15. Secession and the Civil War 1860–1865. Secession and the Civil War 1860–1865. The Storm Gathers Adjusting to Total War Fight to the Finish Effects of the War. The Emergence of Lincoln. Lincoln’s election plunged nation into greatest conflict People were skeptical of his abilities
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Secession and the Civil War1860–1865
Black Soldiers This 1890 lithograph by Kurz and Allison commemorates the 54th Massachusetts Colored Regiment charging Fort Wagner, South Carolina, in July 1863. The 54th was the first African-American unit recruited during the war. Charles and Lewis Douglass, sons of Frederick Douglass, served with this regiment.
An 1863 draft call in New York provoked violence against African Americans, viewed by the rioters as the cause of an unnecessary war, and rage against the rich men who had been able to buy exemptions from the draft. This 1863 illustration from Harper’s Weekly depicts a mob lynching a black man on Clarkson Street in New York City.
Map 15.2 Civil War, 1861–1865 In the western theater of war, Grant’s victories at Port Gibson, Jackson, and Champion’s Hill cleared the way for his siege of Vicksburg. In the east, after the hard-won Union victory at Gettysburg, the South never again invaded the North. In 1864 and 1865, Union armies gradually closed in on Lee’s Confederate forces in Virginia. Leaving Atlanta in flames, Sherman marched to the Georgia coast, took Savannah, then moved his troops north through the Carolinas. Grant’s army, though suffering enormous losses, moved on toward Richmond, marching into the Confederate capital on April 3, 1865, and forcing surrender.