Bell Ringer. “It is dangerous to be right when the government is wrong.” Explain this quote in your own words. The American Revolution. Seceding from the Empire. Philosophical Stirrings. The Ideas that Shaped the Revolution. The Enlightenment.
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“It is dangerous to be right when the government is wrong.”
Explain this quote in your own words.
The American Revolution
Seceding from the Empire
The Ideas that Shaped the Revolution
The Enlightenment was a cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe and the United States, whose purpose was to reform society and advance knowledge through reason and logic.
Humans are all born free and equal, with three natural rights: life, liberty, and property.
“I may not agree with a thing you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”
Man’s right to freedom of religion and speech must be protected, oui?
Power should not be held by one man alone, but separated amongst several branches. Power should be a check to power.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains. The sovereignty of the people is essential to the creation of a just government.
Just because you have been accused of a crime does not mean you shouldn’t be treated humanely. Torture should never be used. You should have a speedy trial and your punishment should fit the crime.
If all men are born free, how is it that all women are born slaves?
Welcome to Stepford!
If humans freely follow their own self interest, government will be guided by an invisible hand. This is laissez faire.
United them under a common enemy for the first time
It created bitter feelings towards the pompous British
Were no longer able to ignore British tax laws
It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, "Peace! Peace!" -- but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!
boycotts of British goods
What’s wrong with this picture?
The Shot Heard ‘Round the World
The Second Continental Congress met in May 1775 in Philadelphia to address the worsening situation.
Olive Branch Petition: Pledged America’s loyalty and asked for peace
King George III formally declared the colonies to be in a state of rebellion
Fighting a defensive war with home-field advantage
Had a defined cause
Poorly trained, poorly equipped army; no navy to speak of
No central government; no stable economic system
Usually older and from conservative families
Usually from richer, aristocratic families
Were strong in areas where the Anglican Church was strong
It’s Too Late To Apologize
July 4, 1776
The Ladies Man
General Washington faltered when faced with a strong British force in New York
December 26, 1776 – Washington surprises the Hessians at Trenton after crossing the icy Delaware
America’s first victory; boosted morale
A week later, Americans scored another victory at Princeton after leaving their campfires burning as a distraction for the British
Washington’s troops camped for the winter at Valley Forge
It was bitterly cold, morale and supplies were low, desertions were high
Von Steuben’s trainings were kicked into high gear, transforming the rag-tag militia into a true army.
LL Cool Frank