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The Roman World Takes Shape

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The Roman World Takes Shape. Geography Italian Peninsula- centrally located in Mediterranean Not broken up into city-states by mountains Fertile Plains. Peoples Latins - 800 B.C., Tiber River “City on seven hills” Etruscans- lived north of Rome, ruled much of Italy including Rome

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Geography

Italian Peninsula- centrally located in Mediterranean

Not broken up into city-states by mountains

Fertile Plains

slide3

Peoples

Latins- 800 B.C., Tiber River

“City on seven hills”

Etruscans- lived north of Rome, ruled much of Italy including Rome

Alphabet, arch building, draining the marshes, deities

slide4

The Roman Republic

509 B.C.- drove out Estruscans

Republic- “thing of the people”

slide5

The Government Takes Shape

In the early stages, the senate took control

Patricians- members of the landholding upper class

Consuls- supervise the business of government and command the armies (1 term)

Dictator- ruler who has complete control over the government (time of war)

6 months

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Plebians Demand Equality

Plebians- farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders; bulk of the population

Laws of the Twelve Tables

Tribunes- officials elected by the plebians

Veto- block laws from being put into place

slide7

Roman Society

Father had complete control

Wife was subject to husband’s authority

“Loving, Dutiful, Dignified, and Strong”

slide8

Changing Role of Women

Larger role than Greek women

Ran a variety of businesses

Some exercised significant political influence (Livia and Agrippina the Younger)

slide9

Education

Girls and Boys learned to read and write

Private tutors (Greek)- memorize events in Roman History

Rhetoric for political pursuers

slide10

Religion

Gods and goddesses resembled Estruscan and Greek deities

Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, Mars, etc.

Religious festivals and temples

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Expansion in Italy

270 B.C.- Rome controlled most of the Italian peninsula

Skillful diplomacy and a well-trained army

Legion- 5,000 men

Citizen-soldiers- fought without pay and supplied their own weapons (loyalty, courage, and respect for authority)

Rewards and Punishment

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Conquered Lands

Justice

Acknowledge Roman leadership, pay taxes, supply soldiers

Full citizenship/Partial citizenship

slide13

Protection and Unification

Soldiers posted

Military roads

Latin language and Roman customs and beliefs

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