Currently how many mexican immigrants are there in the united states
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Currently how many Mexican immigrants are there in the United States? PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Currently how many Mexican immigrants are there in the United States?. In 2009, there were approximately 11.5 million Mexican immigrants in the United States 1. 1: 62%, or almost 2/3 of all Mexican immigrants, are illegal 1.

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Currently how many Mexican immigrants are there in the United States?

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Currently how many Mexican immigrants are there in the United States?

In 2009, there were approximately 11.5 million Mexican immigrants in the United States1


62%, or almost 2/3 of all Mexican immigrants, are illegal1


Mexican immigration increase = fear + debate in U.S. society

Why are so many Mexicans leaving Mexico?

By: Kaitlin Farrell

April 5, 2010

Family Ties

  • 1,969 mile border

  • History of immigration between the two countries

  • Most Mexicans immigrate to the southwest

  • Circular migration-->permanent settlement

  • Mexican-American War (1846-1848)

“In the felicitous phrase of contemporary immigrant activists,

they didn’t cross the border; the border crossed them.”1

What Does This All Mean?

  • Family connections across the border help propel immigration!

  • Almost 2/3 of the Mexican population has a relative living in the United States1

  • In a survey of about 5,000 Mexican immigrants, 80% reported having a relative other than a spouse or a child in the U.S.2

  • Remittances



Escaping Crime

The Drug Wars

  • Most prevalent in the northern Mexico, especially Ciudad Juarez

  • Gruesome

  • U.S. is partly to blame- we are the consumers

  • Mexican President Felipe Calderon’s own war on drugs, 2007

  • 10,031 have died in drug-related deaths since 20071

  • Has created a new immigrant group of asylum seekers, typically “middle-class, employed, and frightened”2




The Statistics

  • While the percentage of Mexico’s poor is about the same as it was 20 years ago, the population has risen1

  • Large gap between rich and poor

  • In 2008:

    • 19.5 million people living in “extreme” poverty

    • 50.6 million people living in poverty2 (just about half of the total population of Mexico)



  • Poverty is most prevalent in rural areas

  • Even though only about 25% of the population lives in rural areas, they represent about 70% of Mexico’s extreme poor and about 46% of Mexico’s moderately poor1


States of Origin of Mexican immigrants, 2008


Single Cause? Not Likely

  • Why such poverty?

    • No one single cause

    • Much has to do with the country’s unstable past

    • Quick history lesson on Mexico…

Mexican Political Structure

  • Independence from Spain declared in 1810

  • Have had 3 different constitutions since then

  • Authoritarian presidents

  • Revolution in 1910, lasted a decade

  • 3 branches of government, but executive has traditionally held most of the power

  • Highly centralized

  • Until 2000, the monopoly political party was the PRI

  • No re-election policy

  • Corruption & patronage among officials


  • After years of instability due to the Revolution, experienced rapid economic growth between 1946-1970

    • Predominately urban for first time

    • “Mexicanize” the economy & growth of national industries1

1: A Concise History of Mexico, p. 256

Economic turmoil

  • 1970s-1980s = economic crises!

  • Problem with “Mexicanizing” the economy was that it created a closed environment

As a result…

  • Mexican leaders opened up the country to international investment, trade, and competition (aka globalization)

  • NAFTA, 1994

    • Pros and Cons


  • Mexico’s political and economic structures have created many shortfalls

  • The economic crises especially have “hampered overall growth, halted the creation of new jobs and pushed large numbers of the lower middle class into poverty.”1


Is Poverty Improving?

  • Some say yes because of statistics

  • But in reality, still large numbers of Mexicans living in poverty

  • Still see U.S. as opportunity to advance

    • 1/3 of Mexicans would still move to U.S. if they could1



  • Why are so many Mexicans leaving Mexico?

    • Family ties

    • Escape the violence

    • Escape poverty

  • All 3 are connected


  • Baker, B. C., Hoefer, M., & Rytina, N. (2009). Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2009. Retrieved from

  • Becker, A. & McDonnell, P. J. (2009, March 4). Drug war creates new class of refugees. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from

  • (2009, December 13). Mexico needs to defeat both poverty, cartels. Retrieved from

  • Chavez, A. H. (2006). Mexico: A Brief History. (A. Klatt, Trans.). Berkely , CA: University of California Press.

  • Cevallos, D. (2005, August 23). Not Everyone Celebrates Improved Poverty Statistics. Retrieved from

  • Cohn, D., & Passel, J. (2009). Mexican Immigrants: How Many Come? How Many Leave? Retrieved from

  • Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. (2010). Spotlight: Remittances to Mexico 
Cross-Border Money Flows Slowed by U.S. Slump. Retrieved from

  • Focus Migration. (n.d.). Country Profile:Mexico. Retrieved from

  • Hamnett, B. (1999). A Concise History of Mexico. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

  • Income Generation and Social Protection for the Poor. (n.d.) A Study of Rural Poverty in Mexico. Retrieved from

  • Jordan, M. & Sullivan, K. (2003, March 22). Trade Brings Riches, but Not to Mexico’s Poor. Washington Post. Retrieved from

  • Los Angeles Times. (2010, April 5). Mexico Under Seige: The drug war at our doorstep. Retrieved from

  • Nasse, H. E. (2005, December 6). Family, better jobs pull Mexicans to USA. USA Today. Retrieved from

  • Pew Global Attitudes Project. (2009, September 23). Most Mexicans See Better Life in U.S. - One-In-Three Would Migrate: Troubled by Crime, the Economy, Drugs and Corruption. Retrieved from

  • Pew Hispanic Center. (2009). Mexican Immigrants in the United States, 2008. Retrieved from

  • Terrazas, A. (2010). Mexican Immigrants in the United States. Retrieved from

  • Voice of America. (2010, March 17). Mexican Government Struggles to Contain Drug War Violence. Retrieved from

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