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Anglo Saxons. History. Anglo-Saxons Angles and Saxons invaded Britain from Germany, took over a large part of the country Descendants of earlier “vikings” and other warrior/seafaring societies. King Alfred

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History
History

  • Anglo-Saxons

    • Angles and Saxons invaded Britain from Germany, took over a large part of the country

    • Descendants of earlier “vikings” and other warrior/seafaring societies.

  • King Alfred

    • Danes invaded from the north and the Anglo-Saxons unified under King Alfred to stop them


How do we know about the Anglo Saxons?

http://www.suttonhoo.org/



Culture and beliefs
Culture and Beliefs

  • Terms:

    • Scop: an Old English term for poet. Functioned as both an entertainer and as an historian.

    • Heroic Ideal: Anglo-Saxon culture was governed by the ideals of bravery, loyalty and generosity.


Culture and beliefs revenge and kinship
Culture and Beliefs:Revenge and Kinship

  • Importance of Family

    • A person’s family (and by extension the tribe/clan) was protection

    • Any injury/death must be avenged by the kinsmen

    • Wer-gild (man gold): it was acceptable to pay the family in atonement for death or injury


Culture and beliefs honor and glory
Culture and Beliefs:Honor and Glory

  • Honor:

    • People were judged by their actions

    • To be respected and remembered was the goal of everyone’s life

  • Glory:

    • Wyrd: “destiny” or “fate” Anglo-Saxons did not really believe in an afterlife

    • The goal was to be remembered after death, in songs and stories of his great deeds



Housing
Housing

Houses were simple structures made of wood. Thatched roofs and windows were rare.




They were farmers, but also hunted and fished. food.

Women would often tend the field alongside the men.


  • Each village was very self sufficient food.

  • Everything that was used in the village was most likely made in the village

  • People would often become specialized and barter goods and services




Socializing would take place in a central hall—it would often be large enough for the whole village to be able to go inside.


Clothing simple and locally made
Clothing often be large enough for the whole village to be able to go inside. : simple and locally made


Culture and beliefs comitatus
Culture and Beliefs: often be large enough for the whole village to be able to go inside. “Comitatus”

  • Comitatus:

    • A small band of warriors led by a chieftain (or king)

    • The warriors would defend their leader to the death; no warrior should outlive the king/chief

    • In turn, the chief would reward them generously and share the spoils of war with them



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