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Anglo Saxons. History. Anglo-Saxons Angles and Saxons invaded Britain from Germany, took over a large part of the country Descendants of earlier “vikings” and other warrior/seafaring societies. King Alfred

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Anglo Saxons

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Anglo saxons

Anglo Saxons


History

History

  • Anglo-Saxons

    • Angles and Saxons invaded Britain from Germany, took over a large part of the country

    • Descendants of earlier “vikings” and other warrior/seafaring societies.

  • King Alfred

    • Danes invaded from the north and the Anglo-Saxons unified under King Alfred to stop them


Anglo saxons

How do we know about the Anglo Saxons?

http://www.suttonhoo.org/


Anglo saxons

Treasure at Sutton Hoo


Culture and beliefs

Culture and Beliefs

  • Terms:

    • Scop: an Old English term for poet. Functioned as both an entertainer and as an historian.

    • Heroic Ideal: Anglo-Saxon culture was governed by the ideals of bravery, loyalty and generosity.


Culture and beliefs revenge and kinship

Culture and Beliefs:Revenge and Kinship

  • Importance of Family

    • A person’s family (and by extension the tribe/clan) was protection

    • Any injury/death must be avenged by the kinsmen

    • Wer-gild (man gold): it was acceptable to pay the family in atonement for death or injury


Culture and beliefs honor and glory

Culture and Beliefs:Honor and Glory

  • Honor:

    • People were judged by their actions

    • To be respected and remembered was the goal of everyone’s life

  • Glory:

    • Wyrd: “destiny” or “fate” Anglo-Saxons did not really believe in an afterlife

    • The goal was to be remembered after death, in songs and stories of his great deeds


Daily life

Daily Life


Housing

Housing

Houses were simple structures made of wood. Thatched roofs and windows were rare.


Anglo saxons

The leader (chieftain / eorl) would often have a large hall in the center of the village


Anglo saxons

Families would be responsible for growing/raising their own food.


Anglo saxons

They were farmers, but also hunted and fished.

Women would often tend the field alongside the men.


Anglo saxons

  • Each village was very self sufficient

  • Everything that was used in the village was most likely made in the village

  • People would often become specialized and barter goods and services


Anglo saxons

  • Goods would be made from locally available materials.

  • This comb was hand made from bone.


Anglo saxons

Anglo-Saxon society was social.


Anglo saxons

Socializing would take place in a central hall—it would often be large enough for the whole village to be able to go inside.


Clothing simple and locally made

Clothing: simple and locally made


Culture and beliefs comitatus

Culture and Beliefs:“Comitatus”

  • Comitatus:

    • A small band of warriors led by a chieftain (or king)

    • The warriors would defend their leader to the death; no warrior should outlive the king/chief

    • In turn, the chief would reward them generously and share the spoils of war with them


Anglo saxons

Combat tended to be brutal and short. Shields played a key role in protecting the warriors.


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