Evaluating computer technology for language learning
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TESL Ontario, December 10-12, 2009, Toronto. Evaluating computer technology for language learning. Carol A. Chapelle Iowa State University. The Fastest Way to Learn a Language. Guaranteed.™ Award-winning Software Learn a language naturally with Dynamic Immersion™. Easy-to-use

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Evaluating computer technology for language learning

TESLOntario, December 10-12, 2009, Toronto

Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Carol A. Chapelle

Iowa State University


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

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Evaluating computer technology for language learning

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Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Teacher’s Website

Companion Website

Students Teacher

CD-ROM

Textbook

Another class

The Web


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Teacher’s Website

Companion Website

Students Teacher

CD-ROM

Textbook

Another class

The Web


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Comparison research

Technology vs. teacher-led class


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Audiences for Evaluation

Others

Program and Policy Decision Makers

&

Funders

Researchers

in

Applied Linguistics

CALL Developers

&

Other CALL Researchers

Teachers

&

Learners

Insiders

Informed Critics

Outsiders


Research review

Research review

  • Example findings

    “ […] it is reasonable to conclude that technology has been shown by the published empirical studies to be very effective in improving student language learning.” (Zhao, 2003, p. 19)

“ […] comparative studies reveal no conclusive evidence of any positive advantages associated with the use of media in general or of computers in particular.” (Burston, 2003, p. 221)


Our research synthesis

Our research synthesis

  • Time frame: 1970-2006

  • Computer search: 3 electronic databases (LLBA, ERIC, and DA)

  • Manual search: 6 journals (CALL, System, CALICO, ReCALL, LLT and TESOL Quarterly)

  • Research comparing language instruction with computer technology and instruction without technology

  • Contains unpublished literature

  • More than 200 studies were identified

  • 85 studies met research synthesis criteria


Four groups

Four groups


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Audiences for Evaluation

Others

Program and Policy Decision Makers

&

Funders

Researchers

in

Applied Linguistics

CALL Developers

&

Other CALL Researchers

Teachers

&

Learners

Insiders

Informed Critics

Outsiders


Issues in language materials evaluation

Issues in Language Materials Evaluation

  • Marshalling professional knowledge

  • Methodology for defensible results

  • Context specificity


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Longman English Interactive


Research seeking data concerning

Research seeking data concerning…

  • Language learning potential—opportunities for focus on form

  • Meaning focus—learners’ attention directed toward the meaning of the language

  • Learner fit—appropriate conditions given learner characteristics

  • Authenticity—correspondence between the learning activity and language activities out of the classroom

  • Positive Impact—positive effects of the CALL activity

  • Practicality—adequacy of resources to support the use of the CALL activity


Questions about positive impact for the student

Questions about Positive Impact for the student:

How much did you enjoy the following practice activities:

Not at all a little some a lot

Listening O O O O

Vocabulary O O O O

Speaking O O O O

Grammar O O O O

Pronunciation O O O O

Reading O O O O


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Mean Positive Impact Scores-12 Classes

A 20.19

B 17.57

C 19.98

D 19.10

E 18.45

E 19.36

F 18.05

G 16.63

H 14.47

I 21.60

J 19.16

K 22.65

Japan

in the US

Thailand

Chile


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Audiences for Evaluation

Others

Program and Policy Decision Makers

&

Funders

Researchers

in

Applied Linguistics

CALL Developers

&

Other CALL Researchers

Teachers

&

Learners

Insiders

Informed Critics

Outsiders


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Communication task through voice chat

Researcher looks for episodes of negotiation of meaning


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Communication task through voice chat

Sumiko: Alright. So about our friend Harry.

Andy:Yeah, I’m a little concerned about him. I don’t know, I’m a little concerned about him. I think he should take some leadership courses so he can gain some confidence. It looks like he’s got a choice. He’s interested in either Stanford or MIT.

Sumiko: Pardon?

Andy:It looks like Harry is interested in Stanford and MIT.

Sumiko: Yeah.

Andy:I don’t know exactly how much you know about Harry, but I do know some things about Harry. And ah, I think he’s got a great personality …


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Communication task through voice chat

Sumiko: Alright. So about our friend Harry.

Andy:Yeah, I’m a little concerned about him. I don’t know, I’m a little concerned about him. I think he should take some leadership courses so he can gain some confidence. It looks like he’s got a choice. He’s interested in either Stanford or MIT.

Sumiko: Pardon?

Andy:It looks like Harry is interested in Stanford and MIT.

Sumiko: Yeah.

Andy:I don’t know exactly how much you know about Harry, but I do know some things about Harry. And ah, I think he’s got a great personality …


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Pellettieri (2000) found that learners self-corrected during chatroom tasks:

G: Es tu hombre tiene una corbata y los anteojos?

R: Si, el tiene


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Pellettieri (2000) found that learners self-corrected during chatroom tasks:

G: Es tu hombre tiene una corbata y los anteojos?

R: Si, el los tiene.


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Pellettieri (2000) found that learners self-corrected during chatroom tasks:

G: Es tu hombre tiene una corbata y los anteojos?

R: Si, el los tiene. Mi dibujo numero 5 es un mano...


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Telecollaboration


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Pragmatic Development

Pronoun Choice in French

“vous”

FRENCH PROFESSOR

“tu”


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Online communication

Researcher studying online communication


Esl student in the us

ESL STUDENT IN THE US

English is biggest problem

The US “isn’t my world”

English will not be good in 10 years (from Lam, 2000)


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

J-pop Star


Esl student on the internet

ESL STUDENT ON THE INTERNET

I’ve improved

My Internet friends helped me

There’s nothing to be afraid of(from Lam, 2000)


Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Audiences for Evaluation

Others

Program and Policy Decision Makers

&

Funders

Researchers

in

Applied Linguistics

CALL Developers

&

Other CALL Researchers

Teachers

&

Learners

Insiders

Informed Critics

Outsiders


Evaluating computer technology for language learning1

TESLOntario, December 10-12, 2009, Toronto

Evaluating computer technology for language learning

Evaluation for whom?

Carol A. Chapelle

Iowa State University


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