular. El verbo sólo va en plural si hay un sustantivo plural más cerca del verbo que el infinitivo.

    Me gusta ir al cine y leer en la cama.

    Me gusta ir al cine y las películas de miedo.

    Me gustan las películas de miedo y leer en la cama.


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Otros verbos como GUSTAR

  • En algunas construcciones de este tipo, el efecto ( emoción, reacción, sensación, etc.) que el sujeto provoca en alguien se expresa con el verbo más un adjetivo, un sustantivo o un adverbio.

  • Dar + miedo, igual, pena, rabia, risa vergüenza…

  • Resultar/parecer +estupendo, increíble, raro

  • Caer+ bien/mal, regular

    Me dan asco los ratones.

    Le parece fatal no ir a clase.

    No nos caen bien sus amigos.


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Construcciones valorativas

  • En las construcciones valorativas, como gustar,encantar, preocupar, molestar, doler, etc. sólo se usan los pronombres de CI. Nunca se combinan con pronombres de CD (lo/la/los/las) porque en estas estructuras no hay CD, sólo sujeto y CI.

    Me gustan las patatas.

    Me las gustan.

    Te duele el pie.

    Te lo duele.


Ahora en ingl s gustar to be pleasing l.jpg

Gustar is used to express preferences, likes, and dislikes; however, gustar means “to be pleasing,” and is constructed very differently from the English “to like.”

Gustar is a completely regular -ar verb in its conjugation.

gusto

gustas

gusta

gustamos

gustáis

gustan

ahora en inglés

Gustar = to be pleasing


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Gustar = to be pleasing

In Spanish, the thing or things that we like are expressed as being “pleasing to us.”

. . . where “it” is the direct object.

In English, we say . . .

In Spanish, “it” becomes the subject of the sentence and we say instead . . .

I like it.

It’s pleasing to me.

“I” is then expressed as the indirect object phrase “to me.”


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Let’s start by talking about something we all like.

Following the format on the previous slide, we would say . . .

Spanish

is pleasing

to me.

In Spanish, this would literally be . . .

El español

gusta

me.

I like Spanish.

me gusta.

But, of course, in Spanish, pronouns must be placed before conjugated verbs.

Now, it so happens that, by convention, the subject (in this case El español) is generally placed at the end of the sentence with this type of construction.


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Spanish

is pleasing

to me.

me gusta.

Me gusta

el español.

El español

I like Spanish.

It turns out, then, that the sentence in Spanish is exactly the reverse of that in English,

in its sense,

and also in its word order.


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To express that others like Spanish, only the object pronoun needs to change, since Spanish remains the subject in all the sentences.

Le

Les

Te

Me

gusta el español.

Nos

Os

You all

They

I

like Spanish.

You

likes Spanish.

We

He


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Since most of the things or people that please us are expressed in third person, the two forms of gustar that are used most commonly are gusta and gustan

gusto

gustas

gusta

gustamos

gustáis

gustan

Nos gustael flan que hace la abuela.

We like the flan that grandma makes.

No le gustanlos huevos.

She doesn’t like eggs.


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Of course, it is possible to use other forms. Gustas, for example is used frequently.

Me gustas (tú).

You please me. (I like you.)

When gustar is used with one or more infinitives, only the third person singular is used.

Me gusta leer.

Me gusta leer, jugar fútbol y viajar.


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me

nos

te

os

The verb gustar is used exclusively with indirect object pronouns

le

les


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Gustar is used with indirect object pronouns

Megusta ese restaurante.

I like that restaurant.

¿Tegusta el té helado?

Do you like iced tea?

Legustan mucho las zanahorias.

He likes carrots a lot.

No nosgusta el yogur.

We don’t like yogurt.

Lesgusta cenar en casa.

They like to eat dinner at home.


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Many other verbs function like gustar

These, too, are used with indirect object pronouns.

aburrir

to bore; to tire

encantar

to delight; to be extremely pleasing

faltar

to be lacking or needed

fascinar

to be fascinating

interesar

to be interesting

molestar

to be a bother or to annoy

parecer

to seem

quedar

to be left; to remain


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Many other verbs function like gustar

Me aburre comer solo.

Eating alone bores me.

Les encanta comer fuera.

They love to eat out.

¿Les faltan servilletas?

Do you all need some napkins?

Nos fascina la cocina francesa.

French cuisine fascinates us.


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Many other verbs function like gustar

Nos interesan los pingüinos.

We’re interested in penguins.

Me molestan algunos clientes.

Some customers annoy me.

Nos parece caro este vino.

This wine seems expensive to us.

¿Te queda suficiente dinero para pagar la cuenta?

Do you have enough money left to pay the bill?


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When we like something a lot (mucho) or more (más) than something else, mucho and más immediately follow the verb gustar:

Me gusta mucho comer.

I really like to eat.

A different word order would convey a different meaning:

Me gusta comer mucho.

I like to eat a lot of food.


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When we like something a lot (mucho) or more (más) than something else, mucho and más immediately follow the verb gustar:

¿Te gustan más las naranjas o las toronjas?

Do you like oranges or grapefruit best?

Me gustan más las naranjas.

I like oranges best.


Again the verbs gustar encantar etc are used exclusively with indirect object pronouns l.jpg

These are mandatory

(a nosotros)

(a mí)

me

nos

(a vosotros)

(a ti)

te

os

(a ustedes)

le

les

(a usted)

(a ellos)

(a él)

(a ellas)

(a ella)

The prepositional forms are optional

Again, the verbs gustar, encantar, etc. are used exclusively with indirect object pronouns

(for clarification or emphasis)


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All the prepositional forms can be used to emphasize the object pronoun form.

doesn’t like beans but

I

do.

Juan

no le gustan los frijoles, pero sí me gustan.

A Juan

a mí

Notice that because Juan and I were stressed in the above sentence in English, we added the prepositional forms a Juan and a mí in Spanish to reflect that stress.


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Since the third-person pronouns le and les can be ambiguous, they sometimes require prepositional forms for clarification.

Les encantan las bananas.

Since les can represent a number of different people, we may need to add a prepositional form to avoid confusion.

A ellos les encantan las bananas.

A ellas les encantan las bananas.

A Luis y a Marta les encantan las bananas.

A Uds. les encantan las bananas.


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FIN


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