BLACK FOREST GERMANY. Black Forest Topics of Discussion. The Black Forest in Summary The Name Plants and Vegetation Food Web Pre-historical Forest Uses Historical Forest Uses Commercial Aspects of the Forest Non-commercial Uses Disease and Pests of the Forest Natural Disaster Damage
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Black Forest predominately consists of a variety of Pine and Fir trees with some Spruce: Common Juniper, European Silver Fir, Douglas Fir, Norway Spruce, and Scot Pine
The trees that make up the canopy are different throughout the forest due to the various elevation and soil changes of the mountain.
Due to the density of the forest there is not much of an understory or scrub layer. The trees that due exist in this layer are: Beech, Oak, Hazel, Larch, Elm, Lime, Acer, Alder, and other various Broad Leaf trees.
There are a number of scrubs, ferns, and grass that grow in the shrub and herb layers. The valleys of the forests are used for grazing due to the quality of the grass.
Eurasia Wolf are small in population but do roam the forest.
There are a number of predator birds that live in the Black Forest such as the Kolkrabe (raven) and falcons.
The Sperlingskauz(owl) eats all types of small ground animals such as mice, hedgehogs, and rabbits; they will also eat other birds too.
Wild boar, such as Russian Boar, roam the forest feeding off plants, fruits, small animals, and birds.
The European Wild Cat and the recent reintroduction of the Eurasian Lynx roam the forest.
There are numerous birds that live in and around the forests such as rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules.
There are many small mammals and rodents such as mice and hedgehogs that roam the forest floor eating leaves and fruits.
There is an endless supply of insects and the Lumbricusbadensis (giant earthworm) that is only found in the Black Forest.
There is a large population of Red Tail Deer that primarily roam and graze the open land in the low lands
The Western Capercaillie (Wood Grouse) is a rare bird that has been fighting extinction for years. It is a herbivore.
Atlantic Ocean Watershed
Drains to the Atlantic Ocean
Black Sea Watershed
Drains to the Black Sea
The biggest issue effecting the Black Forest is the affects of acid rain. The forest is a fraction of what it was 50 years ago and continues to shrink. As you can see in the chart, the majority of German industry is in the southern part of the country which contributes significantly to the amount of pollution in the south. Even though German Parliament has finally passed a law to start reducing carbon emissions it is a phased approach that is spaced out over a period of years and even decades. To complicate matters further German corporations, especially the automobile industry, routinely hinder legislation that governs their use of energy and pollution output. To pile on to the amount of pollution in the south you must also factor in the large industrial zone of France that is immediately to the west of Germany, and the Black Forest, as well as the Alps to the south that acts like a barricade “holding in” the pollution by preventing it from dispersing quickly. The effects of the acid has not only damaged the trees but it has also reduced the population of many wild animal species native to Germany and the Black Forest due to reduced natural habitats, food, and shelter. The Black Forest has suffered so much damage over the years, and the acid levels in the soil are so high, that it makes it nearly impossible to rebuild the forest quickly. Until the pollution is completely under control it will continue to produce acid rain which will further degrade the forest, the soil, and the wild life.