Facts myths about achievement of advanced professional level l2 proficiency ilr 4
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Facts & Myths about Achievement of Advanced Professional Level L2 Proficiency (ILR 4). a presentation for BILC, Prague, May 2012 Dr. Betty Lou Leaver Associate Provost Directorate of Continuing Education DLIFLC, USA. Organizational Information.

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Facts & Myths about Achievement of Advanced Professional Level L2 Proficiency (ILR 4)

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Facts myths about achievement of advanced professional level l2 proficiency ilr 4

Facts & Myths about Achievement of Advanced Professional Level L2 Proficiency(ILR 4)

a presentation for BILC, Prague, May 2012Dr. Betty Lou Leaver

Associate ProvostDirectorate of Continuing EducationDLIFLC, USA


Organizational information

Organizational Information

DLIFLC has four directorates, administered by the Provost:

  • Directorate of Undergraduate Education

  • Directorate of Continuing Education

  • Directorate of Language Science & Technology

  • Directorate of Evaluation & Standards

    Note: Provost reports to assistant commandant & commandant, who oversee military structure.


Organizational information cont d

Organizational Information, cont’d

The Directorate of Continuing Education has five schools, 37 sites:

  • Distance Learning (sustainment & enhancement)

  • Field Support (non-linguists)

  • Extension Programs (lifelong learning for linguists)

  • Resident Education (enhancement)

  • Educational Support Services

    • DAC (Diagnostic Assessment Center/DA specialist trainers)

    • ASC (Academic Support Center)

    • Command Language Program (360+)


Sources of information on students achieving ilr 4

Sources of Informationon Students Achieving ILR 4

This presentation is based on:

  • Experience with and feedback from upper level at

    • Foreign Service Institute (US Department of State)

    • NASA

    • Defense Language Institute

    • University of Jordan (UJ)

  • Formal research funded by

    • National Foreign Language Center

    • Conference on College Composition and Communication (National Council of Teachers of English)


Defining advanced professional level ilr 4

Defining Advanced Professional Level (ILR 4)

  • Usually equivalent to WEHANS; would not be mistaken for cultural native [ILR 3 over-self-assess; ILR 4 self-aware]

  • Wide-ranging control of structure; nonnative slip may occur

  • Language rarely hinders in any task; can set interpersonal official, semi-official and non-professional tone [tailoring]

  • Endurance & sophisticated verbal strategies: lectures, conferences, debates

  • Native social & circumstantial knowledge; not under all conditions

  • Shifts of subject matter & tone

  • Understands standard and major dialects [& street talk]


Facts myths about achievement of advanced professional level l2 proficiency ilr 4

About the Students


Quiz which of the following characteristics have been associated with near native l2 proficiency

Quiz: Which of the following characteristics have been associated with near-native L2 proficiency?

  • Desire to integrate into the culture

  • Motivated by compliments

  • Tenacity

  • High grades

  • Quick learner

  • Good ear

  • Desire to do a good job

  • Multilingual neighborhood in youth

  • Multilingual home

  • Time abroad

  • Young age at onset

  • Global learning style

  • Female

  • Marriage to a native speaker


Answers to quiz in bold

Answers to Quiz in Bold

  • Desire to integrate into the culture

  • Motivated by compliments

  • Tenacity

  • High grades

  • Quick learner

  • Good ear

  • Desire to do a good job

  • Multilingual neighborhood in youth

  • Multilingual home

  • Time abroad

  • Young age at onset

  • Global learning style

  • Female

  • Marriage to a native speaker


Student stories

Student Stories

  • Student A (ectenic learner)

    • Spanish

    • US government classes: FAO

    • Duty in Colombia

    • Community work

    • Voracious reader

    • Motivation: Instrumental (lawyer)

  • Student B (ectenic learner)

    • French

    • University classes

    • Study for degree in France

    • Voracious reader

    • Motivation: Vicarious (married to a French person)


More student stories

More Student Stories

  • Student C (synoptic learner)

    • Russian

    • University classes

    • No experience abroad (two weeks after Level 4)

    • Community work

    • Job use (broadcaster)

    • Motivation: Intrinsic

  • Student D (synoptic learner)

    • German

    • University classes

    • Job abroad (publishing/editing English)

    • Motivation: Vicarious (married a German), intrinsic


Even more student stories

Even More Student Stories

  • Student E (synoptic learner)

    • Russian

    • After school tutor: Literature

    • University classes: C average

    • US government classes

    • Job use

    • Degree work in country

    • Voracious reader & writer

    • Discouraged by teachers

    • Motivation: tenacity

    • Demotivator: linguistic & pronunciation error

  • Student F (synoptic learner)

    • French

    • Childhood community L2

    • High school: creative writing

    • University classes – A/A+

    • Job use

    • No time ever spent abroad

    • Voracious reader & writer

    • Encouraged by teachers

    • Motivation: intrinsic

    • Demotivator: criticism for regional accent


Facts myths about achievement of advanced professional level l2 proficiency ilr 4

About the Upper Level DLI Programs


Success achievement

Success/Achievement

  • Courses at DLI:

    • Nine languages, 1-10 students per group

    • Refresher, intermediate, advanced, DTRA, extension

  • Course completion at graduation standard:

    • 95% enrolling with prerequisites (ability not considered)

    • 85% of all students

    • 54% exceed graduation standards

  • Negligible attrition (only those pulled by DTRA)


Results

Results


Syllabi

Syllabi

  • Highly individualized/diagnostically oriented

  • Content-based

  • Language & culture focus

  • Task-based authenticity, research, & realism

  • Exclusively authentic; limited/no textbooks

  • Formal and informal immersion


Course content

Course Content

  • Subject matter core (language through content)

  • Political, social, and historical events

  • Immersion programs

    • University classes (integrated or duplicated)

    • Recyling vocab & grammar through all skills

    • Related excursions & exercises (e.g., surveys)

  • Integrated skills

  • Focus on process and product

    • Projects & portfolios

    • Presentations


Language culture focus

Language & Culture Focus

  • “Grammar in the wild”

  • Grammar manipulation through genre shift

  • Language exercises

    • Packaging & re-packaging

    • Simplification of thought

    • Embellishment of language

  • Sociolinguistics & pragmatics [tailoring]

  • Reading between the lines & beyond the text


Task based realism

Task-Based Realism

  • Briefings to visitors

  • Teaching lower levels

  • Analyses & project reports

  • Student surveys (immersion programs)

  • True real-life tasks

    • DTRA translations

    • Assistance to ROK


Lower level task vs upper level task

Lower Level Taskvs. Upper Level Task

  • Weather report

    • Lower: Decide what to wear/pack

    • Upper: Parody the speaker; produce a local report

  • Biographical interviews

    • Lower: Pairs interview each other & report out

    • Upper: Students analyze professional interview, then interview each other & report out, using culturally appropriate text structure

  • Grammar exercise: relative clauses

    • Lower: identify the clauses & give alternative

    • Upper: rewrite in a different genre


Lower levels vs upper levels

Lower Levels vs. Upper Levels

  • Focus on form(s) vs. focus on text

  • Using context vs. refined knowledge

  • Intensive reading vs. extensive reading

  • Teacher direction vs. self-direction

  • Rote memory vs. associative memory

  • Immersions in class & in country

  • Requests for repetition vs. elicitation

  • Defossilization (upper): structure & lexicon (automatic & correct); strategies; autonomy; pragmatics & sociolinguistics; level


Some references for level 4 few publications to date

Some References for Level 4(Few Publications to Date)

  • CDLC:

    • Journal for Distinguished Language Proficiency (6 volumes)

    • Teaching and Learning to Near-Native Levels of Second-Language Proficiency (6 volumes of conference proceedings, 2003-2008)

    • What Works: Helping Students Reach Native-Like Second-Language Competence (MSI Press, 2006)

  • Leaver:

    • Achieving Native-Like Second Language Proficiency (MSI Press, 2003)

    • Individualized Study Plans for Very Advanced L2 Learners (MSI Press, 2003)

  • Leaver, Ehrman, & Shekhtman. Achieving Success in Second Language Acquisition (Cambridge University Press, 2005, chapter 10)

  • Leaver & Shekhtman, eds. Developing Professional Level Foreign Language Proficiency (Cambridge University Press, 2003)

  • Shekhtman. Working with Advanced Students (MSI Press, 2003)


Some more references for lower levels 2 and 3

Some More References(For Lower Levels: 2+ and 3)

  • Byrnes. Advanced Language Learning: The Contribution of Halliday and Vygotsky (Continuum, 2008)

  • Byrnes, Heather, & Sprang, eds. Educating for Advanced Foreign Language Capacities: Constructs, Curriculum, Instruction, Assessment (Georgetown University Press, 2006)

  • Byrnes, Maxim, & Magnan. Advanced Foreign Language Learning, 2003 AAUSC Volume, Issues in Language Program Direction (Heinle, 2003)

  • Ortega & Byrnes. The Longitudinal Study of Advanced L2 Capacities (Routledge, 2008)

  • Watch for Brown & Bown, forthcoming, possibly Georgetown University Press, possible title: To 3 and Beyond


Centers for higher level proficiency studies

Centers for Higher Level Proficiency Studies

  • Center for the Advancement of Distinguished Language Proficiency, San Diego State University (ILR 4)

  • Center for Advanced Language Proficiency, Penn State University (ILR 2-3)

    Note: These are foreign language centers and generally do not address English.


Facts myths about achievement of advanced professional level l2 proficiency ilr 4

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