Early civilizations in india
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Early Civilizations in India. Ch.3 Sec.1. Geography of India. Himalayas – Border India to the north Highest mountain peaks in the world Ganges & Indus Rivers – Created two major valleys each with a major river running through it Monsoons –

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Early Civilizations in India

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Early civilizations in india

Early Civilizations in India

Ch.3 Sec.1


Geography of india

Geography of India

  • Himalayas –

    • Border India to the north

    • Highest mountain peaks in the world

  • Ganges & Indus Rivers –

    • Created two major valleys each with a major river running through it

  • Monsoons –

    • Refers to seasonal wind patterns in this part of the world

    • For months on end each year, heavy rain and winds hit India


Early civilizations of india

Early Civilizations of India

  • Harappan & MohenjoDaro -

    • Large city-states found along the Indus River

    • Cities housed over 35,000 people

    • Shows careful planning by original peoples

    • Had public wells, bathroom systems w/ plumbing, home garbage disposals

    • Were a theocracies

    • Based economy on farming

    • Traded regularly with Sumerians, Egyptians

    • Reasons for decline are a mystery


Arrival of the aryans

Arrival of the Aryans

  • Aryans –

    • Were Indo-Europeans

    • Decided to migrate to N. India

    • Were a warrior-culture peoples

    • Settled down and took over all the native tribes

  • Sanskrit –

    • Written language used by the Aryans

    • Probably adopted from the native peoples

    • Recorded mostly legends and religious rules and ceremonies


Arrival of the aryans1

Arrival of the Aryans

  • Vedas –

    • Collection of early sanskrit writings

    • Reveals daily life and history of ancient India


Daily life in ancient india

Daily Life in Ancient India

  • Male Life in India –

    • Were only ones educated

    • Were only ones who could own or inherit property

    • Could only hold religious positions

    • Polygamy was accepted for child-bearing reasons

  • Female Life in India –

    • Given away in arranged marriages

    • Took care of the home, had to bear many children


Daily life in ancient india1

Daily Life in Ancient India

  • Suttee –

    • Practice of wife dying along with her husband

    • Would throw herself onto her husband’s funeral pyre and be burned

    • Women who refused were held in disgrace and shunned from society


Suttee

Suttee


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