EXPANSIONISM or Imperialism. AMERICA IN THE WORLD. JUSTIFICATIONS OF IMPERIALISM. ECONOMIC INTELLECUTAL MILITARY. Big Business in support of foreign markets. ECONOMIC MOTIVATIONS. Financial motivation. Social Darwinism (Herbert Spencer) –Americans had completed inward
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AMERICA IN THE WORLD
Social Darwinism (Herbert Spencer) –Americans had completed inward
expansion to the West – so now it was time for overseas expansion.INTELLECTUAL JUSTIFICATIONS
Mahan’s – completed inwardThe Influence of Sea Power upon History (1890) detailed the importance of sea power:Military Justifications
Economic: Americans had 50 million $ invested in sugar. completed inwardAmerican involvement with Cuba
Guerilla Warfare completed inwardProblems in Philippines
There was nothing left for us to do but to take them all [the Philippine Islands] and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift, and civilize, and Christianize them.
“We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors; furnished heartbreak by exile so some dozens of disagreeable patriots; . . . And so, by these Providences of God – and the phrase is the government’s not mine – we are a World Power.”
A policy of influencing our American neighbors without physical control – but money control (Taft)Dollar Diplomacy