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Aspek Biologi Bakteri. Proses Infeksi. Organism Exposure. Mekanisme Resistensi . Mekanisme Penolakan Secara Non-specific . Kekebalan. Treatment. Infeksi. Kesembuhan. InfeksiKronis. Faktor Utama. Organisme Penginfeksi Jumlah Jenis Resistensi yang diinfeksi Mekanisme resistensi bawaan

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Presentation Transcript
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Proses Infeksi

Organism Exposure

Mekanisme Resistensi

Mekanisme Penolakan Secara Non-specific

Kekebalan

Treatment

Infeksi

Kesembuhan

InfeksiKronis

faktor utama
Faktor Utama
  • Organisme Penginfeksi
    • Jumlah
    • Jenis
  • Resistensi yang diinfeksi
    • Mekanisme resistensi bawaan
    • Immunitas
karakteristik patogen
Karakteristik Patogen
  • Attachment
  • Invasion
    • Menghasilkan enzymes yg merusak jaringan
    • Collagenase, hyaluronidase, streptokinase
  • Avoiding Defenses
avoiding defenses
Avoiding Defenses
  • Kapsula
  • Menghambat Mekanisme Pertahanan (phagocytosis, immunity)
    • Menghasilkan inhibitor
    • Menyerap antibodi
  • Bertahan dalam Sel inang (dlm sel phagocytes)
  • Variasi Antigen
    • Selama infeksi
    • Diantara siklus infeksi
penyebab
Penyebab
  • Gram Positif bacteria
  • Gram Negatif bacteria
  • Mycoplasma
bakteri gram positif
Bakteri Gram Positif
  • Streptococcus agalactiae
  • Other Streptococcus sp.
    • uberus
    • dysgalactiae
  • Staphylacoccus aureus
  • dll
staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus aureus
  • Penyebab berbagai macam penyakit
  • Infeksi kulit, abses, pencernaan
  • Sangat invasif
  • Sangat sulit disembuhkan
bakteri gram negatif
Bakteri Gram Negatif
  • Eschericia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia
  • Hidup di alam, beberapa bersifat patogen
  • Infeksi berat
  • Dapat disembuhkan secara total
lipopolysakarida
Lipopolysakarida
  • Disebut sebagai:
    • LPS
    • atau Endotoxin
mycoplasma
Mycoplasma
  • Hanya beberapa jenis
  • Tanpa dinding sel
  • Parasit Intracellular
  • Banyak terdapat di alam
  • Sangat sulit dideteksi
  • Beberapa resisten terhadap antibiotika
ad